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An Outlook on Land Reform 2012: Progress and impact on Food Security in Southern Africa. 11TH AGRICULTURAL OUTLOOK CONFERENCE 13 & 14 SEPTEMBER 2011. Dawie Maree Agri SA. Food security. Definition Types of food security National Household Vision of government. Food Security.

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An Outlook on Land Reform 2012: Progress and impact on Food Security in Southern Africa


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an outlook on land reform 2012 progress and impact on food security in southern africa

An Outlook on Land Reform 2012: Progress and impact on Food Security in Southern Africa

11TH AGRICULTURAL OUTLOOK CONFERENCE

13 & 14 SEPTEMBER 2011

Dawie Maree

Agri SA

food security
Food security
  • Definition
  • Types of food security
    • National
    • Household
  • Vision of government
food security1
Food Security
  • G20 Plan of Action
    • Improve agricultural production and productivity
food security2
Food Security
  • G20 Plan of Action
    • Improve agricultural production and productivity
    • Increase market information and transparency
    • Strengthen international policy coherence and coordination
    • Improve and develop risk management tools
    • Improve functioning of agricultural commodities’ derivative markets
south african agriculture
SouthAfricanAgriculture

Property rights

Food security

Poor infrastructure

Corruption

Trade policy

Crime

Input costs

Service delivery

Labour dispensation

land reform in south africa
Land Reform in South Africa
  • Contentious and emotive
  • Land reform since 1994
    • 3-pronged approach
    • Target for 2014
    • Progress and success???
    • Reasons for failure
international experience
International experience
  • Mexico
    • Ownership
    • Production
    • Dependancy
  • Tanzania
    • Ownership
    • Productivity
  • Brazil
    • Expropriation
    • Government support
    • Market-related strategies
green paper on land reform 2011
Green Paper on Land Reform, 2011
  • Vision
    • 4-tier system of land tenure
    • Clearly defined property rights
    • Secure forms of long-term land tenure for resident non-citizens
    • Effective land use planning and regulatory systems
  • Improved trajectory
    • Improve past and current perspectives without substantially disrupting production and food security
    • Avoid/minimise redistribution and restitution which do not generate sustainable livelihoods, employment and incomes
green paper on land reform 20111
Green Paper on Land Reform, 2011
  • Improved trajectory support by:
    • Recapitalisation and development programme
    • Single 4-tier tenure system
      • State and public land – Leasehold
      • Privately owned land – Freehold, with limited extent
      • Land owned by foreigners – Freehold, with obligations and conditions
      • Communally owned land – Communal tenure, with institutionalised use rights
      • An Australian example
green paper on land reform 20112
Green Paper on Land Reform, 2011
  • Improved trajectory support by (continue):
    • Land Management Commission
    • Land Valuer-General
    • Land Rights Management Board, with local management committees
    • Properly aligned common property institutions
    • Tenure Security Bill, 2010
green paper on land reform 20113
Green Paper on Land Reform, 2011
  • Key challenges and constraints:
    • Entrenched vested interests
    • Poor coordination and integration
    • Poor capacity of organs of state to implement
conclusion road forward
Conclusion/Road forward
  • National Land Audit
  • More definite process for land reform and rural development
  • Critical debate
  • Expansion into Africa
  • Local focus on food security