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The Cologne Cathedral. By: Matt Keenen. Through Examining the cathedral in Cologne what can be said about the German mind-set before, during and after its construction?.

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the cologne cathedral

The Cologne Cathedral

By: Matt Keenen

slide2
Through Examining the cathedral in Cologne what can be said about the German mind-set before, during and after its construction?
  • My essential question analyzes the history, events, and architecture behind the Cologne Cathedral to see what it says about the German mind-set.
  • The German mind-set is comprised of 5 things: Economics, Politics, Religion, Nationalism, and Society.
thesis statement
Thesis Statement:
  • The Cologne cathedral is a symbol of the cultural elements put into its construction. I have concluded that the middle class determines the prosperity of a nation or city.
the cathedral
The Cathedral
  • 1248-1560 1842-1880
  • Old cathedral burned down.
  • 1322 went bankrupt
  • Stopped in 1560
  • Restarted in 1842
  • Completed in 1880
gothic style cathedral
Gothic Style Cathedral
  • Romanesque were simple.
  • Gothic were more complex as they were taller and had more stained glass windows.
cathedrals
Cathedrals
  • Built under certain circumstances.
  • In a city/town
  • Wealthy city/town
  • Religious city/town
  • National Spirit
  • Cologne had all of these.
middle ages
Middle Ages
  • Cologne During the middle ages went through a time of revival from the dark ages.
economics
Economics
  • Cologne was a center for economic development.
  • Merchants and Craftsman gained power.
  • Located on the Rhine River Cologne is the largest inland port.
  • Had two main trade arteries.
religion
Religion
  • The “German Rome”
  • Had many churches.
  • A bishop presided over Cologne.
  • Had a devoutly Roman Catholic population.
politics
Politics
  • People were exempt from Feudal system.
  • Political battles with the Archbishop.
  • Freedom is important because it allows for cultural development and economic growth.
nationalism
Nationalism
  • Competition.
  • Cathedrals were symbols of power.
  • City pride.
society
Society
  • Middle class ruled the cities.
  • Cities depend on the middle class.
  • Cathedrals only built in cities with a strong middle class.
cologne s decline
Cologne’s Decline
  • Cathedral went bankrupt in 1322.
  • Construction stops in 1560.
  • Why was there no reformation in Cologne?
post napoleonic prussia
Post-Napoleonic Prussia
  • Prussia survived.
  • Gained control of Cologne.
  • Prussia became the most powerful nation-state in Germany.
prussian reform movement
Prussian Reform Movement
  • Reform or Destruction
  • New government
  • Modernization/Industrialization
  • Urbanization
  • Social hierarchy transformed.
the cologne cathedral1
The Cologne Cathedral
  • Begins construction again in 1842.
  • The Kaiser holds an elaborate ceremony for Cathedral construction.
  • The cathedral becomes a symbol for the nation.
  • The five elements still apply to the construction of the cathedral.