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Session 7: Family Formation and Social Demography. Karl Ulrich Mayer Life Course Research: Theoretical Issues, Empirical Applications and Methodological Problems Sociological Methodology Workshop Series, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan September 20-24, 2004. Outline. Micro-Theory

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Session 7: Family Formation and Social Demography


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    1. Session 7:Family Formation and Social Demography Karl Ulrich MayerLife Course Research:Theoretical Issues, Empirical Applications and Methodological ProblemsSociological Methodology Workshop Series, Academia Sinica, Taipei, TaiwanSeptember 20-24, 2004

    2. Outline Micro-Theory The De-Standardization of the Life Course (Brückner/Mayer 2004) Family Formation in Times of Abrupt Social and Economic Change (Huinink/Kreyenfeld 2004) Human Capital Investments or Norms of Role Transition? (Blossfeld/Huinink 1991) Gender, Social Inequality, and Family Formation in West Germany (Huinink/Mayer 1995)

    3. Micro-Theory Age Norms Cognitions and Control Beliefs Biographical Schemas Life Review

    4. Micro-Theory Concepts Continuity / Discontinuity Stabilization / Change Differentiation / Integration Inter-Individual Differences vs. Intra-Individual Change External – Internal Stimulus – Mechanism Chrnological Age vs. Duration of Exposure (to risk)

    5. Micro-Theory of the Life Course

    6. Causal Micro-Theories of the Life Course Resource accumulation and resource conversion: Status attainment and human capital Disadvantages and handicaps Critical life events, turning points (e.g. midlife crisis) Protective factors, vulnerable conditions (e.g. early marriage, delayed marriage) The children of the Great Depression: Accumulation and accentuation / social deprivation and the army Switching points (Magnusson‘s early menarche girls, Grundmann‘s sons of stepfathers, early marriage and the intergenerational transmission of divorce Age and Deliquency (Sampson / Laub’s replication of the Glueck study and the effect of marriage)

    7. Changes in American Family Structure as the Result of Improved Life Expectancy 1900-1976 * The demographic shift changes the idea of what a family is. Adapted from: Uhlenberg, 1980 Source: Bengtson, Vern L. and Katherine Allen (1992): "The Life Course Perspective Applied to Families Over Time." In: Pauline Boss, William Doherty, Robert La Rossa, Walter Schumm, and Suzanne Steinmetz (eds.), Sourcebook of Family Theories and Methods: A Contextual Approach. New York, N.Y.: Plenum Press, Pp. 469-499.

    8. Graphics from: Brückner, Hannah and Karl Ulrich Mayer (2004): "The De-Standardization of the Life Course: What It Might Mean and If It Means Anything Whether it Actually Took Place." Paper presented at the Research Committee 28 (RC28) on Social Stratification and Mobility, Neuchâtel Meeting "Social Stratification, Mobility, and Exclusion". Neuchâtel, Switzerland, 7-9 May 2004. (forthcoming) in: Advances in Life Course Research.

    9. Marriage Timing by Cohort and Age, Women

    10. Marriage Timing by Cohort and Age, Women

    11. Marriage Timing by Cohort and Age, Women

    12. Marriage Timing by Cohort and Age, Women

    13. Marriage Timing by Cohort and Age, Women

    14. Marriage Timing by Cohort and Age, Women

    15. Marriage Timing by Cohort and Age, Women

    16. Marriage Timing by Cohort and Age, Women

    17. Marriage Timing by Cohort and Age, Men

    18. Marriage Timing by Cohort and Age, Men

    19. Marriage Timing by Cohort and Age, Men

    20. Marriage Timing by Cohort and Age, Men

    21. Marriage Timing by Cohort and Age, Men

    22. Marriage Timing by Cohort and Age, Men

    23. Marriage Timing by Cohort and Age, Men

    24. Marriage Timing by Cohort and Age, Men

    25. Timing of First Childbirth by Age and Cohort, Women

    26. Timing of First Childbirth by Age and Cohort, Women

    27. Timing of First Childbirth by Age and Cohort, Women

    28. Timing of First Childbirth by Age and Cohort, Women

    29. Timing of First Childbirth by Age and Cohort, Women

    30. Timing of First Childbirth by Age and Cohort, Women

    31. Timing of First Childbirth by Age and Cohort, Women

    32. Timing of First Childbirth by Age and Cohort, Women

    33. Timing of First Child Birth by Cohort and Age, Men

    34. Timing of First Child Birth by Cohort and Age, Men

    35. Timing of First Child Birth by Cohort and Age, Men

    36. Timing of First Child Birth by Cohort and Age, Men

    37. Timing of First Child Birth by Cohort and Age, Men

    38. Timing of First Child Birth by Cohort and Age, Men

    39. Timing of First Child Birth by Cohort and Age, Men

    40. Timing of First Child Birth by Cohort and Age, Men

    41. Tables and graphics from: Huinink/Kreyenfeld Huinink, Johannes and Michaela Kreyenfeld (2004): "Family formation in times of social and economic change: an analysis of the 1971 East German cohort." WP-2004-013 (April 2004). Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock.