Session 7: Family Formation and Social Demography. Karl Ulrich Mayer Life Course Research: Theoretical Issues, Empirical Applications and Methodological Problems Sociological Methodology Workshop Series, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan September 20-24, 2004. Outline. Micro-Theory
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Session 7:Family Formation and Social Demography Karl Ulrich MayerLife Course Research:Theoretical Issues, Empirical Applications and Methodological ProblemsSociological Methodology Workshop Series, Academia Sinica, Taipei, TaiwanSeptember 20-24, 2004
Outline Micro-Theory The De-Standardization of the Life Course (Brückner/Mayer 2004) Family Formation in Times of Abrupt Social and Economic Change (Huinink/Kreyenfeld 2004) Human Capital Investments or Norms of Role Transition? (Blossfeld/Huinink 1991) Gender, Social Inequality, and Family Formation in West Germany (Huinink/Mayer 1995)
Micro-Theory Age Norms Cognitions and Control Beliefs Biographical Schemas Life Review
Micro-Theory Concepts Continuity / Discontinuity Stabilization / Change Differentiation / Integration Inter-Individual Differences vs. Intra-Individual Change External – Internal Stimulus – Mechanism Chrnological Age vs. Duration of Exposure (to risk)
Causal Micro-Theories of the Life Course Resource accumulation and resource conversion: Status attainment and human capital Disadvantages and handicaps Critical life events, turning points (e.g. midlife crisis) Protective factors, vulnerable conditions (e.g. early marriage, delayed marriage) The children of the Great Depression: Accumulation and accentuation / social deprivation and the army Switching points (Magnusson‘s early menarche girls, Grundmann‘s sons of stepfathers, early marriage and the intergenerational transmission of divorce Age and Deliquency (Sampson / Laub’s replication of the Glueck study and the effect of marriage)
Changes in American Family Structure as the Result of Improved Life Expectancy 1900-1976 * The demographic shift changes the idea of what a family is. Adapted from: Uhlenberg, 1980 Source: Bengtson, Vern L. and Katherine Allen (1992): "The Life Course Perspective Applied to Families Over Time." In: Pauline Boss, William Doherty, Robert La Rossa, Walter Schumm, and Suzanne Steinmetz (eds.), Sourcebook of Family Theories and Methods: A Contextual Approach. New York, N.Y.: Plenum Press, Pp. 469-499.
Graphics from: Brückner, Hannah and Karl Ulrich Mayer (2004): "The De-Standardization of the Life Course: What It Might Mean and If It Means Anything Whether it Actually Took Place." Paper presented at the Research Committee 28 (RC28) on Social Stratification and Mobility, Neuchâtel Meeting "Social Stratification, Mobility, and Exclusion". Neuchâtel, Switzerland, 7-9 May 2004. (forthcoming) in: Advances in Life Course Research.
Tables and graphics from: Huinink/Kreyenfeld Huinink, Johannes and Michaela Kreyenfeld (2004): "Family formation in times of social and economic change: an analysis of the 1971 East German cohort." WP-2004-013 (April 2004). Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock.