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Introductory Adverbs. Adverbs . A word that modifies (describes) a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Remember, most adverbs end in “ ly ”. Modifying a verb – Ex. Ancient peoples often saw designs in the stars, called constellations.

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adverbs
Adverbs
  • A word that modifies (describes) a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
  • Remember, most adverbs end in “ly”.
    • Modifying a verb – Ex. Ancient peoples often saw designs in the stars, called constellations.
    • Modifying an adjective – I was very glad school was starting.
    • Modifying other adverbs – The boy moved very quickly from the room.
introductory adverbs1
Introductory Adverbs

Introductory adverbs are individual adverbs or adverb clauses at the beginning of a sentence.

what is a clause
What is a clause?
  • A clause is a group of words with its own subject and predicate.
  • There are two types of clauses
    • Independent – can stand by itself in a complete sentence.
      • Ex. The boywent to the park.
what is a clause p 2
What is a clause? (p.2)
  • Subordinate/Dependent clauses – cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence.
    • Ex. Because he woke up late, he missed his flight.
adverb clauses
Adverb Clauses
  • Adverb clauses are dependent clauses that modify (describe) a verb, an adjective, another adverb.
  • All adverb clauses begin with subordinating conjunctions.
  • They answer the following questions:
    • Where?, When?, In what way?, To what extent?, Under what condition, Why?
most commonly used subordinating conjunctions
Most commonly used subordinating conjunctions
  • after even though unless
  • although if until
  • as in order that when
  • as if since whenever
  • as long as so that where
  • because than wherever
  • before though while
here is the formula
Here is the formula!!
  • subordinating conjunction+clause +comma+ clause
    • Because I was absent yesterday, I missed the assignment.
more examples
More Examples
  • Wherever they need to go, Vai people carry their possessions on their head. (Where?)
  • I will help you with your English whenever you ask. (When?)
  • Jamie wanted to stay because the band was good. (Why?)
individual adverbs
Individual Adverbs
  • Adding an individual adverb to the beginning of a sentence is easy!!
    • Think of a adverb (usually a word that ends in (“ly”)
    • Put the word at the beginning of your sentence and set it off with a comma! 
    • IMPORTANT!! – DON’T FORGET THE COMMA!!
      • Examples:
        • Carefully, the boy lifted the kitten out of the box.
        • Yesterday, I passed Mrs. Welty's test with flying colors.
        • Clearly, he had run the race well.
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