By Grace Ross. Mary Goeppert-Mayer. One of the greatest female minds to walk the face on the earth. By: Grace Ross. Childhood. Maria was born June 28, 1906 in Kattowitz, Silesia. She was the only child of Friedrich and Maria Goppert. Maria grew up in an “academic”
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One of the greatest female minds to walk the face on the earth.
By: Grace Ross
Maria was born June 28, 1906 in
Kattowitz, Silesia. She was the only
child of Friedrich and Maria Goppert.
Maria grew up in an “academic”
environment. Her father encouraged
self-confidence and an inquisitive
mind-set. Her father was a
pediatrician, and she absolutely
Maria’s father (Friedrich Goppert) a pediatrician, and her husband (Joseph Edward Mayer) a chemical physicist inspired Ma ria to take a doctorate in theoretical physics under the direction of Nobel Prize Winners Max Born, Jame s Franck, and Adolf Wind aus.
Maria went to a public elementary school for girls until the age of 15. She passed the examination for admission to a university. In the spring of 1924, she enrolled at the university of Gottingen. She originally planned to have a career in mathematics, but she was more attracted to physics, and she looked for a more challenging curriculum. So she
switched to physics and decided to continue the family tradition and purse a doctorate.
- Maria Goeppert-Mayer
In 1930, Maria received her PhD at Gottingen in theoretical physics under Max Born. She married U.S. chemical physicist Joseph Edward Mayer on January 18, 1930. After her graduation, the Mayer’s took a steamboat to the United States because John Hopkins University had offered Joseph a position as assistant professor in chemistry. She arrived in Baltimore on April 1, 1930.
Even though Maria was white she still was discriminated against. Since she was a woman, she wasn’t able to work as a full professor with a salary until she was in her later years. So, all of her discoveries in physics were made by volunteering.
Maria Goeppert-Mayer was one of the two women to win the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1963. She jointly won with Johannes Hans Daniel Hensen, for their work on the shell model of nuclear studies. Or in other words, their discoveries concerning the organization of neutrons and protons within an atomic nuclei, for the work she did between 1948, and 1955, at the University of Chicago.
The discovery of magic numbers and their explanation,
and her model of the shell structure of an atomic nuclei.