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Kansas Relating Supervision to Workforce Outcomes 35th Annual Governor's Conference for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect November 2-4, 2011. Child Welfare Workforce Challenges in Kansas. Continuous social work vacancies

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Kansas

Relating Supervision to Workforce Outcomes

35th Annual Governor's Conference for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect

November 2-4, 2011

slide2

Child Welfare Workforce

Challenges in Kansas

  • Continuous social work vacancies
  • High turnover due to demanding and stressful nature of work
  • Impact of vacancies/turnover on families and workers who stay
  • Social work graduates often unprepared for child welfare work
  • Privatization introduces unique challenges:
    • Competition for staff
    • Stringent staffing/licensing requirements
    • Contract changes
    • Resource implications
    • Insufficient and fragmented workforce data
slide3

“Supervisors who interact with subordinates as professionals and encourage child welfare staff to share responsibilities for organizational vision and leadership and to continue personal and professional development increase the likelihood that a worker will remain employed in child welfare.”

workers w ho remain in child welfare
Workers Who Remain in Child Welfare:
  • Have high quality supervision/leadership
  • Have high supervisor and coworker support
  • Have supervisors who facilitate their learning
  • Have supervisors who support worker’s practice
  • Report more guidance from their supervisor
  • Have a strong sense of security and emotional closeness with their supervisor
  • Feel assured that they can rely on their supervisor for tangible support
workers who remain in child welfare
Workers Who Remain in Child Welfare:
  • Feel more positive about the role of their supervisor and have a more favorable view of their supervisor
  • Have supervisors who are more competent in doing their job, are more concerned with the worker’s welfare, acknowledge the worker when they have done a good job, help the worker complete difficult tasks, and are warm and friendly when the worker is having problems
what supervisor dimensions influence retention
What Supervisor Dimensions Influence Retention?

Task Assistance

Social and Emotional Support

Interpersonal Interaction

conscious unconscious competence
CONSCIOUS-UNCONSCIOUS COMPETENCE
  • Unconscious Competence
  • Conscious Competence
  • Conscious “Incompetence”
  • Unconscious “Incompetence”
viewing tips
Viewing Tips
  • Focus on what the supervisor is saying and doing
  • Reflect on the powerful influence of these simple behaviors
  • Think about other ways these skills can be used
task assistance
Task Assistance
  • Provide assistance with tasks
  • Offer work-related advice and instruction
  • Coach workers
  • Support training and learning
social and emotional support
Social and Emotional Support
  • Listen as workers discuss job difficulties
  • Recognize emotional needs
  • Acknowledge and reward good work
  • Make supportive statements
  • Clarify role and responsibilities
  • Encourage help seeking
  • Encourage positive thinking
  • Be warm, friendly and respectful with workers
interpersonal interaction
Interpersonal Interaction
  • Project a sense of emotional closeness
  • Encourage staff to share the organizational vision
  • Encourage a sense of competence
  • Interact as professionals
  • Encourage co-workers to support each other
supervision and staff retention
Supervision and Staff Retention

Dimension 1: Task Assistance

– supervisor provides tangible, work-related advice and instruction to workers

  • Leads to: Empowerment, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Job Satisfaction, Retention

Dimension 2: Social and Emotional Support

  • Leads to: improved Well-being, Organizational Commitment, Job Satisfaction

Dimension 3: Interpersonal Interactions

– worker’s perception of the quality of the supervisory relationship

  • Leads to: Sense of competence and personal accomplishment, Organizational Citizenship, Behavior, Job Satisfaction

Mor Barak, Travis, Pyun, and Xie, 2009

Synthesis prepared by Munson, 2010

slide13

Effective Supervision

Task Assistance

Social & Emotional Support

Interpersonal Interaction

Empowerment

Organizational Citizenship Behavior

Job Satisfaction

Retention

Well-being

Organizational Commitment

Job Satisfaction

Sense of Competence & Personal Accomplishment

Organizational Citizenship Behavior

Job Satisfaction

impact of supervision on staff retention
Impact of Supervision on Staff Retention

Overall Findings

  • Dimension 1: Task Assistance, had greatest impact on positive worker outcomes.
  • Dimensions 2 & 3: Social and Emotional Support and Interpersonal interaction were associated with:
    • Reduced worker anxiety, stress, depression, somatic complaints, burnout, intention to leave, and turnover

Mor Barak, Travis, Pyun, and Xie, 2009

Synthesis prepared by Munson, 2010

implications for workforce improvement
Implications for Workforce Improvement
  • Stress the importance of effective supervision
  • Support positive supervisor-supervisee relationships
  • Allow for frequent, mandatory supervisory sessions
  • Provide supervisory trainings on providing effective task assistance, building strong supervisory relationships and increasing supervisory support for workers
ready to act here are some ideas to get you started
Ready to Act? Here are some ideas to get you started…
  • Start small.
  • Create a routine.
  • Get someone else involved.  
  • Track your actions.  
  • Ask for feedback.  
  • Involve your team.
  • Other ideas??