Agenda 9/25/2012 Warm-up: Week 5, Day 1. Two questions. Two minutes for each question. Intro to South America Power Point Map & Notes on South America: Physical Geography Parts 3 & 4 of the World Map Activity is due Friday Sept. 28 in class. Remember this is a test grade!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
STAAR Test • Questions are very rarely recall of material from the class. • Most questions will ask you to use a skill and content knowledge to answer a question. • This is a harder type of question!
General Facts: • 4th largest continent in land area • In the Western Hemisphere, South of Central America • Between the Atlantic & Pacific Oceans • 7,000 miles across
Mountains: • Andes Mountains- the longest and some of the highest in the world • Run 4,500 miles in western South America. • Once part of the Incan Empire
MountainsandPeaks Sierra Madres Mts. Guiana Highlands Brazilian Highlands Andes Mts. Patagonian Plateau
Grasslands/Plains • Most of South America = mountains and poor soil = unproductive land. • Pampas in Argentina & Uruguay = fertile soil for growing crops & grazing cattle.
ValleysPlainsandBasins Llanos Amazon Basin Mato Grosso Gran Chaco Pampas
Deserts Nazca Desert Atacama Desert
Rainforests • In northern part = warm, humid climates • Amazon Rainforest- world’s largest – in Brazil. • Being cut down (deforestation) for ranches & farms.
Bodies of Water • Amazon River- 2nd longest in the world, largest in the world = more water. • Others are Orinoco R. and Rio de la Plata • Most people live along or near rivers.
BodiesofWater Gulf of Mexico Caribbean Sea Lake Maracaibo Orinoco R. Magdalena R. Amazon R. Pacific Ocean Sao Francisco R. Parana R. Lake Titicaca Uruguay R. Rio de La Plata Atlantic Ocean
Climate • Warm because near the equator • Mountains & Ocean winds = comfortable temperatures • More people at higher elevations where cooler.
Latin American Climatic Zones