Agenda 9/25/2012 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. Agenda 9/25/2012 Warm-up: Week 5, Day 1. Two questions. Two minutes for each question. Intro to South America Power Point Map & Notes on South America: Physical Geography Parts 3 & 4 of the World Map Activity is due Friday Sept. 28 in class. Remember this is a test grade!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  2. STAAR Test • Questions are very rarely recall of material from the class. • Most questions will ask you to use a skill and content knowledge to answer a question. • This is a harder type of question!

  3. General Facts: • 4th largest continent in land area • In the Western Hemisphere, South of Central America • Between the Atlantic & Pacific Oceans • 7,000 miles across

  4. Mountains: • Andes Mountains- the longest and some of the highest in the world • Run 4,500 miles in western South America. • Once part of the Incan Empire

  5. MountainsandPeaks Sierra Madres Mts. Guiana Highlands Brazilian Highlands Andes Mts. Patagonian Plateau

  6. Andes Mountains (Peru)

  7. The Eastern Flank of the Andes

  8. Llamas in the Andes

  9. Guianan Highlands, Venezuela

  10. Brazilian Highlands

  11. Patagonian Region (Chile)

  12. Grasslands/Plains • Most of South America = mountains and poor soil = unproductive land. • Pampas in Argentina & Uruguay = fertile soil for growing crops & grazing cattle.

  13. ValleysPlainsandBasins Llanos Amazon Basin Mato Grosso Gran Chaco Pampas

  14. Amazon Rain Forest

  15. Mato Grosso

  16. Cattle Ranching on the Pampas

  17. Gauchos of the Pampas, Argentina

  18. Deserts Nazca Desert Atacama Desert

  19. Atacama Desert

  20. Nazca Desert

  21. Rainforests • In northern part = warm, humid climates • Amazon Rainforest- world’s largest – in Brazil. • Being cut down (deforestation) for ranches & farms.

  22. Amazon Rain Forest

  23. On the Ground Floor of the Rain Forest

  24. Three-Tiered Canopy

  25. Jungle Fauna

  26. Deforestation in the Amazon

  27. Bodies of Water • Amazon River- 2nd longest in the world, largest in the world = more water. • Others are Orinoco R. and Rio de la Plata • Most people live along or near rivers.

  28. BodiesofWater Gulf of Mexico Caribbean Sea Lake Maracaibo Orinoco R. Magdalena R. Amazon R. Pacific Ocean Sao Francisco R. Parana R. Lake Titicaca Uruguay R. Rio de La Plata Atlantic Ocean

  29. The Panama Canal

  30. Going Through the Panama Canal

  31. Climate • Warm because near the equator • Mountains & Ocean winds = comfortable temperatures • More people at higher elevations where cooler.

  32. The Tropical Hemisphere

  33. Latin American Climatic Zones

  34. Elevation

  35. Altitudinal Zonation:Vertical Climate