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RED EYE. Rengin YILDIRIM, Prof. Dr. Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty. RED EYE. PATOGENESIS ?. THE REASONS ?. SYMPTOMPS ?. SIGNS?. VASCULAR SYSTEM OF ANTERIOR SE G MENT. SUPERFICIAL. DEEP (CILIARY). TYPES OF HYPEREMIA. COMMON CAUSES OF RED EYE. PAIN (+). PAIN (-). 1- INFECTIONS

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Presentation Transcript
red eye
RED EYE
  • Rengin YILDIRIM, Prof. Dr.
  • Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty
red eye1
RED EYE

PATOGENESIS ?

THE REASONS ?

SYMPTOMPS ?

SIGNS?

vascular system of anterior se g ment
VASCULAR SYSTEM OF ANTERIOR SEGMENT

SUPERFICIAL

DEEP (CILIARY)

common causes of red eye
COMMON CAUSES OF RED EYE

PAIN (+)

PAIN (-)

1- INFECTIONS

2- TRAUMA OF

ANTERIOR SEGMENT

3- ACUT GLAUCOMACRYSIS

4- SYSTEMIC DISEASES

1- SUBCONJUNCTIVAL

HEMORRAGIE

2-CHRONIC BLEPHARITIS

3- DRY EYE

infections of eye
INFECTIONS OF EYE

BLEPHARITIS

CONJONCTIVITIS

KERATITIS

SCLERITIS

DACRIOCYSTITIS

UVEITIS

acut conjonctivitis symptoms
ACUT CONJONCTIVITIS SYMPTOMS

A SCRATCHING OR

BURNING SENSATION

FOREING BODY SENSATION

PHOTOPHOBIA AND PAIN

(IF CORNEA IS ALSO AFFECTED

ITCHING

acut conjonctivitis si g ns
ACUT CONJONCTIVITIS SIGNS

HYPEREMIA

CHEMOSIS

TEARING

FOLLICLES

EXUDATION

PSEUDOMEMBRANES

AND MEMBRANS

PSEUDOPTOSIS

GRANULOMAS

PREAURICULAR LAP

PAPILLARY

HYPERTROPY

vernalis allergic conjonctivitis
VERNALIS(ALLERGIC CONJONCTIVITIS)

LIMBAL FORM

OF VERNALIS

PALBEPRAL FORM OF VERNALIS

keratitis
KERATITIS
  • ETIOLOGY
    • INFECTIONS
      • BACTERIAL
      • FUNGAL
      • VIRAL
  • HYPERSENSITIVITY
  • NUTRICIONAL DISEASE
  • KERATOMALACIA
  • NEUROTROPHIC KERATITIS
  • EXPOSURE KERATITIS
  • TRAUMA
  • RADIATIONAL
  • MECHANICAL
  • CHEMICAL

HYPOPION

viral keratitis
VIRAL KERATITIS

GEOGRAPHIC FORM

DENDRITIC FORM

PRIMARY INFECTION

slide13

EPISCLERITIS - SCLERITIS

SUPERFICIAL

HYPEREMIA

DIFFUSE EPISCLERITIS

NODULAR EPISCLERITIS

DEEP

HYPEREMIA

DIFFUSE SCLERITIS

NODULAR SCLERITIS

DEEP

HYPEREMIA

NECROTIC SCLERITIS

SCLEROMALACIA PERFORANCE

acut uveitis
ACUT UVEITIS
  • SEVERE PAIN,PHOTOPHOBIA
  • MIXT (DEEP) HYPEREMIA
  • SELF-LIMITED COURSE,OFTEN
  • RECURRENCE
  • PINPOINT KERATIC PRECIPITATS
  • IN AQUEOUS, MANY CELLS, SOMETIMES
  • PROTEIN ACCUMULATIONS
  • SINECHIA POSTERIOR, PUPILLARY
  • DISTURBANCES, SECONDARY GLAUCOMA
  • CAUSES: EXOGENEOUS &ENDOGENEOUS

BEHCET’S DISEASE

clinic forms of uveitis
CLINIC FORMS OF UVEITIS

KERATIC PRECIPITATS

SINECHIA POSTERIOR

DEEP (CILIARY)

HYPEREMIA

SINECHIA POSTERIOR

foreign bodies of conjonctivae or cornea
FOREIGN BODIES OF CONJONCTIVAE OR CORNEA
  • SYMPTOMS
  • FOREIGN BODY SENSATION, TEARING, MINIMAL PAIN, BLURRED VISION, PHOTOPHOBIA
  • ( IF THERE IS A CORNEAL FOREIGN BODY, SYMPTOMS MORE SEVERE!)
  • SIGNS
  • FOREIGN BODY,SUPERFICIAL (CONJONTIVAL)HYPEREMIA
  • TREATMENT
  • REMOVAL OF FOREIGN BODY AND OCCLUSION OF EYE FOR 1 DAY
acut glaucoma crisis
ACUT GLAUCOMA CRISIS
  • PRECIPITATING FACTORS
  • PHYSIOLOGIC PUPILLARY BLOCK
  • INCREASED SIZE OF THE LENS
  • (RELATIVE PUPILLARY BLOCK)
  • PLATEAU IRIS

FIXED PUPILLA

GLAUCOMA FLECKEN

acut glaucoma crisis pathogenesis
ACUT GLAUCOMA CRISIS PATHOGENESIS

GRADING SYSTEM OF ANGLE

ANTERIOR CHAMBER ANGLE

OF EYE

CLOSED ANGLE

acut glaucoma crisis1
ACUT GLAUCOMA CRISIS
  • SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS
  • SUDDEN ONSET OF BLURRED VISION
  • FOLLOWED BY SEVERE HEADACHE AND PAIN IN THE EYE
  • RAINBOW COLORED HALOS AROUND LIGHTS
  • NAUSEA,VOMITING
  • MARKEDLY INCREASED IOP
  • A SHALLOW ANTERIOR CHAMBER
  • AN OEDEMATOUS CORNEA
  • A FIXED,MODERATELY DILATED PUPILLA
  • CILIARY (DEEP) HYPEREMIA
acut glaucoma crisis2
ACUT GLAUCOMA CRISIS
  • TREATMENT MUST BE URGENTLY!!
  • IOP MUST BE LOWER WITHIN 48 – 72 HOURS
  • IF NO TREATMENT ; BLINDNESS !!

PROFLAXY

YAG LASER IRIDOTOMY

subconjonctival hemoragie
SUBCONJONCTIVAL HEMORAGIE
  • USUALLY IN ONLY ONE EYE, IN ANY AGE GROUP
  • OCCUR SPONTANEOUSLY
  • SUDDEN ONSET
  • CAUSE:
  • THE RUPTURE OF A SMALL CONJONCTIVAL VESSELS ( SOMETIMES PRECEEDED BY ABOUT OF SEVERE CAUGHING OR SNEEZING)
  • NO TREATMENT, SPONTANEOUSLY RESOLUTION WITHIN 2 -3 WEEKS