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Jessica Tsang | ED368 Cognitive Development | 5.20.2009 PowerPoint Presentation
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DeLoache , J., Miller, K.F., & Rosengren , K.S. (1997) The Credible Shrinking Room: Very Young Children's Performance With Symbolic and Nonsymbolic Relations . Psychological Science, 8(4) , 308-312. THEORY AND METHODS. FINDINGS.

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DeLoache, J., Miller, K.F., & Rosengren, K.S. (1997) The Credible Shrinking Room: Very Young Children's Performance With Symbolic and Nonsymbolic Relations. Psychological Science, 8(4), 308-312.

THEORY AND METHODS

FINDINGS

Question: Symbolic artifacts are important. 2.5 yr-olds do not understand symbols, as they fail to translate from mini-models to full-scale situations. Is this due to trouble with representing the artifact and the thing it represents at once?

Methods: 32 2.5-yr olds were shown where a large troll doll is hidden in a large room & asked to find it in an analogous small room.

Symbolic cond (n=15): “Can you find Little Terry? Remember, he's hiding in the same place in his little room where Big Terry's hiding in his big room.”

Nonsymboliccond (n=17): Children are shown a ‘shrinking machine’

in action; they believe the room has actually shrunk/expanded.

Conclusion: “a major challenge in detecting and using symbolic relations stems from their inherent dual reality and the necessity of achieving a dual representation.”

Strengths & Weaknesses

  • Seems all the kids in the nonsymbolic actually believed in the shrinking machine
  • Shows memory is not a factor in failing this task.
  • The study does not distinguish between whether the kids CAN’T use things as symbols or they just don’t realize they should be.

Jessica Tsang | ED368 Cognitive Development | 5.20.2009