Freight s role in economic development urban rural cases
Download
1 / 38

Freight’s Role in Economic Development: Urban & Rural Cases - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 146 Views
  • Uploaded on

Freight’s Role in Economic Development: Urban & Rural Cases. Glen Weisbrod Economic Development Research Group, Inc. 2 Oliver Street, 9 th Floor Boston, MA 02109 USA [email protected] Economic Development Perspective. Freight Focus on Access / Connections

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Freight’s Role in Economic Development: Urban & Rural Cases' - arnaud


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Freight s role in economic development urban rural cases

Freight’s Role in Economic Development: Urban & Rural Cases

Glen Weisbrod

Economic Development Research Group, Inc.

2 Oliver Street, 9th Floor

Boston, MA 02109 USA

[email protected]


Economic development perspective
Economic Development Perspective

Freight Focus on Access / Connections

  • Invest to provide connectivity (linkages);

  • Benefit is primarily in maximizing accessibility to resources & markets.


Relevance of the econ devel view
Relevance of the Econ Devel View

  • Areas left out of the interstate highway system; lacking basic connections

  • Existing connections degrading due to congestion

  • New connections justified by emerging global economy (intermodal, air, seaport connections)


Case studies
Case Studies

  • Vancouver, BC Gateway:

    Impact Study and Actions.

  • Appalachian International Trade Clusters:

    Needs and Opportunities.



Elements of study
Elements of Study

Regional economic development consequences of investment (vs. failure to invest) in road & rail system improvements to address rising traffic congestion.

Involvement of the Greater Vancouver Gateway Council, Greater Vancouver Transportation Authority (GVTA / TransLinks), BC Transport, Transport Canada and Dept. of Western Economic Diversification



Global change

W. Canada Exports

Highest Value (’02)

Minerals & Coal

Wood

Fertilizer

Mechanical Equip

Paper

Fastest Growth (’92-’02)

* Electrical Machinery

* Plastics

* Furniture

* Instruments

* Motor Vehicles

Globalization…

Global Change

  • Technology – intermodal, containerized

  • Trade Corridors – Pacific Rim growth

  • Consolidation – mega ports and gateways


Western transport dependence

Western Provinces

Western Transport Dependence

Concentration of Jobs in Transportation, Rel to Canada Average


Westward flows to asia
Westward Flows to Asia

Asia $11b

Through Vancouver

(Pacific Marine Gateway)

Europe/Africa $3b


Relative growth in container traffic
Relative Growth in Container Traffic

Growth of TEUs

North Canada West Coast Vancouver

America (US-Canada) Gateway


Regional growth projections
Regional Growth Projections

2002 – 2021 Forecasts

Population +42%

Car Traffic +39%

Truck Traffic +56%

Rail tonnes +60%

Cargo Shipments in BC, (millions of tonnes)



30 Marine Terminals, 22 Rail Yards

6 Border Crossings, 1 Airport

On Site: 75,000 jobs

W. Canada: 145,000 jobs, $19B output

Border Facilities



To Trans

Can Hwy 

To US

Border


Transport capacity issues 2021

Invest in Major Corridor Transportation System

…or Status Quo?

Compared to the Investment Scenario…

“Status Quo” traffic congestion will add over 112,000 vehicle-hours of delay daily

“Status Quo” rail bridge limitations will reduce train activity by 11/day

Transport Capacity Issues (2021)


Analysis process
Analysis Process

Analysis process (DelCan, GVTA and Economic Development Research Group) :

  • detailed traffic simulation model

  • railroad facility supply/demand forecasting

  • four province economic simulation models

  • international trade and competitiveness model

  • analysis of infrastructure scenarios on production, imports/exports, & cost sensitivity.


Direct effects
Direct Effects

Diff: Build vs. Not

Ground Transport

  • Cars – increase in travel expense ($134 million/yr)

  • Trucks – raise shipper costs; reduce business competitiveness & attraction ($280 million/yr)

  • Rail – capacity limitation: businesses seek alternative routes at higher cost (1100 railcars/day)

    Ports

  • Marine ports – higher cost, shift activity elsewhere

  • Airport – raise costs for airport use


Results economic implications

Effects for City, Metro, Province and W. Canada

Results: Economic Implications

  • Economic Impact:

  • 7,300 to 16,300 jobs

  • $ 475 million to $ 1.1 billion of GDP /year

  • Economic Stakes:

  • Over 150,000 jobs in production industries produce over $30 billion of exports /year

  • Total Benefit (incl. personal time)

  • $806 million to $1.5 billion of benefit value /year


Plans in progress

A New Crossing of the Fraser River and Regional Road Improvements

Plans In Progress

ALSO…

North Fraser Perimeter Road Fraser Highway Widening Dollarton Bridge Expansion (river crossing) Coast Meridian Overpass (rail yard crossing)204 Street Overpass (rail track crossing)Main Street Widening (port access for trucks). Murray-Clarke Connector (crossing RR tracks at port)

David Avenue Extension (river crossing)


Analysis of Global Competitiveness of Selected Industries and Clusters in the Appalachian Region

  • Study Components:

    • Industry Analysis

    • Market Analysis

    • Transportation Analysis


Selection of export clusters
Selection of Export Clusters and Clusters in the Appalachian Region

  • State Initiatives and Targeted Industries

  • Location in Appalachia

  • Growth in Foreign Demand

  • Competitive Pressures

  • Current Trade Relations

  • Prospects for Geographic Expansion

  • Regional Economic Impacts & Leakages


Selected industries
Selected Industries and Clusters in the Appalachian Region

  • Electronic Components

  • Food Processing Machinery

  • Packaging Machinery

  • Wooden household Furniture

  • Upholstered Household Furniture

  • Auto Parts


Foreign markets
Foreign Markets and Clusters in the Appalachian Region


Transportation mode by commodity
Transportation Mode by Commodity and Clusters in the Appalachian Region


Ports for appalachian exports
“Ports” for Appalachian Exports and Clusters in the Appalachian Region

  • Most important ports of shipments out of US

    • Detroit, MI

    • New York, NY (the port and JFK Airport)

    • Miami (the port and Miami International)

  • Other ports

    • Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY and Champlain-Rousse Point, NY; Charleston SC; Norfolk, VA; Baltimore, MD; Laredo and Dallas-Fort Worth, TX; and Jacksonville, FL


Auto parts exports
AUTO PARTS EXPORTS and Clusters in the Appalachian Region

  • States or Origin &

  • % of ARC Exports:

  • TN- 22%

  • AL- 20%

  • WV-15%

  • Key Ports for Export:

  • Detroit MI

  • Port Huron MI

  • Buffalo NY

  • Miami FL

  • Jacksonville FL

Florida


Food processing machinery exports
FOOD PROCESSING MACHINERY EXPORTS and Clusters in the Appalachian Region

  • States or Origin &

  • % of ARC Exports:

  • PA - 28%

  • GA- 20%

  • SC- 14%

  • OH- 12%

  • Key Ports for Export:

  • Laredo TX

  • JFK Int. Airport NY

  • New York NY .

  • Detroit MI

  • Port Huron MI

Texas

Florida


Packaging machinery exports
PACKAGING MACHINERY EXPORTS and Clusters in the Appalachian Region

  • States or Origin &

  • % of ARC Exports:

  • SC - 65%

  • GA- 16%

  • Key Ports for Export:

  • New York NY .

  • Buffalo NY

  • Laredo TX

  • JFK Airport NY

  • Miami Int. Airp’t FL

  • Miami FL

  • Champlain NY

  • Charleston SC

Texas

Florida


Electronic components exports
ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS EXPORTS and Clusters in the Appalachian Region

  • States or Origin &

  • % of ARC Exports:

  • WV- 31%

  • PA- 20%

  • GA- 13%

  • MS- 11%

  • Key Ports for Export:

  • JFK Int. Airport NY

  • Miami Int’l Airp’t FL

  • Buffalo NY

  • Detroit MI

  • Port Huron MI

Florida


Rail air intermodal facilities
Rail & Air Intermodal Facilities and Clusters in the Appalachian Region

Airport Facilities

TOFC / COFC Facilities


Intermodal facilities supporting auto parts exports
Intermodal Facilities Supporting Auto Parts Exports and Clusters in the Appalachian Region


Adhs appalachian development highway system
ADHS - Appalachian Development Highway System and Clusters in the Appalachian Region


Adhs gaps identified
ADHS Gaps Identified and Clusters in the Appalachian Region


Challenges for connecting to ports of lading
Challenges for Connecting to and Clusters in the Appalachian RegionPorts of Lading

  • Ports of lading and firm locations are related

  • Appalachia in the middle of an auto mfg. corridor stretching from Canada to Mexico

  • Eastern Counties in Appalachia exports more to Europe – easier access to east coast ports

  • Western portion of in Appalachia exports more within North America – better access to key industrial areas in US, Canada, Mexico


Attracting inward investment related to transport connections
Attracting “Inward Investment” Related to Transport Connections

Recent Offshore-Based Auto Assembly in Southern US & Mexico


On the web
…On the Web Connections

Vancouver Gateway Council

Major Commercial Transportation System

www.gvgc.org

Appalachian Regional Commission

Transportation Studies

www.arc.gov

Economic Development Research Group

Library of Economic Impact Studies

www.edrgroup.com


ad