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Cathode Strip Chamber (CSC) Trigger Primitive Time Synchronization

Cathode Strip Chamber (CSC) Trigger Primitive Time Synchronization

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Cathode Strip Chamber (CSC) Trigger Primitive Time Synchronization

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  1. Cathode Strip Chamber (CSC) Trigger Primitive Time Synchronization For the CSC Synchronization Taskforce: Greg Rakness University of California, Los Angeles CMS Electronics Week CERN 7 May 2009 G. Rakness (UCLA)

  2. Some details specific to CSC G. Rakness (UCLA)

  3. CSC Readout  CSC Trigger • CSC “zero-suppression” implemented by reading out data from a chamber which has a coincidence of (L1A * Local Charged Trigger)  CSC must trigger in order to readout This requires timing in the L1A to be coincident with the (delayed) LCT before data can be taken  Changes in the L1A latency require changes in L1A coincidence window timing G. Rakness (UCLA)

  4. Short CSC Synchronization History • Autumn 2006: CSC synchronization taskforce created • https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/bin/view/CMS/CSCsynchronization • Summer 2007: Initial synchronization procedure developed using cosmic rays on minus-side slice test • L1A coincidence windows opened up to 7bx on ALCT and TMB • Note: Final goal = 3bx windows • Trigger timed in on average • L1A coincidence window timing found • 2008: Synchronization procedures used during commissioning of CSC’s in UXC G. Rakness (UCLA)

  5. Trigger Channel Relative Synchronization Trigger Channel = CSC chamber G. Rakness (UCLA)

  6. S2C5-S3C6 S2C6-S3C5 S2C6-S3C4 S2C8-S3C7 S2C7-S3C6 S2C7-S3C8 D. Wang (UF) CSC Local Run#539 S2C8-S3C7 S2C9-S3C8 CSC Trigger Primitive Relative Synchronization Offline analysis of Local Charged Triggers at Sector Processor:  Plot bx for events with coincident LCTs for each chamber combination Some distributions: (bxchamber A – bxchamber B) … extract centroids and errors of each distribution to form a matrix of chamber-to-chamber relative synchronization… G. Rakness (UCLA)

  7. Relative Synchronization between Different Trigger Channels D. Wang (UF) Relative timing for chambers which trigger on the same cosmic ray muon is within ~0.15bx G. Rakness (UCLA)

  8. Adjustment of sampling time with respect to beam During CRUZET-3 a shift of 50 ns was implemented for strip signals. A. Kubik (Northwestern) G. Rakness (UCLA)

  9. Synchronization of Serial Links G. Rakness (UCLA)

  10. Serial Links in the CSC system • Serial links in the CSC system transport information from UXC  USC over optical fibers of different lengths… • Trigger path: • Muon Port Card (CSC trigger primitive)  Sector Processor (CSC Track Finder) • Clock and BGo commands: • TTCci  Clock and Control Boards (CCB) • CCB’s are in every CSC TF and CSC crate • TTCrq mezzanine board on CCB receives and interprets clock and BGo commands • CCB distributes clock and BGo commands to system G. Rakness (UCLA)

  11. Synchronizing Serial Links: Cold Start • At power-up, the TTCrq must be configured to set the delays and to correctly interpret BGo commands, using: • I2C(via VME in each crate) • “Broadcast long 0”(from TTCci) Time for cold start ~ 5 minutes G. Rakness (UCLA)

  12. TTC CCB SP MPC Synchronizing Serial Links: Warm start Clock and Control Board Timing, Trigger & Control Board Muon Port Card Sector Processor • At TTC “Resync,” MPC sends stream of negative signals • Sector Processor firmware contains “Asynchronous FIFO” which automatically aligns signals from all MPCs to correct for optical fiber differencesin 80MHz steps of AFD delay(L. Uvarov, PNPI) •  Fiber lengths from MPC to Sector Processor are equalized, assuming that TTC  CCB fiber lengths are equal G. Rakness (UCLA)

  13. AFD Delay vs. MPCSP fiber length J. Hauser (UCLA) M. Ignatenko (UCLA) Follows “staircase” pattern, as expected for 80MHz AFD granularity G. Rakness (UCLA)

  14. Synchronization of Trigger Data with BC0 • The synchronization procedure established in 2007 has a specific order to achieve • Trigger synchronization • L1A coincidence timing • Furthermore, TTC clock and signal distribution is needed… • Now BC0 synchronization is becoming a priority for CSC • The handles we have to make adjustments include… • Greg, fill in parameters from TMB and ALCT G. Rakness (UCLA)

  15. Topics to Cover • Methods used for validation of the time synchronization with… • Test patterns • Cosmic ray data Slide needs work… G. Rakness (UCLA)

  16. Latency G. Rakness (UCLA)

  17. CSC trigger latency • Currently have… • Detailed breakdown of TMB latency at • https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/bin/view/CMS/CSCTriggerLatency • Measurements of trigger signals compared with other subdetectors, such as RPC and DT… G. Rakness (UCLA)

  18. Position of RPC data in TMB FIFO 4 – 5 March 2009 MWGR Ring +1/2 Position of RPC data in TMB FIFO = 4.7bx … position of RPC data relative to the CLCT pretrigger = 2.7bx CLCT pretrigger Time (bx) Position of RPC data in TMB FIFO + CLCT pretrigger latency – RAT latency 2.7 + 17.4 – 7.7  RPC latency = 12.5bx G. Rakness (UCLA)

  19. RPC Estimate From a latency review in Nov. 2007: 1 = chambers + FEBs 4 = cables 3 = synchronizer 2 = coder 1 = slave-master transmission 0 = data delay 2 = muxer 13 = TOTAL compared with 12.5bx  Data consistent with combination of CLCT pretrigger latency estimate RPC LB estimate RAT latency estimate Can any delay be removed from RPC Link Board firmware? …Same exercise should be performed for DT  CSC trigger primitive exchange… G. Rakness (UCLA) 7

  20. How to go from cosmic rays to collisions… • Open up the L1A coincidence window for the CFEB • Trigger on the bottom Slide needs work… G. Rakness (UCLA)

  21. Tools to monitor time synchronization • During data taking… • Actions to be performed on errors… Slide needs work… G. Rakness (UCLA)

  22. Backup Slides G. Rakness (UCLA)

  23. Topics to Cover • Summary of the mechanisms in place to allow and guarantee time synchronization… • Adjustment of sampling time with respect to beam • Time alignment between data of different trigger channels in the subsystem • Synchronization of data with BC0 signal • Procedures used to establish synchronization of serial links used in the system: • Cold start • Warm start • Methods used for validation of the time synchronization with… • Test patterns • Cosmic ray data • Methods used to validate the total latency of the trigger subsystem • Tools used for monitoring of the time synchronization during data taking and actions taken on detected errors. G. Rakness (UCLA)

  24. CLCT Pretrigger Latency Estimate CFEB drift delay to last hit of 6 layers expected = 3.0 CMS setting assumed, CLCT lose ~10% of 6th hits, lower thresholds help Signal propagation on strips and CFEB cables = 0.8 Preamp latency = 1.0 Comparator delay for peaking time = 2 Configurable parameter: should study comparator and CLCT efficiency vs. value Comparator latency, clock to first triad = 2.0 CFEB mux to triads = 1.5 Average Skew Clear delay for ME+1/2-3 CSC’s = 2.1 Computed based on cable lengths + revision type TMB triad demux/synchronization = 0.0 TMB triad decoding to ½-strips = 2.0 TMB one-shots/pattern-matching = 2.0 CLCT pretrigger = 1.0 CLCT pretrigger latency = 17.4 bx Starting from J. Hauser (UCLA) spreadsheet, using current TMB documentation, removing (common) Time-Of-Flight 3/17/2009 Laria Redjimi CMS Trigger meeting G. Rakness (UCLA) 12

  25. G. Rakness (UCLA)