IMPORTANT TERMS Persephone/ProserpinaHades/AidoneiusCerberus Demeter/Ceres John William Waterhouse Dante Gabriel Rossetti Nicolo dell’Abate Charles de la Fosse Gianlorenzo Bernini Peter Paul Rubens Thomas Hart Benton Frederic Leighton Rape of Persephone Locri, votive relief, ca 480 BC
Demeter and Persephone IMPORTANT TERMS Hermes PsychopomposHomerIambeinsights gained from myth IronyMetaneira Monistmystery religionsooral composition PersephonerepetitionRheaRiver Styxuse of epithets Zeus/Kronides Aidoneus/HadesDemeterDemophoon DocetismdualismEleusisEleusinian MysteriesGaia gnosticismHekateHelios Demeter and Kore, “Exaltation Of the Flower”. Greek relief from Pharsale, 470-460 B.C.
Rape of Persephone Locri, votive relief, ca 480 BC
John William WaterhouseGather ye Rosebuds while ye maypainting date: 1909
Dante Gabriel RossettiThe Blessed Damozel1875-78Fogg Art Museum at Harvard University
Extra Credit to the first person who identifies the artist of this painting.
The Return of PersephoneFrederic Leighton1890-91 MORE IMAGES: http://web.uvic.ca/grs/bowman/myth/gods/hades_i.html
Homeric Hymn to Demeter • The Rape of Persephone (1-39) • II. The Search for Persephone (40-94) • III. Demeter at Eleusis (95-302) • IV. Famine and the Return of Persephone (303-470) Oral composition Use of epithets repetition
Greater Mysteries at Eleusis nine day festival every Sept.-Oct.procession of sacred objects from Eleusis to Athens convocation of initiates in Athenian agora ritual purification in the sea sacrifice of a pig procession back to Eleusis ritual of the Telesterion
Views of Reality in Myth of Demeter Homer: body and soul are one (Monist) Myth of Demeter: body and soul are separate (Dualist) Gnosticism: System of belief based upon secret teaching revealed only to initiates. Docetism: a form of gnosticism which teaches that our present life is only a shadow of the real, divine life.
Greek Marriage Customs in Myth of Demeter Older man and younger woman Women lived in house, men in public world Bride betrothed by father Hades and Persephone as loving couple
Gender Gap Importance of the mother/daughter bond Mother’s struggle to keep her child Male violence against women Limitations of the power of the woman in Greek society Matriarchy vs. patriarchy (Bachofen’s Mother Right 1861)
Insights into the Myth of Demeter Aetiological Historical Mystical or Metaphysical Cosmological Sociological Psychological Anthropological Oral composition Use of epithets repetition