Architectural styles And the elements that affect them
Architectural styles • Styles of the past reflect the culture of the past • Styles of the present reflect our current living habits • Styles of the future will be determined by advanced technology
1. Availability of building materials • When this land was first settled homes were homes were built from the materials that were readily available. • Eg. Grass houses in the prairies and wood house on the west coast because of lack of clay for bricks
2. Environment and climate • In many areas homes are built with the purpose of protection of the inhabitants • Examples would include houses built on stilts in flood plains, a tree house for the protection from animals, and having a basement to protect inhabitants from frost • Other examples include clay tiles in hot areas and stronger materials and better building practices in hurricane or tornado zones
Culture • In the past many dwellings were portable as people were continually moving in the search of food. • Today culture is also influencing the style of homes. Large apartment buildings and condo complexes are being built to increase the density on valuable land. • In areas where public transit does not exist, many people have two cars and require double car garages.
Economy & affordability • It is becoming more and more difficult for the average person to purchase a home and so there is a need for smaller less expensive homes. • Cost of material and land has risen dramatically which has resulted in smaller lots (this results in more 2 storey homes) • People move from job to job more often than they ever did and therefore house are built with the idea of resale in mind. • Windows are becoming smaller for energy conservation • Heat and hydro have become expensive so special efforts are now being made to take advantage of the sun.
5.Development of new building materials and building methods • Stronger and more versatile materials are being developed every day which leads to more freedom of design and construction or buildings that could not be constructed before. • Development of CAD Systems and renderings allow designs to “walk through” their designs
Homework assignment • I am providing you with a list of architectural styles you will be required to know for this course. I am going to start a google docs on the cloud and you will be required to access this document and add to it. This document will be a class study note, so make sure you contribute
Common residential styles • COLONIAL • GEORGIAN • SALT BOX • CAPE COD • FEDERAL • GREEK REVIVAL • FRENCH MANSARD • SPANISH • ITALIANATE • VICTORIAN • PRARIE • BUNGALOW • PRARIE • CRAFTSMAN • RANCH • CONTEMPORARY