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WHAT IS CULTURE. CULTURAL COMPONENTS http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L4sjd_hwpcE http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wyx053CNMag. THE GENERAL FEATURES OF CULTURE . Is learned through socialization and watching other people Is acquired and shown unconsciously

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what is culture

WHAT IS CULTURE

CULTURAL COMPONENTS

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L4sjd_hwpcE

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wyx053CNMag

the general features of culture
THE GENERAL FEATURES OF CULTURE

Is learned through socialization and watching other people

Is acquired and shown unconsciously

Parts may change over time but deeply-rooted values and traditions resist change

Is shared by all members of the group

Every culture works, despite how Stanger it may look to outsiders

As cultures age, they become more complicated with more rules

Culture is spread from one person to another; generation to generation

Aspects of culture are interrelated

A culture can believe it is superior to all others

Some aspects of culture are hidden

Some aspects of culture are restrcitive

what is culture1
WHAT IS CULTURE

Culture can be defined as

A learned pattern of values and behaviours that everyone in the group shares

These patterns and behaviours are passed on to new members by a process known as socialization

Each culture creates it’s own guidelines for governing its members

Culture includes both material and non material components

what is culture2
WHAT IS CULTURE

Material components

Things created by human beings such as buildings, automobiles, technology

Non material components

Behaviours, values and attitudes shared by groups of people

what is culture3
WHAT IS CULTURE

GUIDELINES

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ic3xNfEP_o
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4pOU-SKj9jQ
ways cultures distinguish themselves
WAYS CULTURES DISTINGUISH THEMSELVES

Cultures distinguish themselves by using different symbols

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RuNQwwlK3xg

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z3EvS467JK0

Some symbols are used worldwide

ways cultures distinguish themselves1
WAYS CULTURES DISTINGUISH THEMSELVES

Most cultures have slang terms particular to that group

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xUAn1iwCzZ4

Often slang expressions develop within a society’s subcultures

Slang can be used to keep people out of a particular group

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1dTuu1yjrIc

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vIsfjS5KLCE

traits complexes patterns
TRAITS, COMPLEXES, PATTERNS

Cultural traits

The smallest unit of a culture

Any individual tool, act or belief

Cultural complexes

forms when several interrelated cultural traits are joined together

The game of hockey requires both material traits like skates and pucks but also acts like passing and body checking

It has beliefs about fair and unfair called penalties

traits complexes patterns http www youtube com watch v mys w8dtf2e
TRAITS, COMPLEXES, PATTERNS http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mys-w8dTF2E

Cultural Patterns

The combination of a number of interrelated cultural complexes

There are cultural patterns in most aspects such as sports, religion, family life, business

In the cultural pattern of education it involves

Kindergarten

Elementary school

Junior high/middle school

High school

Post secondary

cultural variations
CULTURAL VARIATIONS

the things that are important to culture values vary from culture to culture

The differences in these values is called cultural variation

Causes of cultural variation in include

Geography

Different climates cause people to meet their needs in different methods

Isolation

Cultures that are isolated have less opportunity to share ideas, inventions or practices with other cultures

Inventions

Cultures with access to modern inventions and technology meet their needsi n different ways

sub cultures http www youtube com watch v mdybm7y9chc
SUB CULTURES http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mDYBM7y9CHc

Subculture

Is a group within a larger complex culture who have interests that vary from those in the mainstream culture

They reject some but not usually all of the values and practices of a the larger society

They may have their own style of dress, beliefs, customs and celebrations not shared by the larger group

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jRJ7pmif9Dc

cultural universals and alternatives http www youtube com watch v s7epwhb0qk0
CULTURAL UNIVERSALS AND ALTERNATIVES http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s7EpWhB0Qk0

Cultural Universals

Common features found in all cultures

George Murdock in the 1940s created list including

feasting

toolmaking

adorning the body

forms of greeting

dancing

housing

gift giving

handling the deceased

Cultural Alternatives

Choices that an individual can make that allow one to meet the requirements of a cultural universal

cultural change
CULTURAL CHANGE

Cultural Change happens for a number of reasons

Cultures adapt to change, ex: one child policy in China

All cultures combine a variety of attitudes, values, behaviours and customs

New cultural traits can spread from one society to another

Political change can alter a culture

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=URxwe6LPvkM

factors that resist cultural change http www youtube com watch v 6ai6k2viexm
FACTORS THAT RESIST CULTURAL CHANGE http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Ai6K2VIEXM

ENTHONCENTRISM http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zSJFBeVFtak

A groups belief that their culture is superior to all others. As a result people oppose change from outside their group

CULTURAL LAG http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YcaXce85STU

The period of time between the acceptance of an innovation and the completion of its integration into culture

VESTED INTERESTS http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IENnSK8Q6nE

People tend to resist any new idea that threatens their safety or their standard of living

case study the dvorak keyboard http www youtube com watch v izzmczt4mxa
CASE STUDY THE DVORAK KEYBOARD http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iZZmczt4MxA

In August 1932 August Dvorak devised a new typewriter keyboard that was vastly superior to the old one

On this keyboard you could type more than 3000 words on the home row compared to 50 on the QWERTY

Dvorak put all the vowels in his home row, under the fingers of the left hand

DVORAK rearranged things so that 70% of the work could be done in the home row, 22% in the row above, and 8% below

With QWERTY 32% is done in the home row, 52% above, 16% below

case study the dvorak keyboard http www youtube com watch v izzmczt4mxa1
CASE STUDY THE DVORAK KEYBOARD http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iZZmczt4MxA

Dvorak also made the right hand work harder gving it 56% of the load

On the QWERTY the left hand handles 57% of the work

Dvorak had a demonstration during world war II when he retrained 14 navy women to use his keybvoard

After month the women were turning out 74% more work and were 68% more accurate

The women using the DSK keyboard were moving their fingers a little more than a mile a day, compared to 12 to 20 miles a day for the QWERTY keyboard