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CDM Afforestation/Reforestation Projects: International workshop for developers and investors 26th - 28th April, Beijing. Monitoring CO2 reductions and other parameters of an A/R project Workshop 26.4.2010 Beijing Mr. Rodrigo Ferreira PLANTARCARBON. Rodrigo Ferreira Plantar Carbon Brazil

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slide1

CDM Afforestation/Reforestation Projects:International workshop for developers and investors26th - 28th April, Beijing

Monitoring CO2 reductions and other

parameters of an A/R project

Workshop 26.4.2010BeijingMr. Rodrigo Ferreira

PLANTARCARBON

Rodrigo Ferreira

Plantar Carbon

Brazil

Tel.: +55-31-3290-4528

Fax: +55-31-3290-4063

plantarcarbon@plantar.com.br

www.plantar.com.br

slide3

STOCK

USE

A/R

Decision 19/CP.9

GHG Net Removals

ENERGY

Decision 17/CP.7

Emission Reductions

Climate Benefits that are potentially associated to planted forest in its many sectors

Emission Reductions

process

Increasing Removals

how is the carbon credit generated
How is the “carbon credit” generated?

Baseline

GHG

Emissions

(E)

“Carbon Credits”

Project

Time (t)

monitoring process
Monitoring Process

“series of elements or interrelated components that collect (input), manipulate and store (process), disseminate (output).” (STAIR, 1998)

Processing

Input

(Monitored Data)

Output

(Emission Reductions)

Algorithm and/or formula defined by the baseline methodology

http://www.ppe.ufrj.br/ppe/production/tesis/pfernandez.pdf

cdm glossary
CDM Glossary
  • Monitoringofan A/R CDM projectactivity (A/R - SSC A/R)

Monitoring refers to the collection and archiving of all relevant data necessary for estimating or measuring the net anthropogenic GHG removals by sinks during the crediting period.

http://cdm.unfccc.int/Reference/Guidclarif/glos_CDM.pdf

cdm glossary1
CDM Glossary
  • Monitoring plan

Monitoring Plan shall include description of the proposed statistically sound sampling method/procedure to be used by DOEs for verification of the amount of reductions of anthropogenic emissions by sources or removals by sinks of greenhouse gases achieved by CPAs under the PoA.

http://cdm.unfccc.int/Reference/Guidclarif/glos_CDM.pdf

the marrakesh accords decision 17 cop 7
The Marrakesh Accords Decision 17 – COP 7

Project participants shall include, as part of the project design document, a monitoring planthatprovides for:

  • The collection and archiving of all relevant data necessary for estimating or measuring anthropogenic emissions by sources of greenhouse gases occurring within the project boundary during the crediting period;
  • The collection and archiving of all relevant data necessary for determining the baseline of anthropogenic emissions by sources of greenhouse gases within the project boundary duringthecreditingperiod;
  • The identification of all potential sources of, and the collection and archiving of data on, increased anthropogenic emissions by sources of greenhouse gases outside the project boundary that are significant and reasonably attributable to the project activity during the creditingperiod;
  • Quality assurance and control procedures for the monitoring process;
  • Procedures for the periodic calculation of the reductions of anthropogenic emissions by sources by the proposed CDM project activity, and for leakage effects.

http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/cop7/13a02.pdf

monitoring tools
Monitoring Tools
          • Ex-ante

TARAM – Tool for Afforestation and Reforestation Approved Methodologies – The BioCarbon Fund (World Bank) and CATIE

  • Ex-post

SMART – Simplified Monitoring Afforestation/Reforestation Tool – The BioCarbon Fund (World Bank) – UNDER DEVELOPMENT

what to monitor
What to monitor?

Source: TARAM 1.3

slide11

Basedon its pioneer CDM projects, and

withthesupportofthe World Bank’s

PrototypeCarbonFund, Plantar is about

to becomethefirstcompany in the

Brazilianironindustry, to have its iron

production 100% basedonsolid biofuels,

i.e. renewablecharcoal.

The Plantar Case

slide13

Additional benefits to the climate

Project Activity

Baseline

Project

Net CO2 removals/

4,5

MtCO2

Plantation Establishment

(Decision 19/CP.9)

New planted forests

Pastureland

Charcoal production with high levels of methane emissions

Improved carbonization process

CH4ERs

0,5 – 1

M tCO2e

Charcoal production with low levels of methane emissions

Pig iron production based on charcoal from planted forests

Pig iron production based on coal coke or non-renewable biomass

CO2 ERs

~8

MtCO2

Sustainable iron production

Cerrado restoration

Pastureland

Cerrado

470 ha

The Plantar Project Activities

Total: 12,8 million tCO2e over 28 years

slide14

X

Baseline scenario

Project scenario

The Forestry Activity

final remarks
Final remarks
  • The importance of monitoring projects
  • Challenges to project developers
slide18

Obrigado/Thank you!

Rodrigo Ferreira

plantarcarbon@plantar.com.br

www.plantar.com.br