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Puritans and Other Early Colonies

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  1. Puritans and Other Early Colonies And probably some other stuff…

  2. Roger Williams • Separation of church and state • Banished to RI • Free religion • Voters did not have to be church members Puritan Intolerance

  3. Anne Hutchinson • She was smart, well-educated, and powerful • And she was a WOMAN • Many turned against her in MA • Tried for heresy, and convicted • BANISHED to RI, the armpit of MA Puritan Intolerance

  4. Between 1649-1660, Puritans to New England slowed to a halt • Oliver Cromwell ruled England as a republic • Had a Constitution • Died in 1658 • By 1660, the Stuarts restored the throne • Interregnum: between kings: Puritans had prosperity in England, even if it was brief… • Stuarts took over, Puritans began emigrating again Puritan Emigration

  5. Very different lives • Entire families emigrated to New England • Single males to Virginia • Climate was more suitable in N.E. and people lived longer • Stronger sense of community in N.E. • Towns were closer in N.E. • Both groups were religious, but who was by far the most religious of the two?????? A summary of New England and Chesapeake

  6. Part II: Other Early Colonies: Thanks to King Charles II! A summary of many of the early colonies and how they got started

  7. Massachusetts settlers began to look for new places to live • CT valley was a good place • Lots of access to the sea for trade • Area was inhabited by Pequots, who attacked a settlement in Wakefield and killed nine colonists • MA Bay members burned the main Pequot village, killing 400, including men, women, and children MA and Pequot War

  8. Proprietorship (owned by one person) • CT was one example (John Winthrop I believe…) • MD was another; granted to Calvert (Lord Baltimore) • Calvert declared MD a haven for Catholics, but also for all Christians to have religious tolerance Connecticut and Maryland

  9. A royal gift to James, the king’s brother • Much of the area was New Netherland, a Dutch settlement • Dutch didn’t think much of area other than a trading post • After English invaded, Dutch allowed to stay, and made up a lot of NY population for years New York

  10. King gave New Jersey to a couple of friends (political allies) • The friends then turned around and gave it back to the crown, and it became a royal colony again! • It was not a profitable colony • No major cities developed there at that time New Jersey

  11. King Charles II gave PA to William Penn, a close friend • Charles felt that Quakers were “dangerous radicals”, as did many at this time • But he and Penn were friends, and with his desire to get the Quakers as far away from England as possible, he gave them PA • Penn established liberal policies toward religious freedom and civil liberties in PA • PA became one of the fastest growing colonies Pennsylvania

  12. Initially just Carolina, another proprietary colony • Split in two in 1729 due to conflict between the proprietors • NC was settled by Virginians and was run like VA North Carolina

  13. The other half of the split • Settled by descendants of Englishmen who had colonized Barbados • Settlers from Barbados were the first Englishmen in the New World who had seen widespread slavery at work • This was really what marked the beginning of the slave era in the colonies South Carolina

  14. Georgia - the last of the colonies • A philanthropic experiment and buffer from the Spanish • General James Oglethorpe was its founder Georgia