Virtualization • What is virtualization? • Different Computing Models • Traditional App/Server • Virtual Server model • Massively virtualized model (Cloud) • Why Virtualization makes sense?
Virtualization - Green Focus The Reality: • Most servers only use 5-15% of their capabilities on average, while consuming 60-90% of their peak power. The Solution - Virtualization: • Use one server to host multiple applications. • Reduce energy consumption • Reduce CO2 emissions Running fewer, highly utilized servers frees up space and power. Less space and power is better for environment and saves money.
Virtualization - Why Virtualize? • Reduce Real Estate Needs • Increase Up Time • Reduce CO2 Emmissions, Power and Cooling Requirements • Increase Flexibility • Reduce Overall Costs
Cloud Computing - What is it? NIST definition: or ... Cloud Computing is the delivery of computing as a service Three primary types of cloud offerings: • Software as a Service (SaaS) • Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) • Platform as a Service (PaaS)
Cloud Computing - Services Software as a Service - SaaS Platform as a Service - PaaS Infrastructure as a Service - IaaS
Cloud Computing - Key Components • Pay as you go • Access from anywhere, anytime, any device • Economy of scale • Flexibility • Expertly Managed
Cloud Computing - Green - PUE • How efficient is your data-center? • PUE = Power Usage Effectiveness
Cloud Computing and Green IT GSA's Cloud Platforms PUE Salesforce: 1.5 --- Google: 1.2 Salesforce is co-located in highly efficientdata centers. Google manages their own data centers.
GSA's Cloud Computing Capabilities • GSA is leading the federal government in the adoption and use of Cloud Computing • First Federal Agency to use cloud based email/collaboration solution • Data.gov first of its kind, cloud based platform • Many websites and applications hosted in the cloud • Much more to come. • GSA Offers our federal customers: • Expertise • Acquisition vehicles
GSA's Cloud Computing Capabilities Expertise: • GSA is the government-wide leader in implementing cloud security - Providing C&A and authorizations for over 12 cloud vendors. • GSA is leading the FedRAMP effort with NIST and DHS to standardize cloud security. • GSA has implemented five cloud based solutions in the last 12 months in the areas of SaaS, PaaS and IaaS. • GSA is a member of the Federal Cloud Computing Working Group under the CIO Council to advise the government on using cloud computing Resources: • Office of the CIO (Fred Wuensch) • Office of Citizen Services and Inn. Tech (Bajinder Paul)
GSA's Cloud Computing Capabilities Acquisition Vehicles: • Infrastructure as a Service BPA (IaaS): • 10 cloud vendors available and authorized for federal customers • FedRAMP compliant • Email as a Service BPA (EaaS): • Under review - Multiple vendors offering Email systems in the cloud • FAS Alliant Vehicle: • Flexible vehicle to acquire cloud solutions and services • Government friendly terms of service for public domain cloud tools (Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, etc.) - Apps.gov • Assisted acquisition support via FAS AAS. Resources: • Stan Kaczmarczyk - FAS ITS • Bajinder Paul - OCSIT
Conclusion Virtualization provides increased efficiency and energy savings for existing data-centers and private clouds. Cloud Computing provides computing as a service while allowing proven experts to manage data-centers efficiently. References for Google and Salesforce - • Google - http://www.google.com/intl/en/corporate/datacenter/ • Salesforce - http://www.salesforce.com/company/sustainability/