Safeguarding Children: A Shared Responsibility. To raise awareness of how to keep children safe and what to do if concerns arise. Identify the major signs and symptoms of child abuse Describe what to do if there are concerns regarding the safety and welfare of a child
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Section 13 of the Children Act 2004 requires each local authority to establish a Local Safeguarding Children Board (LSCB) for their area and specifies the organisations and individuals (other than the local authority) that should be represented on LSCBs.
Statutory objectives and functions of LSCBs
Section 14 of the Children Act 2004 sets out the objectives of LSCBs, which are: (a) to coordinate what is done by each person or body represented on the Board for the purposes of safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children in the area; and(b)to ensure the effectiveness of what is done by each such person or body for those purposes.
1(a) Developing policies and procedures for safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children in the area of the authority, including policies and procedures in relation to:
(b) communicating to persons and bodies in the area of the authority the need to safeguard and promote the welfare of children, raising their awareness of how this can best be done and encouraging them to do so;
(c) monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of what is done by the authority and their Board partners individually and collectively to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and advising them on ways to improve;
(d) participating in the planning of services for children in the area of the authority; and
(e) undertaking reviews of serious cases and advising the authority and their Board partners on lessons to be learned.
(WTSC 2013 Ch 3)
Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO) Allegations made against professionals.
CSC increased their contact and monitoring throughout April and May 2013. They became aware of WM’s new partner who had a criminal history and connections to drugs and gangs.
In June 2013, without the knowledge of other agencies, WM’s new partner was bailed to WM’s home address. On 14th June CSC informed WM that the children and her new partner should not be at the same address.
On 15th June Child W was taken from his home address by emergency ambulance and was pronounced dead.
Aspects of procedure and practice in relation to police and court bail do not address potential risk to children.
Aspects of Assessment and thresholds for intervention cause confusion and may have unintended consequences
Parental use of Cannabis (and to a lesser extent alcohol) is not given sufficient weighting as a negative factor.
Raise awareness via media and publicity campaign
Training programme regarding Compromised Care
Access to online training re substance misuse
Review screening and assessment tools
QA training regarding messages
Activity - flipchart
Emotional abuse is the persistent emotional maltreatment of a child such as to cause severe and persistent adverse effects on that child’s emotional development.
It may involve conveying to a child they are worthless or unloved, inadequate,or valued only insofar as they meet the needs of another person. It may include not giving the child opportunities to express their views, deliberately silencing them or ‘making fun’ of what they say or how they communicate. It may feature age or developmentally inappropriate expectations being imposed on children. These may include interactions that are beyond a child’s developmental capability, as well as overprotection and limitation of exploration and learning, or preventing the child participating in normal social interaction.
It may involve seeing or hearing the ill treatment of another. It may involve serious bullying (including cyber bullying), causing children frequently to feel frightened or in danger, or the exploitation or corruption of children. Some level of abuse is involved in all types of maltreatment of a child, though it may occur alone.
The nationally agreed definition of Child Sexual Exploitation which will be utilised across Merseyside will be:
‘Any incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive or threatening behaviour, violence or abuse between those aged 16 or over who are or have been intimate partners or family members regardless of gender or sexuality.
This can encompass, but is not limited to, the following types of abuse:
‘Controlling behaviour is: a range of acts designed to make a person subordinate and/or dependent by isolating them from sources of support, exploiting their resources and capacities for personal gain, depriving them of the means needed for independence, resistance and escape and regulating their everyday behaviour.
‘Coercive behaviour is: an act or a pattern of acts of assault, threats, humiliation and intimidation or other abuse that is used to harm, punish, or frighten their victim.”
This definition, which is not a legal definition, includes so called ‘honour’ based violence, female genital mutilation (FGM) and forced marriage, and is clear that victims are not confined to one gender or ethnic group.
Operation Encompass MARAC/MERIT
Compromised Care includes Learning Disabilities and Offending Behaviour
Mental Health Issues
Single Assessments (Child and Family Assessment)
Signs of Safety
Graded Care Profile
Vigilance: to have adults notice when things are troubling them
Understanding and action: to understand what is happening; to be heard and understood; and to have that understanding acted upon
Stability: to be able to develop an on-going stable relationship of trust with those helping them
Respect: to be treated with the expectation that they are competent rather than not
Information and engagement: to be informed about and involved in procedures, decisions, concerns and plans
Explanation: to be informed about the outcome of assessments and decisions and reasons when their views have not met a positive response
Support: to be provided with support in their own right as well as a member of their own family
Advocacy: to be provided to assist them in putting forward their views
Simon is 10 years old. He appears much smaller than his peers. His clothing is often older and tattier than other children. He often gets teased because he smells funny and his teacher tells you that Simon has been seen taking food from other pupils’ lunchboxes. His attendance is poor and when he does attend he regularly comes into school with headlice, parents have been spoken to regarding this but they are disinterested. On a few occasions mum has arrived at school under the influence of alcohol. The school have been informed by police that there has been a second incident of domestic violence at the home last night; Simon was present and witnessed mum being held up against the wall by her boyfriend. A neighbour had reported hearing Simon crying and shouting ‘stop it!’
What should happen to safeguard Simon? Signs of Safety?
What services are available locally?