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NDMO Case Study: HAWAII, USA EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND TSUNAMI PREPAREDNESS. IOC Expert Missions May-August, 2005. Hawaii Hazard and Risk Analysis. Low Risk. High Risk. Hazards. 0. 2. 4. 6. 8. 10. Hurricane Flash Flood Tsunami Earthquake Volcano

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
NDMO Case Study:HAWAII, USAEMERGENCY RESPONSE AND TSUNAMI PREPAREDNESS

IOC Expert Missions

May-August, 2005

slide2
Hawaii Hazard and Risk Analysis

Low Risk

High Risk

Hazards

0

2

4

6

8

10

Hurricane

Flash Flood

Tsunami

Earthquake

Volcano

Subsidence/Landslide

Urban Fire

Power Failure

Wild Fire

HAZMAT(trans & oil spill)

Drought

Aircraft Incident

HAZMAT(fixed)

Tornado

Dam Failure

Radiologic(incl Marine)

Civil Disorder

Sharks

Risk Ranking includes likelihood and effect on population and property

major natural disaster fatalities in hawaii during the 20 th century
Major Natural Disaster Fatalities in Hawaii during the 20th Century
  • 13 Pacific-wide tsunamis hit the Hawaiian Islands.
  • The three most destructive tsunamis caused a combined total of 222 deaths and hundreds of injuries:
    • April 1, 1946 (Aleutian Islands)
    • May 23, 1960 (Chile)
    • November 29, 1975 (Kalapana)
maximum run ups in hawaii from 13 pacific wide tsunamis
Maximum Run-ups in Hawaii from 13 Pacific-wide Tsunamis

“RUNUP” = Coastal wave heights above mean sea level, as measured by debris on shore.

slide7
Hawaii Civil Defense System

MISSION

  • Minimize loss of life and property
  • Provide for welfare & safety of citizens
  • Restore vital services
  • Provide for continuity of government
  • Manage resources for recovery

AUTHORITIES

  • Federal, State laws
  • Governor’s Directive to lead Emergency Response
slide8
Pre-Event

Preparedness

Mitigation

Plans

Information

Training

Education

Resources

Insurance Coverage

Regulations

Codes

Legislation

Comprehensive

Emergency

Management

Response

Recovery

Funding

Loans

Grants

Assistance

Insurance

Alert

Notification

Law Enforcement

Fire/Rescue

Medical

Utilities

Post-Event

slide9
Hawaii Civil Defense System

Federal Agencies

State Agencies

County Agencies

Private Supporting Agencies

slide10
INTERNATIONAL TSUNAMI HAZARD MITIGATION

WARNING CENTER OPERATORS

Pacific, Indian Ocean, Caribbean, Mediterranean Tsunami Warning Centers

GLOBAL

REGIONAL

NATIONAL

TSUNAMI SCIENTISTS

University and

Govt Researchers

EMERGENCY MANAGERS

Civil Defense

Local Authorities

Comprehensive Tsunami Risk Reduction

Stakeholders build Tsunami Resilient Community

sense ing a tsunami
SENSE-ing a Tsunami
  • TOUCH
    • Strong local earthquakes may cause tsunamis.
    • FEELthe ground shaking severely? Evacuate low-lying coastal areas and move inland to higher ground!
  • SIGHT
    • As a tsunami approaches shorelines, water may recede from the coast, exposing the ocean floor and reefs.
    • SEEan unusual disappearance of water? Evacuate low-lying coastal areas and move inland to higher ground!
  • SOUND
    • The abnormal ocean activity, a wall of water, and approaching tsunami waves create a loud “roaring” sound similar to that of a train or jet aircraft.
    • HEARthe roar? Evacuate low-lying coastal areas and move inland to higher ground!
slide12
Emergency Communications

Sirens Emergency Alert System

Radios

Telephones/Hotlines

Wire

Data Systems

Satellite

statewide siren warning system
Statewide Siren Warning System
  • 356 total sirens Statewide:
    • Kauai 47
    • Oahu 176
    • Maui 66
    • Big Island 67
  • All sirens are radio controlled.
  • New sirens are solar powered.
how it works emergency alert system eas
How it Works(Emergency Alert System, EAS):

BROADCASTERS

Audio & Crawlers

Audio

Activated by: National Weather Service State Civil Defense County Civil Defense

EAS Audio & Alarm

slide16
Emergency Alert System (EAS) SCD EOC (located in Diamond Head crater) initiates public message, which transmits immediately by dedicated microwave link to designated, pre-arranged radio stations on neighbor islands for broadcast; TV broadcasts (crawlers) originate from Honolulu
slide17
Telephones

Governor

NAWAS

HAWAS

SWP/HPD

OCDA EOC

National Guard

Hotlines

CINCPAC

USARPAC/AUTOVON

Secure Phone(STU III)

Facsimile

Satelllite System

60-Channel Recorder (radio & wire)

Computer Notifier System

After-Hours Coverage

Emergency Communications

- Systems tested weekly

slide18
Emergency Management Data Systems

STATE EOC

Six Servers (Including Backup)

SUN Sparc Stations (email & web site)

Micron NT Servers (Office automation)

FIBER OPTIC

CONNECTIVITY

Maui PDC

Statewide

Nationwide

STATE DIGITAL

MICROWAVE

wide area network

PC’s-Oahu,Kauai,

Maui,Hawaii EOC’s

LOCAL AREA NETWORK

Workstations, Printers,

Scanners, CD Rom Tower

SATELLITE BACKUP,

WIRELESS LINKS

Connecting County EOC’s

slide19
Interisland Data System

Electronic Bridge

State Civil Defense

National Weather Service

Pacific Tsunami Warning Center

County Civil Defense Agencies -

Kauai, Maui, Hawaii

Oahu Civil Defense Agency

EOC

County Warning Pts (police)

National Weather Service

EOC

State Warning Pt (police)

System includes NWS satellite data & weatherfax; Network tested daily

slide20
DISTANT THREAT: Aleutian Generated Tsunami

4 Hours and 20 Min Travel Time

First Impact: Port Allen, Kauai (northwest island)

slide21
DISTANT THREAT:Chilean Generated Tsunami

13 Hours and 36 Min Travel Time

First impact: Hilo, Hawaii (southeast island)

distant tsunami warning evacuation
Distant TsunamiWarning & Evacuation
  • PTWC issues Tsunami Watch and Warning Bulletins to the State of Hawaii for distant earthquakes magnitude 7.9 or greater.
  • Emergency Operation Centers (EOC) activate and alert emergency response agencies.
  • EOC coordinate siren sounding statewide at least 3 hours before 1st wave arrival in conjunction with radio and television Emergency Alert System (EAS) broadcasts.
  • EOC coordinate school closures and release of government workforce within tsunami evacuation zones.
  • EOC prepare for disaster response operations.
oahu bus routes roadblocks
Oahu Bus Routes & Roadblocks
  • City buses along the shoreline will alter their routes and shuttle people to the nearest inland shelter.
  • Policewillestablish roadblocks 45 minutes prior to first wave arrival.
  • All emergencyresponse personnelwillcease operations and move inland to safety 30 minutes prior to first wave arrival.
  • Special concern in Hawaii is education of surfers – tsunamis are not surfing waves!
local tsunami warning evacuation
Local TsunamiWarning & Evacuation
  • PTWC issues an urgent tsunami warning for local earthquakes magnitude 6.9 or greater.
  • County Warning Points sound sirens in designated Counties (e.g. Hawaii and Maui Counties).
  • National Weather Service broadcasts warning and evacuation through the EAS.
  • EOC activate and prepare for disaster response operations.
public safety notification all clear
Public Safety Notification“ALL CLEAR”
  • PTWC will cancel the tsunami warning when destructive waves have ceased.
  • Search & Rescue operations commence.
  • County Civil Defense agencies announce “All Clear” over radio and television. No sirens will sound.
  • Public may return to coastlines after “All Clear” is announced.
purpose
PURPOSE
  • The statewide distant tsunami exercise will focus on Hawaii’s ability to respond to a distant tsunami from the Aleutian Islands in Alaska.
  • The exercise provides an opportunity for participants to review their distant tsunami response procedures and to promote emergency preparedness.
  • The exercise is planned by SCD with PTWC, who plays by issuing prescripted voice messages on the HAWAS and sending other electronic and hard copy messages.
exercise objectives
EXERCISE OBJECTIVES
  • Validate:
    • Warning and Communications Procedures for a distant generated tsunami.
    • Organizational Emergency Procedures.
  • Review:
    • Organization Procedures for Evacuation:
      • Inland Evacuations
      • Vertical Evacuations
      • Public Transportation
  • Kick off “April Tsunami Awareness Month” Public Awareness Campaign.
participants all stakeholders
PARTICIPANTS – all stakeholders
  • COUNTY: OCDA , MCDA, KCDA, HCDA & CWPs
  • STATE: SCD, HING, DOE, DHRD, DBEDT,

SLEC, DOT

  • FEDERAL: PTWC, NWS, ITIC, USCG, JTF-HD, FEMA, Fed Exec Board
  • OTHER: ARC, HTA, HHSA, HSVOAD, PDC, CAP,

HEI, Pacific Tsunami Museum, RACES,

Private Industry

exercise scenario
EXERCISE SCENARIO

10:15 a.m. An earthquake greater than 8.0 magnitude occurs in the vicinity of the Alaska Aleutian Islands.

10:25 a.m. Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC) issues a Tsunami Watch Bulletin for the State of Hawaii. First wave arrival to Hawaii is 4 hrs 30 mins after earthquake origin time.

11:45 a.m. Hawaii placed in a Tsunami Warning (3 hours before first wave arrival at 2:45 p.m.) Statewide siren sounding (monthly Siren System test).

2:45 p.m. First wave arrival.

3:30 p.m. End of Exercise.

exercise planning dates
Exercise Planning Dates
  • Feb 23 Exercise Mtg (8:30 a.m.) at Radisson Prince Kuhio Hotel
  • Mar 29 Media Press Conference
  • Apr 1 Siren Sounding

Statewide Tsunami Exercise

For more info,

contact Hawaii State Civil Defense

policy and planning design guidance
POLICY AND PLANNINGDesign Guidance

http://www.tsunamiwave.info/library/pubs/preparedness/preparedness.html

slide35
EXAMPLE, HAWAII:

STAKEHOLDER COORDINATION MECHANISM

IMPLEMENTATION, POLICY, EMERGENCY RESPONSE, PUBLIC AFFAIRS AND MEDIA, OUTREACH, EDUCATION

hawaii tsunami technical review committee ttrc
HAWAII TSUNAMI TECHNICALREVIEW COMMITTEE (TTRC)
  • Reduce risk of tsunamis to State of HawaiiFounded 1998, meets 2x/year Funded by State & NOAA(NTHMP)
  • Scientists, engineers, planners, Emergency managers, public affairs personnel

NOAA, FEMA, USACE, USCG, DOD, FEB, Univ. Hawai`i, Pacific Disaster Center, Red Cross, Pacific Tsunami Museum,State & Local Agencies (DOE, DBEDT, DOT, DLNR, CZM, Warning Points, Civil Defense, Tsunami advisors)

hawaii ttrc
HAWAII TTRC
  • Activities

Hazard ID, Risk Assessment, Warning Guidance Awareness and Mitigation

  • Recent TTRC Agenda Topics
  • PTWC Operations Report
  • Runup and Inundation Modelling – Evacuation Maps
  • Tsunami Observer Program, Post-Tsunami Survey Plan
  • Multi-Level Regional Warning and Coastal Evacuation
  • Statewide Exercise - Local Tsunami
  • Public Affairs Working Group Activities (Awareness Month)
  • Event Response, “Expert” Contact List, Press Pool, Web
  • Social Science Perspectives on Tsunami Warnings
  • Maritime operations during tsunami events –
  • Ocean Currents in Harbors, Shipping ports, boating safety
  • Civil Air Patrol Capabilities
  • Working Groups: Emergency Mgmt, Scientific , Public Affairs
slide38
Public Affairs Working GroupHawaii TTRCNOAA, SCD, C&C Honolulu Public Affairs OfficersITIC, Pacific Tsunami Museum, Tsunami Survivor
1986 1994 tsunami warnings media reports
1986, 1994 Tsunami WarningsMedia Reports
  • Pacific -wide Tsunami Warnings Issued Sirens sounded, Statewide evacuations Small, non-destructive tsunamis
  • 1986 - mid-afternoon to pm rush hour 1994 - early morning to am rush hour
  • Losses 1994 (DBEDT Study) => $50M 1986 (extrapolated) => $30M 2003 (extrapolated) => $68M
  • Media reports shape public opinion
hawaii tsunami awareness month organized by hawaii ttrc pawg
Hawaii Tsunami Awareness Month(Organized by Hawaii TTRC PAWG)
  • TAM Proclamations by Governor
  • Recognition of Tsunami Survivors by Governor, State Legislature
  • Statewide Tsunami Exercise, April 1st
hawaii tsunami awareness month activities targeting specific groups
Hawaii Tsunami Awareness MonthActivities Targeting Specific Groups
  • Schools
    • Evacuation Drills
    • Science and Preparedness education (safety materials, Kid Science educational videos)
  • Tourists
    • Safety ads - Waikiki Beach Press free newspaper
    • Workshop for Hotel Association, Labor Union and Hotel Security Reps
  • Minorities
    • Safety ads - minority publications
hawaii tsunami awareness month distribution of calendar of events
Hawaii Tsunami Awareness MonthDistribution of Calendar of Events
  • Briefings of Legislature
  • Media Workshop (tsunamis, warning procedures)
  • Public Events/Displays - tsunami awareness
  • Talks at Public Libraries
  • Hawaii Public Television Kid Science Show (3 programs on tsunamis/1 hour each)
  • Appearances on Radio Talk Shows
  • Special Displays/Tours at Pacific Tsunami Museum
  • Public Service Announcements (text not video)
  • Public Open House at PTWC (Fri/Sat in April)
slide43
Any Questions?

Prepared by:

Brian S. Yanagi

Hawaii State Civil Defense ,Earthquake, Tsunami, Volcano Programs, byanagi@scd.hawaii.gov

For further information, contact:

Laura Kong

Director, International Tsunam Information Centre

l.kong@unesco.org, itic.tsunami@noaa.gov

hilo april 19461
Hilo, April 1946

Hatada Bakery on top a Boxcar

tsunami awareness month 2004 upcoming events
Tsunami Awareness Month 2004Upcoming Events

March 28Annual Shinmachi Reunion Potluck, Wailoa State Park,Big Island

March 29Workshop for Hotel Security Assn., Media, “Tsunami! Mother Nature’s Weapon of Mass Destruction”, Neal Blaisdell Center, 2 sessions

March 30/April 1Public Access TV, Channel 52, Special on Tsunami Awareness, Donna Saiki, Director Pacific Tsunami Museum, Hilo

tsunami awareness month 2004
Tsunami Awareness Month 2004

April 1Statewide

Urgent Local

Tsunami

Exercise 11:15 a.m. – 12:15 p.m.

April 2Memorial Program for Laupahoehoe School and Community, Big Island, “Memories Behind Us, Friends Beside Us & Dreams Before Us”

April 3, 17Shinmachi Saturday at the Pacific Tsunami Museum, Hilo, Free admission to anyone who can trace their family to a Shinmachi history

tsunami awareness month 20041
Tsunami Awareness Month 2004

April 4Tsunami Information Booth at E Malama I Ke Kai Ocean Awareness Festival, Bishop Museum, Honolulu

April 10Fundraiser Dinner for Pacific Tsunami Museum, Waikiki Yacht Club, Honolulu

April 2216th Annual Earth Day Fair and Environmental EducationForum, Hilo

May 232nd Annual Tsunami Story Festival tocommemorate 1960 Chilean tsunami, sponsored by Pacific Tsunami Museum, Sangha Hall, Hilo.

hawaii tsunami awareness month new tools developed
Hawaii Tsunami Awareness MonthNew Tools Developed
  • Tsunami Webpage for Media (www.prh.noaa.gov/itic/media)
  • Publications

Educational video

  • Educational giveaways

(bookmarks, magnets,

luggage tags, highlighters)

  • Public Service Announcements (text not video)
  • Educational Curriculum (in the works)
messages promoted by pawg tsunami safety preparedness
Messages Promoted by PAWGTsunami Safety & Preparedness

1. If you are near the coast & feel the earth shake so hard you cannot stand up, move immediately inland and to higher ground. Ground shaking means that an earthquake has occurred and a tsunami may follow.

2. Know in advance whether or not you live in an evacuation area. Evacuation maps and shelter locations are found in the front of the Hawaii telephone book white pages.

3. Develop a family emergency plan and decide where you will meet if separated, how you will stay in contact, where you will seek shelter, and what you will take if you must evacuate.

4. Be prepared with food, water, and supplies to last for 3 days or until the “all clear” is announced.

other tsunami efforts
OTHER TSUNAMI EFFORTS
  • State, County Tsunami Advisors (TA)

Science liaison to Emergency Managers during alarms

On-call 24x7 with pagers

  • Tsunami Alert System - PDC, SCD, ITIC

PTWC-triggered alert for

Emergency Managers,

Tsunami Advisors

Auto tsunami info paging,

web archiving/display,

travel time calculation

slide55
TSUNAMI ALERT and NOTIFICATION

20 Latest Msgs posted to PDC Website

In Hawaii, from NWS, PTWC, JTWC

TTT/TWATCH auto-triggered. Tsunami Travel Time map auto-posted to PDC Website, emailed to subscribers

Tsunami Bulletins from PTWC & ATWC

Message Preprocessor

Triggered by Tsunami Bulletins to generate earthquake map and tsunami travel time contour map.

Extracts data from message

Automated paging to selected pagers

Automatic parsing of bulletins to transmit selected textual information to pagers / text-capable cell phones. Paging criteria: Hawaii earthquakes = 5.5, Alaska = 7.0, Distant  = 7.5

a real tsunami event what happens
A Real Tsunami Event - what happens

1. Media receive the bulletins at same time rest of us do.

2. Media will call anyone and everyone for statements not only for updates but to fill time.

3. They especially want to know definitions of a watch and a warning. They may want soundbites.

4. In Hawaii, most of the tsunami experts are either state or county advisors, meaning they are on duty at EOC and not available to respond to media calls.

5. PTWC telephone lines all busy. Recording is not automatically updated and often has old information. Watchstanders not available to respond to media calls.

6. Public Affairs Officers, ITIC librarian, and WCM become main spokespersons - Busy answering phone calls, not only from local media, but from national and international media.

7. Media webpage needs to be another source of ref info.

lessons learned 25 sept 2003 hokkaido
Lessons Learned25 Sept 2003, Hokkaido

1. Need to anticipate questions & develop talking points scripts for commonly asked questions

2. Need robust hotline out of PTWC so they can provide updates to PRH, HFO, others (phone, pagers)

3. Need way to update the phone recordings (PTWC, ITIC, PRH) automatically or in real time

4. Need to be prepared to answer questions about both PTWC and WC/ATWC operations as well as impacts along the west coast AND Hawaii/Pacific region

5. Need to better manage media, consider creating a press pool (at the EOC, television station, HFO)

other tsunami efforts1
OTHER TSUNAMI EFFORTS
    • Post-Tsunami Scientific Survey Plan
  • Immediate local response to collect perishable data
  • Post-Disaster Technical Clearinghouse -

SCD TTRC/HSEAC, PDC, ITIC

Multi-Hazard, incl terrorism

Facilitate gathering, immediate post-event data sharing

Electronic data archiving and

access to secure server

slide59
MAJOR DISASTER

Coordination Process

FEMA National

Governor

Director Civil Defense

Command Group

State Departments

and Agencies (19)

Federal Response Plan

12 Emergency Support Functions

Red Cross

FEMA

SBA

National Guard

USARPAC Liaison

Coast Guard Liaison

Corps of Engineers

Civil Air Patrol Liaison

VOAD Liaison

Salvation Army

FEMA DFO

Fed Coordinating Officer

State Liaison Officer

State EOC

State Coordinating Officer

County EOC

Deputy Director

Field Response Elements

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