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Verb Tenses. How to distinguish different verb tenses when tutoring. WHY THE TOPIC?. During the tutoring session, I believe that many tutees often write their essays with wrong verb tenses. I want to learn it myself. IMPORTANCE FOR CORRECT VERB TENSES. Clear and easy to understand

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verb tenses

Verb Tenses

How to distinguish different verb tenses when tutoring

why the topic
WHY THE TOPIC?
  • During the tutoring session, I believe that many tutees often write their essays with wrong verb tenses.
  • I want to learn it myself.
importance for correct verb tenses
IMPORTANCE FOR CORRECT VERB TENSES
  • Clear and easy to understand
  • Consistency
  • To express the event with proper verb tenses
how to find the verb
HOW TO FIND THE VERB?
  • Underline the possible verbs that show or imply some action.
  • Change the time of the sentence and find the word that changes.
  • *Some verbs may contain two words “ex: I am going to school.”

(from Judy’s grammar package)

editing advice
EDITING ADVICE
  • Do all the verbs belong to the time cluster (present, past, or future) in one paragraph?
  • If yes, ask yourself that does each verb convey precisely the time you had in mind, the relationship to other times or actions, and the idea of an action completed or in progress?
  • If no, look carefully at the verbs that do not fit. Is there a reason for the switch in time? Then, rewrite the verb that provides the appropriate indication of time.

(from Ann Raime’s grammar toublespots)

overview
OVERVIEW

1. Present

2. Past

3. future

overview7
OVERVIEW

A. Simple tenses

B. Progressive tenses

C. Perfect tenses

D.*Perfect progressive tenses (decided not to cover here)

slide8

NOW

PAST

FUTURE

1 assignments that may use present tenses
1.ASSIGNMENTS THAT MAY USE PRESENT TENSES
  • The assignment that talks about “who I am.”
  • The assignment that compares the new grading system with the old one (writing about the new system).
  • The assignment that introduces ourselves.
meaning
MEANING
  • Activities or events that occurring in the present.
  • Summarizing pieces of writing, films, plays.
  • Stating ongoing opinions, beliefs, habits, and facts.
  • Ex: I ride a bike to school everyday.
  • (from Judy’s grammar package)
verbs in the simple present tense
Singular:

Writes

Studies

walks

Plural:

Write

Study

Walk

Verbs in the simple present tense
meaning15
MEANING
  • One thing happened in the past, and is in progress at the present time, and probably will continue.
  • Ex: I am washing the dishes.
examples for verbs in the present progressive sentences
Examples for verbs in the present progressive sentences

am walking

is + doing

are staying

(verb + ing)

meaning19
MEANING
  • The action happened before now.
  • The exact time is not important.
  • Ex: She has already dropped the class.
participle
PARTICIPLE
  • wanted, turned, dropped
  • hurt, come, build
  • felt, gone, hidden
  • blown, grown, known
  • begun, rung, swum
2 assignments that may use past tenses
(2)ASSIGNMENTS THAT MAY USE PAST TENSES
  • The assignment that compares the new grading system with the old one (writing about the old system).
  • The assignment that talks about childhood.
meaning24
MEANING
  • At one particular time in the past, it happened. It began and ended in past.
  • Ex: I walked to school this morning.
verbs in the simple past tense
Regular:

played, walked, noticed

Irregular :

became, began

blew, grew

thought, taught

cut, hurt, let

Verbs in the simple past tense
meaning28
MEANING
  • One thing happened before and was in process at a particular time in the past, and it continued.
  • Ex: I was doing my homework.
examples for verbs in the past progressive sentences
Examples for verbs in the past progressive sentences
  • was typing

+ leaving

  • were working

(verb + ing)

meaning32
MEANING
  • The action was completely done before another time in the past.
  • Ex: He had already finished his exam before I met him.
participle35
PARTICIPLE
  • wanted, turned, dropped
  • hurt, come, build
  • felt, gone, hidden
  • blown, grown, known
  • begun, rung, swum
3 assignments that may use future teneses
(3)ASSIGNMENTS THAT MAY USE FUTURE TENESES
  • The assignment that talks about what do we want to do in the future.
meaning38
MEANING
  • At one particular time in the future, it will happen.
  • Ex: Jason will go to bed at 12 o’clock.
meaning42
MEANING
  • One thing will happen in the future, and it will bein process at a particular time in the future, and it will probably continue.
  • Ex: Katie will be sleeping when her father comes home.
meaning46
MEANING
  • The action will be completely done before another time in the future.
  • Ex: Albert will already have taken shower before he goes to bed.
verbs in the future perfect tense
Verbs in the future perfect tense

will + have +

(participle)

participle49
PARTICIPLE
  • wanted, turned, dropped
  • hurt, come, build
  • felt, gone, hidden
  • blown, grown, known
  • begun, rung, swum
examples for modals
EXAMPLES FOR MODALS
  • to write about the wishes.
  • The assignment that talks about one thing that changes one person’s life.
what are they
What are they?
  • should
  • could
  • would
should
SHOULD
  • Advisability
  • Ex: You should do your homework instead of going to the movies.
should54
SHOULD
  • 90% certainty (expectation)
  • Ex: He should attend the meeting tomorrow.
could
COULD
  • past ability
  • Ex: I could get up early when I was young.
could56
COULD
  • polite request
  • Ex: Could you teach me with this math problem?
could57
COULD
  • suggestion (affirmative only)
  • Ex: You could do some research about this topic to see whether you have the right answer.
could58
COULD
  • less than 50% certainty
  • Ex: She could be in her office.
could59
COULD
  • impossibility (negative only)
  • Ex: That couldn’t be his dog because his dog was dead yesterday.
would
WOULD
  • polite request
  • Ex: Would you please pass me the salt?
would61
WOULD
  • preference
  • Ex: I would rather die than get married with him.
would62
WOULD
  • repeated action in the past
  • Ex: She would take a walk every morning when she was young.
would63
WOULD
  • polite for “want” (with like)
  • Ex: I would like to have some tea, please.
would64
WOULD
  • unfulfilled wish
  • Ex: I would have learned more about how to use proper verb tenses before coming to the U.S.
citation
CITATION
  • The sources are from Betty Schrampfer Azar’s chartbook.
special thanks
SPECIAL THANKS

EVERYONE!!