INDIANS. The Tonkawan Indians of Texas. The name Tonkawa is from the Waco term tonkaweya, meaning "they all stay together.". HOME.
The name Tonkawa is from the Waco
term tonkaweya, meaning "they all stay together."
In their early history, the Tonkawa were nomadic, moving tepee villages according to their chiefs' lead. They were known among the Spanish and the later American traders for the large quantities of tallow, deerskins, buffalo robes and tongues they sold.
The Tonkawa were notable warriors who used bows, spears and firearms. The warriors wore protective leather jackets and caps decorated with horn and brilliant plumage. The Tonkawa are known to have worn breastplates, chokers and ear pendants made with hair pipes. Breechclout, leggings and moccasins completed their warm weather clothing. A buffalo robe would be added on top for cold weather.
Tonkawas believe they originated from the wolf. The Wolf Dance celebrates the creation of the Tonkawa people. For many years this dance was kept secret from outsiders. By the mid 1800's settlers had observed the dances. All the dancers are dressed in wolf skins. They dance low to the ground and periodically scratch at the dirt in the central area. Toward the end of the dance all dancers gather at the center and vigorously dig up the dirt. A man emerges from the earth. This is the Tonkawa legend in the form of a dance.
“One who wants to fight me.”
Comanche Indian Flag
a Comanche camp
Painting of a Comanche village
young Comanche girls
travois used for carrying, in the picture a woman and small child are in the travois
fleshers made from stones used to scrape or clean buffalo hide
Comanches on horses
a painting of a Comanche mother and child