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The Illinois ADA Project at Equip for Equality Presents. REQUESTING AN ACCOMMODATION AT WORK AND COLLEGE. Equip For Equality: Protection and Advocacy. Mission : To advance the human and civil rights of people with physical & mental disabilities Most Services are Free and Confidential

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the illinois ada project at equip for equality presents

The Illinois ADA Project at Equip for EqualityPresents

REQUESTING AN ACCOMMODATION AT WORK AND COLLEGE

equip for equality protection and advocacy
Equip For Equality:Protection and Advocacy
  • Mission:To advance the human and civil rights of people with physical & mental disabilities
  • Most Services are Free and Confidential
  • Equip For Equality Services Include:

 Self-Advocacy Assistance  Information & Referral

 Public Policy Advocacy  Training & Education

 Abuse/Neglect Investigations  Latino Outreach

 Traumatic Brain Injury Project  Legal Advocacy

 Special Education Issues  Guardianship Reform

 Assistive Technology Project  Illinois ADA Project

the illinois ada project at equip for equality
The Illinois ADA Project at Equip For Equality

Your Resource for Information on The ADA

Goal: To educate, enrich, and enlighten the people, businesses, and organizations of Illinois regarding the ADA.

Project Funding: The Illinois ADA Project is funded by The Great Lakes ADA and Accessible IT Center.

The Illinois ADA Project Steering Committee:

Individuals with disabilities, advocates, service providers, government agencies, and businesses.

slide4

Trainings

  • The ADA in the Real World (Overview)
  • Employment Rights
  • Employing People with Disabilities, It’s Good Business
  • The ADA and Supreme Court
  • Transportation
  • Voting
  • Emerging Issues

Breaking Down Barriers to Understanding The ADA

contacting the illinois ada project
Contacting The Illinois ADA Project

Contact The Illinois ADA Project if You:

  • Have ADA Questions
  • Want to schedule a training for your organization or group
  • Desire ADA information and/or resources
  • Contact Information: Telephone: 1-877-ADA-3601 TTY: 1-800-610-2779 Website: www.ADA-IL.org
the training institute at equip for equality
The Training Institute at Equip For Equality

Provides Free Training to people with disabilities and their family, friends, employers, and service providers regarding:

 Legal Rights  Self-Advocacy

 The A.D.A. (Titles I,II&III) Special Education

 Transportation  Guardianship

 Employment Rights  Practical Advice

pabss a blue ribbon project
PABSS: A Blue Ribbon Project

PABSS

Protection and Advocacy for Beneficiaries of Social Security

PABSS Provides Education, Training, and Advocacy on:

  • Social Security Benefits & Work Incentives Information
  • Obtaining Vocational Rehabilitation Services (DRS)
  • Using the Ticket to Work
  • Employment Laws (A.D.A. & F.M.L.A.)
  • School to Work Transition Issues
  • Any Employment Barrier
in the beginning
In the Beginning…

Do not curse the deaf or place a stumbling block before the blind…

3300 Years Ago

Leviticus 19:14:

and more recently
… And More Recently

30 Years Ago

The Rehabilitation Act

  • Creates a right to receive vocational rehabilitation;
  • Prohibits discrimination by federal funding recipients

30 Years Ago

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

  • Creates a right to receive a free and appropriate public education;

13 Years Ago

The Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA)

  • Provides equal opportunity and access in employment, governmental services, public accommodations, and telecommunications. This includes private and public places of education.
the rehabilitation act

The Rehabilitation Act

An Individual’s Right to Receive Vocational Rehabilitation Services

vocational rehabilitation services
Vocational Rehabilitation Services

DRS provides the following work-related services for individuals with disabilities:

  • Career counseling, job placement, and job training
  • Supported employment services such as a job coach
  • Interpreters, note takers, readers, attendants, ...
  • Occupational licenses, tools, and equipment
  • Technological aids and devices
  • Home and vehicle modifications
  • Medical Services including attendants
  • Financial assistance with school, equipment, or training
  • DRS can help with providing reasonable accommodations
the rehab act benefiting employers employees
The Rehab Act: Benefiting Employers & Employees

Utilizing The Rehabilitation Act and the

Illinois Division of Rehabilitation Services:

  • DRS provides free advice regarding reasonable accommodations. (As does the Illinois ADA Project, Equip for Equality, EEOC, and JAN).
  • DRS can pay all or part of the cost of reasonable accommodations (e.g. computer hardware or software)
    • If DRS pays, the employee or student owns the accommodation
  • SSA may help an employee or student save for an accommodation or other employment goal through PASS Plans
the americans with disabilities act ada15
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

The ADA has 5 different Sections called “Titles”

  • Title I – Employment
  • Title II – State and Local Government

Services / Public Transportation

  • Title III – Public Accommodations and Commercial Facilities
  • Title IV – Telecommunications
  • Title V – Technical Assistance and Miscellaneous Provisions
goals of the ada
Goals of The ADA
  • Eliminate discrimination
  • Ensure that people with disabilities experience:
    • Equality of opportunity
    • Full participation and integration
    • Independence
  • Remove barriers to access. Barriers can be attitudinal, architectural, communicative, or transportational in nature.
  • Provide clear, strong, enforceable standards
  • FAIRNESS !!
title i of the ada

Title I of the ADA

The ADA in the Workplace

employers covered by the ada
Employers Covered by the ADA
  • Employers with 15 or more employees
  • All State and local government employers with at least one employee
  • Local laws may cover smaller private employers (For example, The Illinois Human Rights Act and The Cook County and Chicago Human Rights Ordinances cover all employers with one or more employee)
protected individuals
Protected Individuals

An employee is protected under the ADA if they:

  • Have a substantial limitation of a major life activity
    • Major life activities include: Breathing, walking, lifting, working, speaking, hearing, seeing, eating, caring for oneself, interacting with others, sex, sleeping, sitting, concentrating, performing manual tasks, learning, standing, reading, reaching, …
  • Are qualified to do the essential job functions with or without a reasonable accommodation
  • Also covered are people who:
    • Have a record of such an impairment;
    • Are “regarded as” having such an impairment.
  • Disability is decided on a case by case basis and requires an individualized assessment
workplace protections under the ada
Workplace Protections Under The ADA

Discrimination is prohibited in any facet of employment, including:

  • Job application procedures
  • Hiring / Firing
  • Benefits and Compensation
  • Advancement
  • Training
  • Any terms, conditions, or privileges of employment
prohibited conduct by employers
Prohibited Conduct by Employers
  • Pre-Offer: Asking disability related questions. An employer may ask about performance of job functions but cannot request a medical examination or ask for information about:
    • Worker’s Compensation Claims
    • Reasons for time off from work
    • Medical Treatment, Conditions, or Medications
  • At all times, an employer is prohibited from:
    • Denying a Reasonable Accommodations
    • Otherwise discriminating in any facet of employment on the basis of disability, whether or not the discrimination is intentional.
medical examinations prior to a job offer are prohibited
Medical Examinations Prior to A Job Offer Are Prohibited
  • Certain tests are not considered medical exams, and are not prohibited by ADA
  • Medical exams must be:
    • Given to all applicants for the position
    • Decisions denying employment based upon medical information must be “job related and consistent with business necessity.”
    • An employer cannot withdraw a job offer unless the disability interferes with essential functions of the job or results in an a health or safety risk and a reasonable accommodation cannot be provided
title i of the ada23

Title I of the ADA

Reasonable Accommodations and Other Issues

reasonable accommodation
Reasonable Accommodation

Any change or adjustment to a job or work environment that allows a person to:

  • Participate in the job application process
  • Perform “Essential Functions” of the job
    • Fundamental Job Duties
    • An employer cannot refuse to employ someone because of inability to perform non-essential duties
    • Job descriptions may be used as evidence but are not necessarily determinative
  • Enjoy benefits and privileges of employment
examples of reasonable accommodations
Examples of Reasonable Accommodations
  • Accommodations as part or emergency evacuation procedures (Disclosure, alarms, changing offices, …)
  • Providing or modifying equipment or devices
  • Job restructuring
  • Part-time or modified work schedules
  • Job reassignment
  • Modifying exams, training, or policies
  • Providing readers and interpreters
  • Making the workplace accessible
  • Utilize the employee’s ideas and the Job Accommodation Network
reasonable accommodation requirements and limits
Reasonable Accommodation Requirements and Limits
  • Reasonable Accommodations must be provided unless there’s an undue hardship or a health and safety risk to the employee or to others
  • An undue hardship is defined as requiring significant difficulty or expense
  • Employers must provide an effective accommodation, not necessarily the exact accommodation requested
  • Fundamental alterations are not required
  • Personal Devices or Services are not required
reasonable accommodation responsibility of employees
Reasonable Accommodation:Responsibility of Employees

The Employee usually makes the request for a reasonable accommodation

  • The request need not be in writing but it is in everybody’s interest to have the request written, dated, and signed
  • The request should include:
    • Nature of the disability
    • Reason for the request
    • Requested accommodation
    • If possible, include a doctor’s note explaining the disability and accommodation
ada review reasonable accommodations
ADA Review - Reasonable Accommodations
  • Reasonable Accommodations must be provided unless they:
    • Are an undue hardship
    • Pose a health or safety risk to the employee or others
    • Constitute a fundamental alteration of the job
  • An effective accommodation, not necessarily the requested accommodation, must be provided.
  • Employers may request medical information only to substantiate the employee’s disability and their need for an accommodation.
employment application and interview tips
Employment Application And Interview Tips
  • An individual does not have to disclose a disability unless:
    • They need a reasonable accommodation
    • They have received a conditional offer of employment
    • It may help them get the job
  • How to deal with inappropriate questions – DO NOT LIE!
    • On the application, leave it blank (get an extra copy)
    • On the interview, say, “I do not answer questions about private matters unrelated to the job. I would be happy to discuss my qualifications for this job.”
    • “I took time off to handle a private family matter.”
tips for requesting a reasonable accommodation
Tips For Requesting A Reasonable Accommodation
  • Put your request in writing
  • If possible include a letter from your doctor describing your disability and the reasons for the requested accommodation
  • Ask for a response by a specific date
  • Keep a copy of the letter
  • If the accommodation is provided, send a “Thank You” letter
  • Check the Illinois ADA Project, EFE, and JAN Websites
the reasonable accommodation process
The Reasonable Accommodation Process
  • An employee, or someone on their behalf, usually makes the initial request for an accommodation. After that, the employer may ask the employee for documentation describing the impairment and how it relates to the reasonable accommodation request if the impariment is not readily apparent. The employer may request information relating to:
    • The nature, severity, and duration of the impairment
    • The activity or activities that the impairment limits
    • The extent to which the impairment limits the employee's ability to perform the activity or activities
    • How the impariment relates to the requested accommodation
the reasonable accommodation process32
The Reasonable Accommodation Process
  • The employer is NOT entitled to request information regarding:
    • General medical information
    • Medical conditions or impairments unrelated to the reasonable accommodation request
the reasonable accommodation process step by step
The Reasonable Accommodation Process; Step by Step
  • Step 1: The Request for a Reasonable Accommodation
  • Step 2: The employer may seek limited medical information if the need for the accommodation and/or the disability apparent. This documentation should be limited in scope to coincide with the accommodation request
  • Step 3: The “Interactive Process.” Does the employer agree that the accommodation is reasonable and effective? Do other possible accommodations need to be examined?
the reasonable accommodation process step by step34
The Reasonable Accommodation Process Step by Step
  • Step 4: Utilize available resources in determining an effective accommodation (e.g. EEOC, JAN, DRS, others).
  • Step 5: If an effective, reasonable accommodation is agreed upon, it should be implemented and there should be follow-up to ensure its effectiveness
pre employment accommodations
Pre-Employment Accommodations
  • Application/Interview Process
    • Providing someone to read or interpret application materials
    • Demonstrating, rather than describing what the job requires
    • Modifying tests, training materials, testing time, and/or policy manuals
    • Replacing a written test with a more extensive interview which allows the individual to demonstrate their knowledge/skills at the work site
    • Allowing individual to have a support person present during the interview
employment accommodations
Employment Accommodations
  • To do the job:
    • Job restructuring
      • Shifting/changing non-essential job functions to other employees
    • Learning the job
      • Supervisor break job tasks into sequential steps
      • Additional time to complete training
      • Provide instructions at a slower pace (not everything at the same time, etc.)
      • Use pictures, charts, colors, etc. as cues
employment accommodations37
Employment Accommodations
  • Job Coach
    • An employer is probably not required to provide a job coach throughout employment process but would need to consider as part of learning the job
    • Employer must consider allowing a Job Coach to work with the employee and modify policy if necessary (i.e. Allow non-employee in restricted areas, etc.)
    • Use of internal supports for employee (assign staff to work one-on-one when learning new tasks and to serve as support to the staff person)
employment accommodations38
Employment Accommodations
  • Modified Work Schedule
    • Allow flexibility in schedule based on use of public transportation or side effects of medication, etc.
      • Flexible arrival/departure times
      • Break periods for rest/taking medications, etc.
    • Allow time off or adjustment in schedule to attend counseling, treatment or other meetings related to the disability
    • Part Time versus Full Time if reasonable
employment accommodations39
Employment Accommodations
  • Acquisition or Modification of Equipment or Devices
    • Tape recorder to record/review instructions
    • Large button telephone
    • PDA (Personal digital assistant) to allow for supervisor to record instructions or use of video to demonstrate tasks that can be retrieved by employee when needed during course of work day
    • Use of color to mark files/bins/controls
    • Simplified instructions using diagrams, etc. for operating machinery
employment accommodations40
Employment Accommodations
  • Modification of Supervisory Process
    • Review tasks to be completed on daily basis and provide in writing versus orally
    • Supervisor providing a demonstration of what needs to be done versus describing orally what the employee is expected to do
    • More frequent feedback regarding performance
    • Allowing individual to bring someone to support them during review of performance or disciplinary meetings
employment accommodations41
Employment Accommodations
  • Modification of Policy/Procedure
    • Workplace conduct rules
      • Modify those that are not job related and consistent with business necessity
    • Never required to tolerate violent or abusive behaviors that are inconsistent with uniformly applied conduct rules
the family medical leave act

The Family Medical Leave Act

The FMLA,

Family Values, and Disability

reasons for fmla leave
Reasons for FMLA Leave

Covered employees are entitled to up to 12 weeks of medical leave for any of the following reasons:

  • The birth and care of a newborn child
  • Placement with the employee of a son or daughter for adoption or foster care;
  • To care for an immediate family member (spouse, child, or parent) with a serious health condition; or
  • To take medical leave when the employee is unable to work because of a “serious health condition.”
fmla leave
FMLA Leave

FMLA Leave Provides:

  • Up to 12 weeks of leave in a 12 month period (The 12 weeks may be taken intermittently)
  • Maintenance of Health Care Coverage
  • Job Protection
  • FMLA Leave is usually unpaid
fmla employee coverage
FMLA – Employee Coverage

The Employee (Worker) must meet all of these conditions to be protected by the FMLA:

  • Working at a covered employer
  • Worked for the employer for 12 months.

(The 12 months do not have to be consecutive)

and

  • Performed 1250 hours of work during those 12 months
fmla ada interplay
FMLA – ADA Interplay

As a Reasonable Accommodation

under the ADA, FMLA Leave may be:

  • Extended beyond 12 weeks
  • Given to an employee who is otherwise not eligible under the FMLA and/or
  • Given as paid leave
confidentiality
Confidentiality
  • All information about disability and accommodations must be kept in a separate medical file, not the personnel file.
  • Information can be available to supervisors and management personnel on a need to know basis
harassment
Harassment
  • Pervasive or severe and affecting a term, condition, or privilege of employment
  • Employer knew or should have known, and failed to take remedial action
  • Based on disability
other issues
Other Issues
  • Harassment
    • Employer required to maintain harassment free workplace for all employees
    • Disability awareness training may be necessary to address attitudes, stereotypes, etc. of other employees
    • Employer is responsible to actions taken in the workplace by other employees and can be held accountable for harassment based on disability
ada emerging issues
ADA – Emerging Issues
  • Disability Harassment
  • Working at home as a reasonable accommodation
  • Requirements to be “Whole” or “100% Healed to Return to Work
  • Temporary Workers
  • Websites
  • Harassment by co-workers and/or supervisors
  • Retaliation
remedies
Remedies

A Complaint or Charged can be filed under applicable Federal, State, or local law at:

  • Chicago Commission on Human Relations
  • Cook County Commission on Human Rights
  • Illinois Department of Human Rights
  • U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
legal protections for students with disabilities
Legal Protections for Students with Disabilities
  • IDEA as amended
  • Rehabilitation Act of 1973 - Section 504
  • Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
  • Civil Rights Act of l964, Title VII as amended in l991
  • State Civil Rights Laws & Architectural Accessibility Requirements
idea ada section 504
IDEA, ADA, & Section 504
  • IDEA is a law which mandates access to a “free appropriate public education” for qualified individuals with disabilities.
    • Limited to elementary and secondary education
  • Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in federally funded programs
    • Applies to programs operated by recipients of federal funds including education
  • ADA is a civil rights law and based on “non-discrimination on the basis of a disability” regardless of age.
    • Applies to broad range of programs and activities including education
slide55

ADA

Section 504

IDEA

definition of disability ada 504
Definition of Disability ADA/504
  • Anyone with a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities
  • Anyone with a record of such an impairment
  • Anyone who is regarded as having such an impairment
  • Also protected are individuals associated with persons with disabilities (i.e. spouse, child, etc.)
what is required idea
What is Required? - IDEA
  • Transition Services - "a coordinated set of activities for a student, designed within an outcome-oriented process, which promotes movement from school to post-school activities."
    • Includes:
      • post-secondary education
      • vocational training
      • integrated employment (including supported employment)
      • continuing and adult education
      • adult services
      • independent living or community participation."
what is required ada 504
What is Required? – ADA/504
  • Non-discrimination in admission and practices and procedures based on disability
  • Reasonable Modification of policies and procedures to ensure equal access to the goods and services provided unless it would result in a “fundamental alteration of the program or service”
  • Reasonable accommodations to “qualified individuals” to ensure equal access to the programs, services and activities unless it would pose a fundamental alteration of a program or an undue hardship or burden
what is not required ada 504
What is NOT Required? – ADA/504
  • Not Required are:
    • Exemption from a course or degree requirement
    • Specialized or Personal services
    • Fundamental Alterations (Services not provided to students without disabilities)
    • Actions that are an “undue hardship”
    • Assistance for “unqualified” individuals
    • Actions that result in a “direct threat to the health or safety of the individual or others.”
qualified individual
Qualified Individual
  • Meets the established eligibility criteria or able to perform the essential functions of the role/position (including the role of a student)
reasonable accommodation61
Reasonable Accommodation
  • Modification or adjustment to a entrance/course requirement, the classroom environment, or the way things usually are done.
modification of policies or procedures
Modification of Policies or Procedures
  • Reasonable modification to allow for equal opportunity or access unless it would fundamentally alter the nature of the program, activity or service
auxiliary aids and services
Auxiliary Aids and Services
  • Ensure effective communication and participation for students and program participants – Communication Access
  • Examples:
    • Qualified Interpreters
    • TTY’s or Relay Services
    • Assistive Listening Devices
    • Captioning Services
    • Alternative Formats
      • Large Print
      • Braille
      • Electronic
      • Audio
slide64

Electronic Media Accessibility

Web sites, Course Materials, Educational Tools (videos, courseware, distance learning methods, etc.), Kiosks………

special equipment or services
Portable (laptop) computers

Special software (time and project management)

Reference/Referral services

Tape recorders

Assistive listening devices

Student “buddies”

Mentors

Note takers or scribes

ASL Interpreters

Utilization of word recognition software

Utilization of electronic thesaurus or Dictionary

Provide instructions or information on audio tape

Large Print

Captioning

Special Equipment or Services
additional possible accommodations
Additional Possible Accommodations
  • Additional time to complete tasks
  • Providing information in verbal versus written format
  • Repeating information to assure comprehension
  • Extended time to access resources, utilize services
  • Extra tutoring or training
  • Quiet areas free from distraction
  • Assistance to verify information
additional possible accommodations67
Additional Possible Accommodations
  • Visual and verbal prompting.
  • Repetition of information
  • Longer time span to complete tasks
  • Specific systematic instruction from staff
  • Picture cues for completing tasks
  • Simplified displays of information
  • Behavioral Management Strategies
    • Redirecting activity
    • Quiet Areas
what are not reasonable accommodations
What Are Not Reasonable Accommodations
  • Fundamentally altering a course requirement
  • Violent or abusive behaviors
  • Non-adherence to policy and procedure that is consistent with educational program
  • Personal services such as toileting, clothing management, feeding, medications, etc.
  • Personal devices such as wheelchairs or hearing aids
defenses
DEFENSES
  • Fundamental Alteration of the Program or Activity
  • Undue Burden or Hardship
    • Administrative
    • Financial
  • Direct Threat To Self or Others
    • Cannot be eliminated or reduced through reasonable accommodation
documentation
Documentation
  • Provided to substantiate that an individual is a person with a disability under the ADA or 504 and that the requested accommodation relates to the impairment/limitation
  • Information must be current. Critical that there is documentation to show that accommodations have been provided and that there is documentation that can substantiate the need for the accommodation.
  • Unnecessary inquiry prohibited when the need for accommodation is obvious or previously known
  • Provide information early
documentation71
Documentation
  • Documentation may be provided to one central office (i.e. Disability Services Office). An teacher/instructor only needs to know that student qualifies for an accommodation unless there are safety concerns where more information is needed to manage the situation
confidentiality72
Confidentiality
  • Medical records must be kept confidential and access limited to individuals who need to know for purposes of determining eligibility for accommodation or safety related issues
who s responsibility is it
Who’s Responsibility is it?
  • Educational Institution
    • responsible to assure that qualified students receive appropriate accommodations to be successful in classroom and other degree requirements
    • responsible for providing auxiliary aids and services to ensure participation
who s responsibility is it74
Who’s Responsibility is it?
  • Student
    • Responsible for identifying the need for accommodation and engaging in interactive process to determine appropriate accommodation prior to engaging in academic or other activities.
      • Difficult to come back after the fact and request exemption or “retake”, etc. based on disability unless an accommodation was previously denied.
    • Responsible for providing documentation to substantiate disability and need for accommodations in a timely manner
remedies75
Remedies
  • Informal
    • Use internal grievance procedure
    • Engage in informal negotiation with parties involved
  • Formal
    • File a Complaint in Federal Court
    • US Department of Justice (DOJ), Office of Civil Rights
      • Down Load Complaint Form at www.ada.gov
      • 800-514-0301 (V) or 800-514-0383 (TTY)
    • US Dept. of Education, Office of Civil Rights (OCR),
      • On-line complaint form at

www.ed.gov/ocr/complaintprocess.html

      • Contact Regional Office: 312-886-8434
        • 111 North Canal Street, Suite 1053; Chicago, IL 60606
disability related statistics

Disability-Related Statistics

"Get your facts first, and then you can distort them as much as you please."

Mark Twain

“There are white lies,

damn lies, and statistics.”

Will Rogers

slide77

Statistics From 2004

Harris / N.O.D. Survey

SubjectPeople WithPeople W/O

a Disabilitya Disability

Employment (Work FT or PT) 35% 78%

Prefer to be working 63% 42%

Education (HS Graduate) 79% 89%

Income ($15,000 or less) 26% 9%

Transportation Problems 31% 13%

Voted in 2000 41% 51%

Health Care Problems 18% 7%

Socializing (2X/Month) 79% 89%

Life Satisfaction 34% 61%

slide78

Additional Statistics

  • 20% of the U.S. population has a disability. Almost half of these people, 26 million, have a severe disability.
  • The percentage of adults with disabilities who work has not improved much since 1986 (30-35%).
  • 22% (formerly 36%) of employed people with disabilities say they have encountered workplace discrimination.
  • 90% of people who have heard of the ADA support it.

People with Disabilities were asked:

“Has the ADA made your life better?”

30% - “Yes”; 1% - “Worse”; 64% - “No difference”

slide79

Job Accommodation Network (JAN) Statistics

  • Reasonable Accommodation Costs vs. Benefits
    • 20% cost nothing
    • Over 70% cost $ 500 or less
    • Median Cost: $ 250

Benefit to the Company:

$35 for each $1 spent on

Reasonable Accommodations

slide80

Company Benefits from Accommodations

Hired or retained a qualified employee: 56%

Eliminated cost of new employee training: 31%

Saved insurance costs: 38%

Increased the worker's productivity: 54%

Other: 25%

(Note: This total over 100% as companies often experience more than one benefit)

employment rates
Employment Rates
  • 2.5 million people with intellectual disability (1% of the population)
  • 31% employment rate
  • 82% earn less than $5.50 hour (mean $4.87)
  • 25% working full time (39% work 20 hours or less)

Source: Institute for Community Inclusion

resources
Resources
  • Equip For Equality

www.equipforequality.org

  • Great Lakes ADA Centerwww.adagreatlakes.org
  • Job Accommodation Network

www.jan.wvu.edu

  • U.S. Department of Justice ADA Home Pagewww.usdoj.gov/crt/adahom1.htm
  • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

www.eeoc.gov

more resources
MoreResources
  • IL Division of Rehabilitation Services - DRSwww.state.il.us/agency/dhs
  • Office of the Illinois Attorney General www.ag.state.il.us
  • Mayor’s Office for People with Disabilitieswww.ci.chi.il.us/Disabilities
  • Ability Links www.abilitylinks.org
  • Social Security Administration / Ticket to Hire

www.ssa.gov/work/Ticket/TicketHire

resources85
Resources
  • Equip For Equality www.equipforequality.org
  • Illinois ADA Project at Equip For Equality www.ADA-IL.org
  • Job Accommodation Network www.jan.wvu.edu
  • Equal Employment Opportunity Commissionwww.eeoc.gov
  • Division or Rehabilitation Services – DRSwww.state.il.us/agency/dhs
more resources86
MoreResources
  • Ability Links www.abilitylinks.org
  • Mayor’s Office for People with Disabilitieswww.ci.chi.il.us/Disabilities
  • Ticket to Work / Employment Networks:

EFE or www.yourticketowork.com

  • Social Security Administration / Ticket to Hire

www.ssa.gov/work/Ticket/TicketHire

  • Great Lakes Technical Assistance Centerwww.adagreatlakes.org
resources for more information
Resources for More Information
  • National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities (NICHCY)
    • 800-695-0285
    • www.nichcy.org
  • U.S. Department of Education
    • Office of Civil Rights
      • 1-800-421-3481
      • http://www.ed.gov
more resources88
More Resources
  • Great Lakes ADA and Accessible IT Center
      • 1-800-949-4232
      • http://www.adagreatlakes.org
  • AccessIT
      • http://www.u.wash.edu/accessit
  • U.S. Department of Justice
      • 1-800-514-0301
      • http://www. ada.gov
more resources89
More Resources
  • HEATH Resource Center – National Clearing House on Postsecondary Education For Individuals with Disabilities
      • 800-544-3284
      • http://www.heath.gwu.edu
  • Association of Higher Education and Disability (AHEAD)
      • 1-614-488-4972
      • http://www.ahead.org