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The History of Pragmatics. 3 stages of development. There are three stages in the development of pragmatics. The 1 st stage occurred in 1930s. The term “Pragmatics” was used at a the 1 st time. It was the branch of Semiology /semiotics= the study of signs. Pragmatics .

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3 stages of development
3 stages of development
  • There are three stages in the development of pragmatics.
  • The 1st stage occurred in 1930s. The term “Pragmatics” was used at a the 1st time. It was the branch of Semiology/semiotics= the study of signs.
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In 1938, Carnap said that pragmatics should focus on relationship between users, words and reference relationship.

  • In 1940, Charles Morris divided semiology into 3 parts: syntactics/syntax, semantics and pragmatics.
  • Then, the 2nd stage: From 1950 to 1960: 3 philosophers: Austin, Searle and Paul Grice established their theory of Speech act and implicature theory.
slide15

The 3rd Stage: in 1977, Jacob L. Mey published the 1st Journal of Pragmatics in Holland.

  • In 1983, Levinson wrote his book “Pragmatics” whereas Geoffrey Leech wrote his “Principle of pragmatics”.
  • In 1988,the set up of International Pragmatics Association (IPrA). This was a year which noted as a year when pragmatics turned into an independent discipline.
schools of pragmatics
Schools of Pragmatics
  • There are two schools of pragmatics: Br. And Am.school and European School.
  • British and American school had a focus on sentence structure and grammar: deictic expression, conversational implicature, presupposition, speech and conversational structure. It was called : Micro-pragmatics.
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The European school had a wider focus. It focused on macro-pragmatics scope like conversational analysis, cultural anthropology, social linguistics and psycholinguistics in the process of communication.