Research Methods. Approaches to studying human behavior using the scientific method (systematic, empirical observation). During this presentation, you will be asked some questions…. Make sure you stop to reflect on the answers to these questions before going on to the next slide.
Approaches to studying human behavior using the scientific method (systematic, empirical observation)
In the next slide, you will be asked to choose one of five questions about people. As we go through each of the different research methods, you should think about how well each method would work in answering the question you have chosen.
WHAT do “conceptualization” and “operationalization” mean???
And WHAT is a “variable”?
A variable is the “thing” that you’re interested in studying—like depression or gender or levels of emotionality (how emotional someone is) or different types of food!
For example, for the variable “food type,” you need to be clear about whether you mean (1) vegetarian or meat, OR
(2) breakfast, lunch or dinner foods, OR
(3) Ethiopian, Thai or American foods, OR (4) something else!
Some people are more depressed than others
Some people are men, and others are women
Some people are less emotional than others
Food types can range from pizza to hamburgers to filet mignon, or might be Thai, Ethiopian, Polish or American cuisine, etc., etc.
(At this point, we’re going to look at these two designs together, focusing on the similarities between them. Later on in this presentation, we’ll talk about how they differ)Controlled Experiments & Quasi-Experimental Designs
The control group and the experimental group should be the same in all other ways. The only way in which they should differ is on the independent variable.
Which of the five research methods would you be most likely to use to address the question that you chose toward the beginning of this PowerPoint presentation?
Tip: Thinking about how the questions on the preceding slides apply to the research question you chose should help you to answer this question.
You’ll want to review the answers for each question, (not just your own) given on the following slides b/c it should help you understand each of the methods a bit better.
You should be able to answer all the questions that I asked within the presentation, AND….
Controlled experimental design
Conceptualization & operationalization of variables
Population vs. sample
CorrelationYou should be familiar with the following terms or concepts:(if not, you will want to review the presentation again)
If you have completed this presentation, know the answers to the questions in the presentation, and have finished reading the text, you are now ready to take the quiz on Jenzabar…..