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Professional Seminar I. NUR 1010 Sara Wiscombe, RN, MSN. Syllabus . H:\PROFESSIONAL SEMINAR.doc. History of Nursing. Until mid-1800s apprentice-type education Florence Nightingale Lived and worked in England Began ‘modern’ era of nursing First to conduct research to support practice

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professional seminar i

Professional Seminar I

NUR 1010

Sara Wiscombe, RN, MSN

syllabus
Syllabus
  • H:\PROFESSIONAL SEMINAR.doc
history of nursing
History of Nursing
  • Until mid-1800s apprentice-type education
  • Florence Nightingale
    • Lived and worked in England
    • Began ‘modern’ era of nursing
    • First to conduct research to support practice
    • Established first school of nursing
slide4
Clara Barton
    • Established the American Red Cross after Civil War
  • Dorothea Dix
      • Nurse for the Union Army
      • In charge of hospitals, nurses, supplies
slide5
Mary Mahoney
    • First African-American RN
    • Led the awareness of cultural/ethnic diversity
  • 1901
    • Nursing education moved into colleges, offered degree instead of just diploma
  • 1920-1930s
    • Nurse Midwife and CNS education programs established
    • Also ANA Code of Ethics for nurses
slide6
1950s
    • Graduate level nursing courses
  • 1965 Nurse Practitioner Role
    • Developed out of healthcare needs of children
    • Pediatric NP program established by Loretta Ford and Henry Silverman
nursing profession
Nursing Profession
  • More than a skilled technician
  • Extended education necessary
  • Provides specific service
  • Practice is defined by theoretical knowledge
  • Nurses govern themselves
  • Code of Ethics
    • http://www.nursingworld.org/ethics/code
nurse practice acts
Nurse Practice Acts
  • Each state has specific regulations (laws) to obtain and keep a license
    • Amount of school
    • Background checks
    • Rules about behavior
    • Regular renewal periods
    • CEU requirements
slide9
LPN Candidates must pass the NCLEX-PN
  • RN candidates must pass the NCLEX-RN
  • Both RNs and LPNs must
    • Abide by rules set forth by the state
    • Practice within the scope of practice identified by the state
practice acts rules
Practice Acts & Rules
  • http://fac.dos.state.fl.us/faconline/chapter64.pdf
  • http://doh.state.fl.us/mqa/nursing/info_PracticeAct.pdf
  • http://abn.state.al.us/main/nurse-practice-act/content.html
lpn education
LPN Education
  • At least one year of formal nursing education
  • Clinical training included in education
rn education
RN Education
  • Combines general college classes with nursing education
  • 2 year college or university = ADN
  • 4 year college or university = BSN
  • ADN + 2 more years of college classes
certification
Certification
  • RNs with significant work experience in a particular area
  • For specialized areas
    • Critical Care, Emergency, OB, etc.
    • http://www.nursingworld.org/ancc/certification/cert/certs/specialty.html
additional education
Additional Education
  • Graduate = MSN
    • CRNA, CNM, CNS (Educator or Administrator) and CRNP
  • Doctoral
    • DSN or PhD
nurse roles
Nurse Roles
  • Caregiver
  • Advocate
  • Educator
  • Communicator
  • Manager
responsibilities
RN

Assessment, Analysis and Nursing Diagnosis

Planning care

Interventions & Implementations

Evaluation

Teaching

LPN

Observe and collect data

Assist in planning care

Implement nursing measures

Assist in evaluating

Reinforce teaching by RN

Responsibilities
issues in nursing
Issues in Nursing
  • Population Demographics
    • Aging
    • Mobility
  • Human Rights
    • Abortion
    • Euthanasia
    • Right to die
issues in nursing18
Issues in Nursing
  • Bioterrorism
  • Rising costs of healthcare
  • Changes in the way nurses think about care
  • Nursing shortage
    • Staffing ratios
    • Faculty at schools of nursing
slide19
Privacy
    • Also called Confidentiality – HIPPA
  • Organ transplant
  • Stem Cell research
  • Gene manipulation
references
References
  • Hamric, A.B., Spross, J.A., and Hanson, C.M. (2000). Advanced Nursing Practice; An Integrative Approach, 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: W. B. Saunders.
  • Potter, P.A. and Perry, A.G. (2005). Fundamentals of Nursing, 6th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby.
  • Zerwekh, J. and Claborn, J.C. (2003). Nursing Today; Transition and Trends, 4th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby.