Meeting sps compliance requirements in the export of nile perch national experience
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MEETING SPS COMPLIANCE REQUIREMENTS IN THE EXPORT OF NILE PERCH “ NATIONAL EXPERIENCE ”. by Mr. Philip Borel (Chairman UFPEA/EAIFFPA) P.O. Box 24576, Kampala Tel/ Fax : 041-347835 Email: Date : 11 th May, 2009. Executive Summary.

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Mr. Philip Borel


P.O. Box 24576, Kampala

Tel/ Fax : 041-347835


Date : 11th May, 2009

Executive summary l.jpg
Executive Summary PERCH

The fish processing / export was the first non-traditional export industry in Uganda. It was established in mid-eighties as a cottage fish processing industry. The first fish export was made in March 1989.

The infrastructure design / status was inadequate and thus fish quality/safety requirements could not easily be met. Initially, no quality management systems were in place and the Competent Authority Inspectors were not trained.

As a result of the above, there were quality related problems that led to EU Bans. The establishments were asked to meet minimum EU requirements in order to export fish products to the EU market.

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Executive Summary Cont’d PERCH

Working towards harmonization was a huddle; it called for infrastructure improvement in terms of plant design / layout and implementation of the quality management systems like the Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs) and the HACCP system.

There was urgent need for capacity building in terms of training the Competent Authority Inspectors on how to inspect and monitor establishments for compliance with EU and regulatory requirements and the establishment staff on how to develop, implement and maintain the quality management systems.

This required for substantial funds. Appreciations go to organizations like CDE, UNIDO and USAID for funding projects that helped meet the minimum requirements to pass the EU inspections and to qualify for harmonization.

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Partnerships / Stakeholders PERCH



EU Food Legislation


-National Resource & Food Legislation

-FSP Project

Upstream Control

Competent Authority


-QMS (ISO 9001)

-FSMS (ISO 22000)

-Standard Operating Procedures

-Quality Assurance Inspections

-SOPs for Fish Inspection & QA

Private Sector

Artisanal Fisheries


Goods Providers

Services Providers



-Compliance issues

  • Fishers

  • Fish Suppliers


-Cold storage

-Freight Services

-Ice production

-Packaging materials

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Problems in the past PERCH

  • Inadequate Infrastructure design / status

    • Fish quality/safety requirements not met

  • Initially, no quality management systems

  • Weak Competent Inspectors

  • Resultant quality problems – EU Ban

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Legislations: PERCH

EU Legislations:

  • 178/2002 - General principles and requirements of Food Law

  • 852/2004 - Hygiene Rules of food stuffs

  • 853/2004 - Specific hygiene rules for food stuff of animal origin

  • 854/2004 - Official controls on animal products

  • 882/2004 - Official control to ensure verification of compliance with feed and food law

    National Legislations:

  • Uganda Standards (US 201, US 28)

  • The Fish (Quality Assurance) Rules

  • SOPs for Fish Inspection & Quality Assurance

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Post Ban Interventions PERCH:

  • UFPEA formation 1992

  • Infrastructure Improvement

  • Donor Funding:

    • CDE

    • UNIDO

    • USAID

  • Capacity Building

    • External Support Programs;

    • Training of Fish Inspectors;

    • Implementing HACCP, GMP’s, traceability;

    • Quality Assurance Managers’ Association QAMA;

    • Traceability and Product recall procedure;

    • Common approach in addressing quality problems.

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Harmonization PERCH

  • Infrastructure up-grading - (1997)

  • Quality, Hygiene and Food Safety Standards:

    • External Support Programs (UNIDO);

    • Training of Fish Inspectors;

    • Implementing HACCP, GMP’s, traceability;

    • Establishment of QAMA.

  • Compliant EU Inspections

  • Periodic CA Compliant Inspections

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Addressing Challenges PERCH

  • Effective upstream control

    • Hygiene;

    • Fishing;

    • Handling & storage;

    • Transport;

    • Food safety training

  • Implementing / maintaining quality systems

    • Prerequisite programs (GMPs) – CDE + UNIDO

    • HACCP

    • ISO 9001:2000 (QMS) – USAID (SPEED PROJECT)

    • ISO 22000:2005 (FSMS) – UNIDO

  • Market competition – CDE

    • Value addition – UNIDO (COMPETE PROJECT)

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Addressing other Challenges PERCH

  • Resource management

    • Self-monitoring & control program

    • Fish for Future campaign (FFF)

    • Formation of Regional Association


      THE END