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Issues of YA information behaviors and library services to YAs. Dr. Betty Marcoux LIS 566 Winter Quarter 2007 Module 2 Lecture 1. Lecture Structure. Beginning Terms Research regarding YA behaviors Connections between research and practice observations Middle

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Issues of ya information behaviors and library services to yas l.jpg

Issues of YA information behaviors and library services to YAs

Dr. Betty Marcoux

LIS 566

Winter Quarter 2007

Module 2 Lecture 1


Lecture structure l.jpg
Lecture Structure YAs

  • Beginning

    • Terms

    • Research regarding YA behaviors

    • Connections between research and practice observations

  • Middle

    • Graphic novels and zines –why they appeal to YAs

    • Models of YA development

  • End

    • Readings

    • Discussion questions

    • Announcements


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Terms to Understand YAs

  • Fugitive literacy

  • Graphic novel-Comic book-Zine –Manga - Anime

  • Blog-IM-MySpace-Facebook-YouTube

  • Social purpose of information


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Radical change – E. Dresang YAs

  • Assumptions:

    • Children are capable and seeking connection

    • The digital environment nurtures children’s capabilities

    • Handheld books offer digital-age connections

    • Adults and youth are partners in the digital world

  • Changes in books for children/YAs:

    • Changing forms/formats

    • Changing perspectives (multiple entry points to info)

    • Changing boundaries (what is ok for children/YAs to have/use)

  • Internet influence


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Recent Research on YA information behaviors YAs

  • 1995 poll – 25% library users teens

  • 13 yr. olds – 2005 poll

    • 2/3 believe it is harder to be a teen today than it was for their parents

    • World is getting worse for them than their parents

    • http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1088701,00.htmlhttp://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1088706,00.html

  • Don’t have time to really “do” learning as was done before (fugitive literacy)

  • YA now have own sense of what is literacy for them


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YAs & Reading Matters YAs(2006)

  • “Mature partners”

  • 56% of 500 + read more than 10 books per year (2002)

  • 30% of 6400 respondents (2002) read to not be bored

  • YAs tend to use reading for identity development


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In practice with this YA behavior information YAs

  • Re-activate the desire to read/learn

  • Learn the landscape of YA literature

  • Learn the various definitions of literacy by YAs

  • Work on understanding the developmental coming outs of YAs and information needs.


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What is a graphic novel? YAsWhy not just another comic book?


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An Award winning Graphic Novel YAs

  • MAUS – biographical Holocaust story on the experiences of his father and how he manages to survive the Auschwitz death camp.

    • 1992 – Art Speigelman – Pulitzer Prize

    • Graphic and horrific


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Graphic Novels sell to YAs YAs

  • Comic book specialty shops

  • Strong appeal to young males

  • Usually short, quick and paperback all appealing to YAs

  • Tend to tackle edgy topics that are important to YAs

  • Now quite a YA market


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10 Essential Graphic Novels for your library (2003) YAs

  • The Best of the Best, if you're going to read at least one, make it one of these:http://www.amazon.com/gp/richpub/syltguides/fullview/3HFK05XTMPM1E/ref=cm_sylt_pdp_title_full_11.


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1.  YAsNaruto (Naruto Series, Volume 5)Masashi Kishimoto / Paperback / VIZ Media LLC / October 2004

2. Naruto, Volume 6Masashi Kishimoto / Paperback / VIZ Media LLC / April 2005

3. Fullmetal Alchemist, Volume 5Hiromu Arakawa / Paperback / VIZ Media LLC / January 2006

4. Naruto, Volume 7Masashi Kishimoto / Paperback / VIZ Media LLC / August 2005

5. Naruto, Volume 3Masashi Kishimoto / Paperback / VIZ Media LLC / April 2004

6. Naruto, Volume 9Masashi Kishimoto / Paperback / VIZ Media LLC / March 2006

7. Naruto, Volume 4Masashi Kishimoto / Paperback / VIZ Media LLC / July 2004

8. Naruto, Volume 2Masashi Kishimoto / Paperback / VIZ Media LLC / November 2003

9. Bleach, Volume 11Tite Kubo / Paperback / VIZ Media LLC / February 2006

10. Fruits Basket, Volume 12Natsuki Takaya / Paperback / TOKYOPOP / December 2005

Graphic Novels Best sellers 2006 (Barnes & Noble)


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Graphic Novel interest and YAs YAs

  • Hotel Dusk – GN Interactive!

    • http://www.amazon.com/Comics-Graphic-Novels-Books/b?ie=UTF8&node=4366


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Staying current in the areas of graphic novels/comic books for YAs

  • Dark Horse Comics

  • DC Comics

  • Kitchen Sink Press

  • Marvel Entertainment Group, Inc.

  • VOYA

  • Booklist

  • School Library Journal

  • Graphic novels in libraries GNLIB-L-subscribe@topica.com


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Graphic Novel characteristics for YAs

  • The product is the package

  • Ideas become dynamic stories if they develop their ideas in manners of interest to the readers

  • Market is growing

  • No longer seen as only easy reads and for reluctant readers

    • Still must be concerned about literacy skills and reading abilities of audience

    • Reading process in graphic novels tends to extend and improve text


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What is a zine? for YAs

  • Abbreviation of the word fanzine, and originating from the word magazine—is most commonly a small circulation, non-commercial publication of original or appropriated texts and images. More broadly, the term encompasses any self-published work of minority interest.

  • Most zines suck, but you find that golden 10 percent and you're hooked for life. Found mine.—Chip Rowe

  • http://www.zinebook.com/#



Some categories of zines l.jpg

Anime for YAs

Collectibles,/genre favorites/hobbies

Comics scene

Starlog

Beckett baseball Card Monthly

Cars

Christian

Entertainment/music

Fashion

Self help

Games

Homework help/research

Humor

Literary

Sexual preferences

Sports & extreme sports

Some categories of “zines”


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Collection Issues for Zines for YAs

  • Currency

  • Format

  • Organization


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Historical examples of Zines for YAs

  • Landmark examples:

    • Watchmen by Alan Moore

    • Frank Miller's Batman: the Dark Knight Returns


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Manga -Anime for YAs

  • Means random or whimsical pictures

  • Historically oriental, now international

  • Manga actually means cartoon/picture in Japanese

  • http://www.tokyopop.com/ example of a manga blog

  • Anime is short for animation, but really a subset of animation – not all animation = anime. Closely aligned with manga, often confused by even those reading it. Considered an alternative format to traditional storytelling.


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YAs and the social purpose of their information for YAs

  • Status in knowledge

  • Developmental trust factor in information sources

  • Communication structures

  • http://www.choicesforteens.com/


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What are they? for YAs

  • Blog-user-generated website where entries are made in journal style and displayed in a reverse chronological order.

  • IM (instant messaging)-a form of real-time communication between two or more people based on typed text.

  • MySpace-a social networkingwebsite offering an interactive, user-submitted network of friends, personal profiles, blogs, groups, photos, music and videos. MySpace also features an internal search engine and an internal e-mail system.

  • Facebook-originally developed for university students, faculty and staff, but has since expanded to include everyone, including high school, corporate and geographic communities.

  • YouTube - popular free video sharing website which lets users upload, view, and share video clips. Videos can be rated; the average rating and the number of times a video has been watched are both published.


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Readings for YAs

  • Donelson Chapter 3:

    • Talks often about changes that YAs are about and are influencing their needs today

    • Talks about how YA is now a true market and big business

    • Interesting discussion of YA magazines (zines) that are popular as well as other information fomats

    • Discusses concerns about a “youth-oriented” society and what that means today


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Article of your choice for YAs

  • Are prize winning books popular among children? Ujiie & Krashen(KQ 34(3) Jan/Feb 2006, 33-35)

    • Reinforces concern that these lists are adult generated FOR minors rather than FROM minors.

    • Strong methodology

    • Interesting results:

      • Prize winners do not necessarily mean best sellers

      • Series books very popular

      • Neither best sellers or prize winners connote “easier” to read

      • Best sellers trump collections over prize winners

      • Differing standards between what adults like minors to read and what minors like to read


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Monseau article for YAs

  • Why is school so boring?

  • What makes the difference in what Monseau argues and typical student assignments?

  • “Why not combine the talk & teaching? YA literature is the perfect tool.”


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Discussion Questions for YAs

  • Distinguish between what is a popular zine and a popular graphic novel series.

  • Define “popular” in terms of YA information.

  • Explain your perceptions of what makes today’s YA society a “change” society.


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Announcements for YAs

  • Interviews and permission slips

  • Upcoming Webquest

  • Ongoing reviews

  • Chat

  • YA reads – interesting selections to date!