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Issues of YA information behaviors and library services to YAs. Dr. Betty Marcoux LIS 566 Winter Quarter 2007 Module 2 Lecture 1. Lecture Structure. Beginning Terms Research regarding YA behaviors Connections between research and practice observations Middle

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issues of ya information behaviors and library services to yas

Issues of YA information behaviors and library services to YAs

Dr. Betty Marcoux

LIS 566

Winter Quarter 2007

Module 2 Lecture 1

lecture structure
Lecture Structure
  • Beginning
    • Terms
    • Research regarding YA behaviors
    • Connections between research and practice observations
  • Middle
    • Graphic novels and zines –why they appeal to YAs
    • Models of YA development
  • End
    • Readings
    • Discussion questions
    • Announcements
terms to understand
Terms to Understand
  • Fugitive literacy
  • Graphic novel-Comic book-Zine –Manga - Anime
  • Blog-IM-MySpace-Facebook-YouTube
  • Social purpose of information
radical change e dresang
Radical change – E. Dresang
  • Assumptions:
    • Children are capable and seeking connection
    • The digital environment nurtures children’s capabilities
    • Handheld books offer digital-age connections
    • Adults and youth are partners in the digital world
  • Changes in books for children/YAs:
    • Changing forms/formats
    • Changing perspectives (multiple entry points to info)
    • Changing boundaries (what is ok for children/YAs to have/use)
  • Internet influence
recent research on ya information behaviors
Recent Research on YA information behaviors
  • 1995 poll – 25% library users teens
  • 13 yr. olds – 2005 poll
    • 2/3 believe it is harder to be a teen today than it was for their parents
    • World is getting worse for them than their parents
  • Don’t have time to really “do” learning as was done before (fugitive literacy)
  • YA now have own sense of what is literacy for them
yas reading matters 2006
YAs & Reading Matters (2006)
  • “Mature partners”
  • 56% of 500 + read more than 10 books per year (2002)
  • 30% of 6400 respondents (2002) read to not be bored
  • YAs tend to use reading for identity development
in practice with this ya behavior information
In practice with this YA behavior information
  • Re-activate the desire to read/learn
  • Learn the landscape of YA literature
  • Learn the various definitions of literacy by YAs
  • Work on understanding the developmental coming outs of YAs and information needs.
an award winning graphic novel
An Award winning Graphic Novel
  • MAUS – biographical Holocaust story on the experiences of his father and how he manages to survive the Auschwitz death camp.
    • 1992 – Art Speigelman – Pulitzer Prize
    • Graphic and horrific
graphic novels sell to yas
Graphic Novels sell to YAs
  • Comic book specialty shops
  • Strong appeal to young males
  • Usually short, quick and paperback all appealing to YAs
  • Tend to tackle edgy topics that are important to YAs
  • Now quite a YA market
10 essential graphic novels for your library 2003
10 Essential Graphic Novels for your library (2003)
  • The Best of the Best, if you're going to read at least one, make it one of these:
graphic novels best sellers 2006 barnes noble
1. Naruto (Naruto Series, Volume 5)Masashi Kishimoto / Paperback / VIZ Media LLC / October 2004

2. Naruto, Volume 6Masashi Kishimoto / Paperback / VIZ Media LLC / April 2005

3. Fullmetal Alchemist, Volume 5Hiromu Arakawa / Paperback / VIZ Media LLC / January 2006

4. Naruto, Volume 7Masashi Kishimoto / Paperback / VIZ Media LLC / August 2005

5. Naruto, Volume 3Masashi Kishimoto / Paperback / VIZ Media LLC / April 2004

6. Naruto, Volume 9Masashi Kishimoto / Paperback / VIZ Media LLC / March 2006

7. Naruto, Volume 4Masashi Kishimoto / Paperback / VIZ Media LLC / July 2004

8. Naruto, Volume 2Masashi Kishimoto / Paperback / VIZ Media LLC / November 2003

9. Bleach, Volume 11Tite Kubo / Paperback / VIZ Media LLC / February 2006

10. Fruits Basket, Volume 12Natsuki Takaya / Paperback / TOKYOPOP / December 2005

Graphic Novels Best sellers 2006 (Barnes & Noble)
graphic novel interest and yas
Graphic Novel interest and YAs
  • Hotel Dusk – GN Interactive!
staying current in the areas of graphic novels comic books for yas
Staying current in the areas of graphic novels/comic books for YAs
  • Dark Horse Comics
  • DC Comics
  • Kitchen Sink Press
  • Marvel Entertainment Group, Inc.
  • VOYA
  • Booklist
  • School Library Journal
  • Graphic novels in libraries
graphic novel characteristics
Graphic Novel characteristics
  • The product is the package
  • Ideas become dynamic stories if they develop their ideas in manners of interest to the readers
  • Market is growing
  • No longer seen as only easy reads and for reluctant readers
    • Still must be concerned about literacy skills and reading abilities of audience
    • Reading process in graphic novels tends to extend and improve text
what is a zine
What is a zine?
  • Abbreviation of the word fanzine, and originating from the word magazine—is most commonly a small circulation, non-commercial publication of original or appropriated texts and images. More broadly, the term encompasses any self-published work of minority interest.
  • Most zines suck, but you find that golden 10 percent and you're hooked for life. Found mine.—Chip Rowe
some categories of zines

Collectibles,/genre favorites/hobbies

Comics scene


Beckett baseball Card Monthly





Self help


Homework help/research



Sexual preferences

Sports & extreme sports

Some categories of “zines”
collection issues for zines
Collection Issues for Zines
  • Currency
  • Format
  • Organization
historical examples of zines
Historical examples of Zines
  • Landmark examples:
    • Watchmen by Alan Moore
    • Frank Miller's Batman: the Dark Knight Returns
manga anime
Manga -Anime
  • Means random or whimsical pictures
  • Historically oriental, now international
  • Manga actually means cartoon/picture in Japanese
  • example of a manga blog
  • Anime is short for animation, but really a subset of animation – not all animation = anime. Closely aligned with manga, often confused by even those reading it. Considered an alternative format to traditional storytelling.
yas and the social purpose of their information
YAs and the social purpose of their information
  • Status in knowledge
  • Developmental trust factor in information sources
  • Communication structures
what are they
What are they?
  • Blog-user-generated website where entries are made in journal style and displayed in a reverse chronological order.
  • IM (instant messaging)-a form of real-time communication between two or more people based on typed text.
  • MySpace-a social networkingwebsite offering an interactive, user-submitted network of friends, personal profiles, blogs, groups, photos, music and videos. MySpace also features an internal search engine and an internal e-mail system.
  • Facebook-originally developed for university students, faculty and staff, but has since expanded to include everyone, including high school, corporate and geographic communities.
  • YouTube - popular free video sharing website which lets users upload, view, and share video clips. Videos can be rated; the average rating and the number of times a video has been watched are both published.
  • Donelson Chapter 3:
    • Talks often about changes that YAs are about and are influencing their needs today
    • Talks about how YA is now a true market and big business
    • Interesting discussion of YA magazines (zines) that are popular as well as other information fomats
    • Discusses concerns about a “youth-oriented” society and what that means today
article of your choice
Article of your choice
  • Are prize winning books popular among children? Ujiie & Krashen(KQ 34(3) Jan/Feb 2006, 33-35)
    • Reinforces concern that these lists are adult generated FOR minors rather than FROM minors.
    • Strong methodology
    • Interesting results:
      • Prize winners do not necessarily mean best sellers
      • Series books very popular
      • Neither best sellers or prize winners connote “easier” to read
      • Best sellers trump collections over prize winners
      • Differing standards between what adults like minors to read and what minors like to read
monseau article
Monseau article
  • Why is school so boring?
  • What makes the difference in what Monseau argues and typical student assignments?
  • “Why not combine the talk & teaching? YA literature is the perfect tool.”
discussion questions
Discussion Questions
  • Distinguish between what is a popular zine and a popular graphic novel series.
  • Define “popular” in terms of YA information.
  • Explain your perceptions of what makes today’s YA society a “change” society.
  • Interviews and permission slips
  • Upcoming Webquest
  • Ongoing reviews
  • Chat
  • YA reads – interesting selections to date!