Introduction to Health Economics. Nelly BIONDI , South African Centre of Epidemiological Modelling and Analysis (SACEMA), Makerere University, 21th July 2009. Outline. What is Health Economics? Generic steps in Economic evaluation. Types of economic evaluation. 2.
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Nelly BIONDI ,
South African Centre of Epidemiological Modelling and Analysis (SACEMA),
Makerere University, 21th July 2009
…HOW to maximize the health of population given constrained health producing resources.
Zoom on the concept of QALY:
Two programmes A (comparator) and B.
Identical in all respects.
Least cost alternative.
Different magnitude of a common measure eg., LY’s gained, blood pressure reduction.
Cost per unit of consequence eg. cost per LY gained.
Single or multiple effects not necessarily common. Valued as “utility” eg. QALY
Cost per unit of consequence eg. cost per QALY.
As for CUA but valued in money.
cost: benefit ratio.
Thank you…! Merci!...Weebale!R. Baltussen, K. Floyd and C. Dye, (2005) “Cost effectiveness analysis of strategies for tuberculosis control in developing countries,” British Medical Journal, 331;1364, (originally published online 10 Nov 2005; doi:10.1136/bmj.38645.660093.68)D. R. Hogan, R. Baltussen, C. Hayashi, J. A. Lauer, J. A. Salomon, (2005) “Cost effectiveness analysis of strategies to combat HIV/AIDS in developing countries,” British Medical Journal, doi:10.1136/bmj.38643.368692.68 (published 10 November 2005)C. A. Goodman, P. G. Coleman, A. J. Mills, (1999) “Cost-effectiveness of malaria control in sub-Saharan Africa” The Lancet, vol. 354, 378-85, July.mailto: email@example.com