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FORKLIFT SAFETY AWARENESS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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FORKLIFT SAFETY AWARENESS. INTRODUCTION.

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introduction
INTRODUCTION

Forklifts are very useful for moving raw materials, tools and equipment in many industries including construction. But unfortunately, they also feature prominently in work place accidents. About 1/3 of all transport related accidents involve lift trucks. These accidents result from a lack of operator training, poor maintenance and no safe systems of work regarding lift truck operations.

scope
SCOPE

As a lift truck operator it is necessary for you to familiarize yourself with site procedures regarding lift truck safe operation.

  • Types of lift trucks
  • Lift truck operators
  • Medical considerations
  • Training
  • Testing
  • Authorization to operate
  • Familiarization with site routes
  • Pedestrians / other personnel
  • Maintenance
  • Daily checks
  • Operating a lift truck
  • Refueling
types of forklifts
TYPES OF FORKLIFTS
  • 3 types generally used in construction
  • Industrial counter balanced lift truck
  • Rough terrain counter balanced lift truck
  • Telescopic material handler
industrial counter balanced type
INDUSTRIAL COUNTER BALANCED TYPE
  • Counter weight to balance
  • Mast
  • Only raise or lower
  • Only operate on smooth solid surfaces
  • Poor ground clearance
  • Usually solid tyres
  • Fueled by battery/electric, gas, diesel
rough terrain counter balanced type
ROUGH TERRAIN COUNTER BALANCED TYPE
  • Similar to industrial type
  • Larger pneumatic tyres
  • Rough terrain capabilities
  • Good ground clearance
  • Usually diesel engine
telescopic type
TELESCOPIC TYPE
  • Crane type boom
  • Hydraulic power
  • Telescopic
  • 4 wheel drive
  • 4 wheel steer
  • Stabilizers
  • Other useful attachments
lift truck operators
LIFT TRUCK OPERATORS
  • Selection of operators
  • Physical and mental fitness
training
TRAINING
  • Basic
  • Job specific
  • Familiarization
testing
TESTING
  • Certification
  • Continuous assessment
authorization to operate
AUTHORIZATION TO OPERATE
  • Written permission
  • Driver competent
  • Set duration
  • Lockable ignition
  • Key holder
familiarization of site routes
FAMILIARIZATION OF SITE ROUTES
  • Laydown areas
  • Pedestrian routes / crossings
  • Other traffic
  • Excavations
  • Other obstructions
  • Gradients
  • Unstable surfaces
pedestrians personnel
PEDESTRIANS / PERSONNEL
  • Safe work systems
  • Segregation of pedestrians
  • Audible warning devices
  • Flashing beacon
  • High visibility clothing
  • Head and foot protection
  • Reversing beeper
  • Side mirrors
maintenance
MAINTENANCE
  • Hydraulics
  • Brakes
  • Battery
  • Lights
  • Steering
  • Mast
  • Chains
  • Tyres
  • Operator’s cab
daily checks
DAILY CHECKS
  • Tyre pressure
  • Brakes / hand break
  • Horn
  • Lights / beacon
  • Fuel
  • Water
  • Oil
  • Battery
  • Hydraulic leaks
lifting and transporting of loads
LIFTING AND TRANSPORTING OF LOADS
  • Load weight
  • Load security
  • Pallets
  • Lifting capacity
  • Check route
  • Over head hazards
  • Other traffic
  • Travelling load position
  • Speed limit
  • Loading bays
  • Defective equipment
  • Emergency exits
operations of rough terrain counter balanced lift trucks
OPERATIONS OF ROUGH TERRAINCOUNTER BALANCED LIFT TRUCKS
  • Tyres
  • Slippery slopes
  • 4 wheel drive
  • Bounce
  • Parking brake
  • Forks position
  • Check route
  • Operator skill
  • Steep gradients
  • Site signage
telescopic material handlers
TELESCOPIC MATERIAL HANDLERS
  • 4 wheel drive
  • Crab steer
  • Greater reach for stacking
  • More likely to over turn
  • Stabilizers
  • Telescopic boom
  • Automatic load indicators
  • Keep door shut
  • Safety belt
  • Limited visibility
refueling
REFUELING
  • Diesel
  • Gas
  • Electric
diesel fuel
DIESEL FUEL
  • Use refueling area
  • Turn off engine and use parking brake
  • Avoid overfilling the fuel tank
battery charging
BATTERY CHARGING
  • Change in a well ventilated area
  • Use eye protection when making connections
  • Have eye wash facilities available
  • Have an acid neutralizing agent available
  • Don’t over fill the batteries with water
propane fuel
PROPANE FUEL
  • Use refueling area
  • Set parking brake
  • Turn off fuel valve at cylinder
  • Let engine die to purge all LPP from lines
  • Disconnect cylinder and remove
  • Replace with full cylinder
  • Reconnect and turn on valve
  • Check for leaks
don t
“DON'T”
  • DO NOT
    • Consume alcohol while at work
    • Pick up a load if someone is standing close
    • Allow people to walk underneath the load
    • Try to pick up an unsuitable load
    • Leave a lift truck unattended with the engine running
    • Carry passengers
    • Drive over cables or piping
    • Operate with the load raised except at creep speed
    • Drive forward is visibility is impaired by a load
slide24
“DO’S”
  • DO
    • Only issue keys to authorized drivers
    • On completion of work, park lift truck in designated area
    • Be careful with pedestrians / obey site rules / speed limits
    • Sound horn at potential danger spots
    • Stop before entering building, sound horn then proceed
    • Avoid violent breaking
slide25
“DO’S”
  • DO
    • Always travel with the forks roughly 150 mm above ground level
    • Travel slowly down slopes with the fork facing uphill
    • Always use the hand brake when necessary
    • Never travel across an incline
    • Before you raise a load check over head for obstructions
    • Always check for traffic when dismounting