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Facial expression of emotion. Facial expression. Darwin (1872) catalogued facial expressions He emphasized their universal nature And emotions as signals E.g., bowlers do not smile when they get a strike they smile when they turn around to see other watching them (Kraut & Johnston, 1979).

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facial expression
Facial expression
  • Darwin (1872) catalogued facial expressions
  • He emphasized their universal nature
  • And emotions as signals
  • E.g., bowlers do not smile when they get a strike they smile when they turn around to see other watching them (Kraut & Johnston, 1979)
evolution of facial expressions
Evolution of facial expressions

Anger = open mouth threat, display

Fear = grimace, silent bared teeth, nervous grin

Happy = Chimpanzee play face

Disgust ? ejection of bad food, wrinkling nose to bad smell

Sad?

Surprise? Interest raised eyebrows to see more

slide6

From: www.bushorchimp.com

Similarities in facial expression across closely related species?

facial expression of emotion7
Facial Expression of Emotion
  • Emission
  • Cross cultural similarity of expressions. Papua New Guinea “imagine your child died” (Ekman & Friesen 1975)
  • Cultural differences in frequency of expression
    • Japanese less negative expressions in society (Matsumoto et al 1988)
facial expression of emotion9
Facial Expression of Emotion
  • Emission
  • Cross cultural similarity of expressions and causes
  • Deaf and blind children’s expressions are normal
  • Therefore production of expressions is innate (Darwin)
  • Comprehension
  • Universal interpretation of 6 basic emotions (Ekman)
  • happy, sad, angry, fear, surprise, disgust,