Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence. Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence. Studies in the United States and New Zealand suggest prevalence 17-22% More boys are diagnosed with childhood disorders than girls.
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A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated, as manifested by the presence of three (or more) of the following criteria in the past 12 months, with at least one criterion present in the past 6 months: Aggression to people and animals
often bullies, threatens, or intimidates others
often initiates physical fights
has used a weapon that can cause serious physical harm to others (e.g., a bat, brick, broken bottle, knife, gun)
has been physically cruel to people
has been physically cruel to animals
has stolen while confronting a victim (e.g., mugging, purse snatching, extortion, armed robbery)
Children typically cope with anxiety by becoming overly dependent on others.
Prevalence is higher in girls than boys.
Separation Anxiety Disorder
Most common childhood anxiety disorder
Essential feature is excessive anxiety about separation from major attachment figures.
Characteristics Include: unrealistic fears, oversensitivity, self-consciousness, nightmares, lack confidence, chronic anxiety, apprehensive in new situations, worry that parents will become ill or die, difficulty sleeping, school refusal problems .