ACUTE ABDOMINAL EMERGENCIES. Abdominal Anatomy and Physiology Abdominal pain and distress Abdominal conditions. Function of organs Digestion Stomach Small intestine Large intestine (colon) Liver Gallbladder Pancreas. Digestion Stomach: Hollow organ; expands as it fills with food
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Bile secretion for breakdown of fats
Stores bile before release into the intestine
Releases enzymes that breakdown food into absorbable molecules. Takes place in the small intestine
Produces hormones ie insulin
Excessive alcohol consumption
Prolonged use of NSAIDS such as Ibuprofen and ASA
a pouch, connecting the ileum with the ascending colon of the large instestine.
Enteritis is an inflammation of the small intestine caused by a bacterial or viral infection. The inflammation frequently also involves the stomach (gastritis) and large intestine (colitis).
The word "diffuse" means "widespread" and refers to pain that is more or less all over, or at least in many areas.
Usually originating from solid organs
Pain comes from hollow organs
tearing pain in the back
Protect yourself from vomit
Signs of shock
Cool, moist skin
Rapid pulse and respirations
Position of patient
Time: How long have you had the pain
Has it changed over time
Ectopic pregnancy is a priority pt., rapid transport.
Stimulation of β1 receptors by epinephrine induces a positive chronotropic(changes heart rate) and intropic(force of muscular contractions) effect on the heart and increases cardiac conduction velocity and automaticity.
palpate that area last