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REDD Implementation in Berau: Berau Forest Carbon Project / BFCP An Indonesian REDD Demonstration Activity. Dr. Dicky Simorangkir Forest Program Director – TNC Indonesia. A Hope we can believe in. TNC’s Global Climate Program. evolved to various carbon projects under different schemes.

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a hope we can believe in

REDD Implementation in Berau:

Berau Forest Carbon Project / BFCP

An Indonesian REDD Demonstration Activity

Dr. Dicky Simorangkir

Forest Program Director – TNC Indonesia

A Hope we can believe in

slide2

TNC’s Global Climate Program

  • evolved to various carbon projects under different schemes
  • starting in 1995 with Noel Kempff project in Bolivia

reforestation (Bayou Pierre and Tensas River Basin, Lousiana)

conservation, sfm, community (Berau-Indonesia, Adelberts-PNG, Rio Bravo-Belize)

sustainable forest management (Garcia River Forest-California)

reforestation, community (Tengchong-Yunan/CinaandGuaraquecaba-Brasil)

conservation, community (Noel Kempff, Bolivia)

Berau Forest Carbon Program

slide3

BFCP ~ why Berau?

REDD in Indonesia

  • Large sub-national Program
  • Integration across scales and sectors
  • Landscape approach – better monitoring, less leakage
  • Support from decentralized government
  • Probably all that is feasible
  • Could be a good example / test case for national implementation

REDD Projects:

site/unit, district, province, national

4 Demonstration Activities launched by the government in Jan 2010

Berau Forest Carbon Program

Indonesia–TNC

  • High forest cover; high threat
  • High biodiversity
  • Strong support from local stakeholders, particularly local government
  • Strong program to build on

Indonesia–Germany

Indonesia–Australia

Indonesia–ITTO

slide4

BFCP ~ challenges on the ground

Total Area ~ 2.2 millions ha

780,000 ha

13 Timber concessions

32 Oil palm concessions

189,000 ha

27 Mining concessions

185,000 ha

3 Timber plantation

229,000 ha

7 Protected forests

361,000 ha

Others

456,000 ha

slide5

Performance

Period 1

Historic

BFCP ~ carbon accounting framework

BFCP ~ grand strategy

Carbon Credit Transaction

1

6

6

2

5

5

3

3

REL

4

4

slide8

Strategy 1

Performance

Period 1

Historic

BFCP ~ grand strategy

  • Reduced emission fromDEFORESTATION:Forested areas outside state forest areas

Plantations

Better siting, land swaps, HCVF, better management

REL

slide9

Oil palm concessions cover about 9% of Berau District

  • 44% of the concession areas have undisturbed, high-density,
  • or medium density forest
  • Emission from conversion would be 590 tons per ha
slide10

Strategy 1

Strategy 2

Performance

Period 1

Historic

BFCP ~ grand strategy

  • Reduced emission fromDEFORESTATION:Forested areas outside state forest areas
  • Reduced emission fromFOREST DEGRADATION:
  • Improved management of production forest and plantation forest will reduce forest degradation

Production Forest

RIL, HCVF, sfm, certification

Plantations

Better siting, land swaps, HCVF, better management

REL

slide11

Logging concessions cover about 40% of Berau District

  • Well-managed concessions can store 75% of the carbon as an
  • undisturbed forest
  • Potential annual emission reduction 47,000 tons CO2 from a
  • 50,000 ha forest concession
  • Timber plantation concessions cover about 10% of Berau
  • Ca. half of the concession areas have undisturbed, high-density,
  • or medium density forest
  • Emission from conversion would be 500+ tons per ha
slide12

Strategy 1

Strategy 2

Strategy 3

Performance

Period 1

Historic

BFCP ~ grand strategy

  • Reduced emission fromDEFORESTATION:Forested areas outside state forest areas
  • Reduced emission fromFOREST DEGRADATION:
  • Improved management of production forest and plantation forest will reduce forest degradation
  • Enhancing CARBON STOCK:
  • Restoration and replanting of degraded areas

Production Forest

RIL, HCVF, sfm, certification

Plantations

Better siting, land swaps, HCVF, better management

Protected Areas

Better management, sustainable financing, restoration

REL

slide13

Protection forests cover about 16% of Berau

  • 32% of protection forest area is degraded
  • Potential for more than 13 million tons CO2 sequestered
  • through enhancement of forest
slide14

Strategy 1

Strategy 2

Strategy 3

Performance

Period 1

Historic

BFCP ~ grand strategy

  • Reduced emission fromDEFORESTATION:Forested areas outside state forest areas
  • Reduced emission fromFOREST DEGRADATION:
  • Improved management of production forest and plantation forest will reduce forest degradation
  • Enhancing CARBON STOCK:
  • Restoration and replanting of degraded areas

Cross-Cutting:

Improved spatial planning,

Improved governance (capacity building,policy and legal framework), Sustainable financing

Community empowerment and engagement,Improved livelihood

Production Forest

RIL, HCVF, sfm, certification

Plantations

Better siting, land swaps, HCVF, better management

Protected Areas

Better management, sustainable financing, restoration

REL

slide15

BFCP ~ MAIN CHALLENGES !!!

  • Need substationalfunding
  • Up-front financing is critical
  • Mix of public/private sources

1.

Clear and sound institutional and legal framework

2.

Clear and sound financing mechanism

3.

Where is community?

4.