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Project: IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs) Submission Title: [NIST Roles under 2007 EISA on Smart Grid Networks] Date Submitted: 15 July, 2008 Source: [Gerald J. FitzPatrick] Organization [National Institute of Standards and Technology]

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Project: IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs)

Submission Title: [NIST Roles under 2007 EISA on Smart Grid Networks]

Date Submitted: 15 July, 2008

Source: [Gerald J. FitzPatrick] Organization [National Institute of Standards and Technology]

Address: [100 Bureau Drive, MS 8172, Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8172] Tel [301-975-8922]

E-Mail: [[email protected]]

Re: IEEE 802 Plenary WNAN Tutorial

Abstract: To provide information on the NIST role mandated by the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) in coordinating the development of an interoperability framework for Smart Grids.

Purpose: To brief IEEE 802 Membership on the status of WNAN application area and related developments, including need for standards

Notice:This document has been prepared to assist the IEEE P802.15. It is offered as a basis for discussion and is not binding on the contributing individual(s) or organization(s). The material in this document is subject to change in form and content after further study. The contributor(s) reserve(s) the right to add, amend or withdraw material contained herein.

Release:The contributor acknowledges and accepts that this contribution becomes the property of IEEE and may be made publicly available by P802.15.


nist roles under 2007 eisa for smart grid networks

NIST Roles Under 2007 EISA for Smart Grid Networks

Jerry FitzPatrick

NIST Electrical & Electronics Engineering Lab

[email protected]


nist who we are
NIST – Who We Are

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is the U.S. National Measurement Laboratory

-- Mission: to develop and promote measurement, standards, and technology

-- support objectives of federal participation in the development and use of voluntary standards.


NIST Pre-EISA Smart Grid Activities
  • Synchrophasor Metrology
  • state-of-the-art standards test facility for phasor measurement units (PMUs)
  • standard communication protocol for sharing data and commands among different automation and control equipment in a facility
  • foundation in HVAC and Lighting
  • Developing communication protocols between utilities and commercial buildings
  • Industrial Control System (ICS)
  • Security Project
  • develop standards,guidelines and test methods to secure critical control systems

DoE/NIST High-Megawatt Converters

300 MW Zero-Emission

Fuel Cell Power Plant

800 kV DC Power Transmission

  • reduce cost of grid interfaces through high voltage, high frequency power electronic converters


smart grid characteristics from eisa
Smart Grid Characteristics from EISA
  • Increased use of digital information and controls technology
  • Dynamic optimization of grid operations (with full cybersecurity)
  • Deployment and integration of distributed resources and generation, including renewables
  • Development of “smart” technologies including appliances, and devices
  • Development of standards for communication and interoperability of appliances and equipment connected to the grid


nist roles in smart grid
NIST Roles in Smart Grid

Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007

Title XIII, Section 1305. Smart Grid Interoperability Framework

The Framework:

Protocols and standards that shall further align policy, business, & technology solutions

  • Enable connection of all electric resources, including demand-side resources, into an efficient, reliable grid
  • Seek input from:
    • FERC, DoE OE & Smart Grid Task Force, Smart Grid Advisory Committee, and other relevant Federal agencies

NIST “… shall have primary responsibility to coordinate development of a framework that includes protocols and model standards for information management to achieve interoperability of smart grid devices and systems …”


nist roles in smart grid cont d
NIST Roles in Smart Grid (cont’d)

Scope of framework:

  • Flexible, uniform, technology-neutral
  • Needs to accommodate traditional generation and transmission
    • distributed generation, renewables, energy storage, energy efficiency
    • enabling devices and systems
    • flexibility to accommodate
      • regional and organizational differences
      • new technologies
  • Should include voluntary standards for electric appliances and equipment for homes and businesses that
    • Enable emergency response or demand response for
      • load reduction
      • adjustment to load to provide ancillary services
      • response to crisis or load shedding to preserve grid reliability


smart grid
Smart Grid

Fuel Cell Plant

Net Zero Energy Building

  • Highly efficient
  • technologies

Smart Meter


HTS Cable





Biofuels Plant

Solid State Lighting


Standards Committees Activities
  • ANSI/NEMA Electricity Metering Committee C12
  • NASPI/EIPP PMU System Testing and Calibration Guide Task Team
  • IEEE Electricity Metering Subcommittee
  • IEEE PES Power Systems Instrumentation and Measurement Committee
  • ASHRAE BACnet Utility Integration Working Group
  • IEEE 802.21, Media Independent Handover group
  • IEEE 802.15, WPAN, Task Group (TG) 6 on Body Area Networks (BANs)
  • Interagency AdvancedPower Group – Electrical Systems Working Group


nist work plan summary
NIST work plan summary
  • (June - Sept 08) Review the current state of Smart Grid related standards and interoperability and present this in an overview Landscape Map tied to a detailed standards knowledge base. This will become a platform for developing consensus on where interoperability gaps exist and priorities for addressing those gaps.
  • (Sept 23-25) Present this information at GridWeek and invite participation in a NIST Interoperability Standards Workshop at GridInterop (Nov 11) that will be focused on evaluating a roadmap for addressing standards gaps and path toward interoperability.
  • NIST is also working to develop domain expert working groups to help with Gridweek and the workshop as well as to guide and sustain action on standards development and harmonization activities.


NIST EISA Work Plan schematic

Development of Domain Expert Working Groups (DEWGs)

  • Work with stakeholders:
  • Roadmap design
  • GridWeek and workshop planning
  • Landscape Map prep


DEWGs input on draft standards interoperability roadmap

SG Knowledge Base development

Meetings with NIST Stakeholders

Ongoing Standards coordination



Sept 23-25, DC GridWeek

Nov. 11 Atlanta GridInterop NIST SG Workshop

December 08 progress report

December 2007 EISA enactment

Website up and work plan available

Present SG Knowledge Base and Landscape Map at GridWeek

Roadmap presentation and review in domain breakouts

  • December 2008 progress report will include:
  • Introduction with EISA directions and scope
  • Summary of completed work efforts
  • Standards Landscape Map and overview of Smart Grid KB.
  • Smart Grid Standards Roadmap version 1.0
  • Summary of stakeholder input
  • Future year plans


NIST EISA organization chart

DOE Smart Grid Task Force

Wider EISA interaction



NIST Smart Grid Working Group

NIST Smart Grid Interoperability Framework Stakeholders Group


Domain Expert Working Groups

Outside contractor support

(KB and meetings facilitators)

Outside technical and administrative support






Domain Interface


  • 2007 EISA has mandated that NIST lead the coordination of a interoperability framework of object model standards and protocols
  • DEWGs are being established to identify standards needs in Smart Grid domain areas
  • A one-day NIST Interoperability Standards Workshop will be held in November co-joined with the GridInterop conference
  • A report will be published in December on the status of interoperability standards for the Smart Groups