Leadership and Ethics. Lesson # 2 We haven’t taught you any real answers, we have only taught the skills you need better to seek your own answers.” Admiral James D. Watkins. Leadership and Ethics A Leader is:. A person that leads A person who directs a military force
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Lesson # 2
We haven’t taught you any real answers, we have only taught the skills you need better to seek your own answers.”
Admiral James D. Watkins
A person that leads
A person who directs a military force
A person who has commanding authority or influence
Father of our Navy said a leader should be...
“ the soul of tact, patience, justice, firmness, and charity.
No meritorious act of a subordinate should escape his attention or be left to pass without its reward, even if the reward is only a word of approval.
He should not be blind to a single fault in any subordinate, though, at the same time, he should be quick and unfailing to distinguish error from malice, thoughtlessness from incompetence, and well-meant shortcoming from incompetency, and well-meant shortcoming from heedless or stupid blunder.”
Father of our Navy John Paul Jones
“You cannot live in two different worlds, but rather must meet the same standards in both your personal and your professional life, for without a high sense of moral responsibility you may have achieved by your personal example in other areas.”
Admiral de Cazanove
“Power can be delegated but responsibility cannot.”
“An officer must consistently do the right thing, even if this is not always easy.”
“Moral responsibility and ethics can be viewed as a pyramid.”
Admiral de Cazanove
“What separates the moral person from the rest is that the moral person makes those decisions based on his or her conscience.”
People may not agree on what is precisely meant by “good” and “evil”
Laws are made to guide us
We cannot live our lives as naval officers and be pacifists in the strict definition of the word.
Pope Paul the sixth:
“As long as man remains the weak, changeable and even wicked being he often show himself to be, defensive armaments will, alas, be necessary.”
“All those who enter the military service in loyalty to their country should look upon themselves as custodians of the security and freedom of their fellow countrymen; and when they carry out their duty properly, they are contributing to the maintenance of peace.”
Every human being engages in moral reasoning.
Consequences for actions
Basis of felt obligations
Everyday morality is not systematic
Attempts to more fully articulate our everyday moral thinking.
Moral Theories are somewhat abstract…
Evaluate our current moral beliefs
Consistence in our beliefs
Provides guidance for complex issues
Traditionally they have three main categories
Lets consider the story “The Ring of Gyges.”
Do you think that all people would act in the same way if given the ring?
Why be Moral at all?
If we can lie and steal with impunity then why be moral?
If our deeds sometimes go unrewarded or even unrecognized, then why be moral?
1. Does the isolating barrier between cultures block praise as well as blame?
2. What is involved in judging?
Many people in contemporary society are inclined toward relativism - roughly, the view that there is no objective truth in morality, right and wrong are only matters of opinion that vary from culture to culture, and possibly, from person to person.
Descriptive relativism claims that members of different cultures have different moral beliefs.
Normative relativism claims that the truth of moral beliefs depends upon particular cultures, such that the belief that cannibalism is right can be true for culture A but false for culture B.
Normative relativism has some rather undesirable implications:
Frame work for Ethical Decision-Making
1. Identify the problem.
2. Specify feasible alternatives.
3. Use your ethical resources to identify morally significant factors in each alternative.
4. Propose and test possible resolutions.
5. Make your Choice.
1. What are our own deepest moral values?
1a. What qualities do you look for in others
people as well as in yourself?
1b. Are these values you think everyone shares, or are some of your values ones that you feel are not always observed by our culture as a whole?
1c. How have your values changed, if at all?
1d. What influenced their development?
2a. Why do you think people are moral ?
2b. Is it because they fear punishment or ostracism?
2c. Is it because they believe that they should always do the right thing just because it is the right thing?
2d. Is it because they believe they are following “higher” orders?
3a. What is the moral issue that you are most undecided about?
3b. Describe the pro’s and con’s in regard to this issue.
3c. How do you go about arriving a decision when it is unavoidable?
4a. Is telling the truth more important than avoiding harm to others?
4b. Why or why not?
5a. Suppose you cold save one thousand people from certain death by killing a single innocent person.
5b. Would that be permissible?
5c. Why or why not?
6a. Imagine that 5 of our shipmates are ill and you own all of the drugs they need to be well. Are you obliged to give them the medicine?
6b. What if you only had enough to cure two of them?
6c. How would you decide what to do?
Chapter two: Constitutional Ethics
General Longstreet and the Constitutional Paradigm by Cdr. Larry Galvin
The First Principle by Dr. Aine Donovan
A general; salutes by quitting by Richard Newman