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THE NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF MALAYSIA FACULTY OF HEALTH SCIENCES PROGRAMME OF DIETETICS GROUP 1. Status of energy, iron and calcium intake among second and third year students of Nutrition and Dietetics Programme in The National University of Malaysia campus Kuala Lumpur session 2011/2012.

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slide1

THE NATIONAL UNIVERSITY

OF MALAYSIA

FACULTY OF HEALTH SCIENCES

PROGRAMME OF DIETETICS

GROUP 1

Status of energy, iron and calcium intake among second and third year students of Nutrition and Dietetics Programme in The National University of Malaysia campus Kuala Lumpur session 2011/2012.

TITLE

slide2

NAMA FASILITATOR : DR. SUHAINA BT HJ SULAIMAN

AHLI KUMPULAN

NURUL YASMIN FARHAH BINTI ZULKEPLI A132727

NUR HANINA BINTI ABU HASAN A132699

YEE YEN LEEN A132056

EILEEN SUM YEIN SHAN A132042

GRACE TAN AI SZE A132079

NUR IDAYU BINTI HARUN A131731

FATIMAH BINTI ZAKARIA A132025

AZNIDA BINTI KAMARUDIN A132720

AHMAD BUKHARI HUSAIN A132028

HAZIRAH BINTI ZAILAN A132397

NUR AFIZA BT MOHD ARIF A132261

FONG SHU LI A131943

NURUL HIDAYAH BT MUSTAFA A135443

LEONG KA KHENG A131988

KWAN LEE KUAN A131482

1 1 introduction 1 2 epidemiology

CHAPTER 1 :

RESEARCH BACKGROUND

1.1 INTRODUCTION

1.2 EPIDEMIOLOGY

slide6

Cross sectional study

  • to determine status of energy, iron and calcium intake among second year and third year students of Nutrition and Dietetics Programme in National University of Malaysia campus Kuala Lumpur.
  • According to Recommended Nutrient Intake (RNI) for Malaysia 2005 for
    • Energy
    • energy requirement for men adults ages from 19 to 29 years old is 2440 kcal/day . For women ages from 19 to 29 years old is 2000 kcal/day.
    • The energy intake is also determined by energy expenditure.
slide7

Iron

  • iron recommendation for men is 1.37 mg/day.
  • Iron loss :
    • menstruating women from basal iron loss is 0.87 mg /day
    • Severe menstrual loss, 1.90mg /day
  • Iron requirement for women is 2.94 mg/day.
  • Causes of iron deficiency disease in girls
    • Eating disorders
    • beginning of menstruation

- Poor iron status lead to iron deficiency anemia.

slide8

Calcium

  • important
    • denser bones early in life
    • keep bones strong
    • healthy later in life.
  • Recommended nutrient intake (RNI) for calcium is
    • 800 mg/day for adults aged 19 to 50 years in women and men
  • Deficiency of calcium may leads to osteoporosis
slide10

Status of energy intake, iron and calcium among university student is low.

  • These have been said in journal

FIRST JOURNAL (ENERGY)

    • According to journal 2011 Differences in Eating Behaviours, Dietary Intake and Body Weight Status between Male and Female Malaysian student from department of Nutrition and Dietetic, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, about half of the students skip meal and energy intake does not meet Malaysia Recommended Intake (RNI).
slide11

SECOND JOURNAL (IRON)

  • According to the 2010 Prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in female medical student in Tehran, about two billions people who have iron deficiency include young women.

THIRD JOURNAL (CALCIUM)

- According to the 2010 Knowledge, Attitude and Dietary and Lifestyle Practices on Bone Health Status among Undergraduate University Student in Health Campus, UniversitiSains Malaysia Kelantan, almost 98.6% fail to achieve the recommended daily calcium intake of 800 mg of their comparable age (NCCFN 2005).

2 1 research statement research question

CHAPTER 2 :

RESEARCH STATEMENT / RESEARCH QUESTION

2.1 RESEARCH STATEMENT / RESEARCH QUESTION

slide13

Is the food intake of energy, iron and calcium among second year and third year students of Nutrition and Dietetics Programme meeting the Recommended Nutrition Intake (RNI) of Malaysia?

3 1 general objective 3 2 specific objective

CHAPTER 3 :

OBJECTIVE

3.1 GENERAL OBJECTIVE

3.2 SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE

slide16

To identify the intake of energy, iron and calcium among second year and third year student in Nutrition and Dietetics Programme.

slide18

To determine the consumption of energy, iron and calcium and compare to Recommendation Nutrition Intake of Malaysia (RNI)

2) To identify the factors of lifestyle that related to the intake of energy, iron and calcium among second and third year students of Nutrition and Dietetic Programme.

slide19

3) To differentiate the intake of energy, iron and calcium between male and female second year and third year students of Nutrition and Dietetics Program

4 1 research hypothesis

CHAPTER 4 :

RESEARCH

HYPOTHESIS

4.1 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

slide21

Status of energy, iron and calcium intake for second year and third year students of nutrition and dietetics program is not meeting the Recommended Nutrient Intake (RNI) for Malaysia 2005.

slide22

CHAPTER 5 :

5.1 LITERATURE REVIEW

5.1.1 LITERATURE REVIEW FOR ENERGY

5.1.2 LITERATURE REVIEW FOR IRON

5.1.3 LITERATURE REVIEW FOR CALCIUM

5.2 JUSTIFICATION

slide24

A Sjoberg et. al. in 2003

  • To analyze the association between irregular breakfast, lunch and dinner eating and lifestyle factors and also between meal pattern and food choice to find out if irregular intake of main meals negatively affected energy and nutrient intake.
slide25

Zabik et al. and Resnicow et al.

Boys and girls with irregular breakfast intake differed from students consuming breakfast regularly with a higher percentage of energy from in-between meals and snack food. It is found that daily energy intakes appeared not to be affected when breakfast is skipped

slide27

Bruner et al., 1996

  • Serious consequences of anaemia have been shown in several studies and include impaired cognitive function, optimal behaviour.
  • Darnton-Hill, Boer, & Nishida, 1996
  • Reduced immune function leading to increased risk of morbidity and mortality.
slide28

Pollitt,1997

    • Anaemia also has deleterious effects on school academic performance.
  • Bright-See et al., 1994
    • 13-40% of Australian women fail to meet 70% of the recommended dietary intake (RDI) for iron
    • the lower limit of the RDI for iron is 10 mg for 5-18 year old females and 12 mg for 19-30year old females
slide30

The Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals and the Diet and Health Knowledge Survey 1994-96. 

  • Adequate intake for calcium has been set at 1300 mg/day for adolescents aged 9 to 18 years. However, only approximately 25% of males and 10% of females in this age group met the dietary recommendations for calcium intake.
slide32

- To determine the energy, calcium and iron status among secondand thirdyear students of nutrition and dietetics- To determine the effects of status energy, calcium and iron to their study- To determine their lifestyle which involve the food consumption

slide33

CHAPTER 6 :

METHODOLOGY

6.1 RESEARCH DESIGN

6.2 SAMPLING PROCEDURE

6.2.1 TARGET POPULATION

6.2.2 SAMPLE POPULATION

6.2.3 SAMPLE SIZE

6.3 MATERIAL AND METHOD

6.4 RESEARCH ANALYSIS

6.5 INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION

slide35

This study is designed to identify the intake of energy, iron and calcium of second year and third year students of Programme Nutrition and Dietetics.

  • Methods will be used to achieve the objectives for this study.
  • Type of study use is cross-sectional study which involve observational study. It involve the observation of subjects.
slide36

6.2 SAMPLING

PROCEDURE

6 2 1 sampling population
6.2.1 SAMPLING POPULATION
  • Target PopulationAll undergraduate of nutrition and dietetics students in UKMKL session 2011/2012.
  • Sample PopulationSecond and third year of nutrition and dietetics students in UKMKL session 2011/2012.

Second year : 69 subjects

Third year : 73 subjects

Total : 142 subjects

6 2 2 sample size
6.2.2 SAMPLE SIZE
  • Sample size for our selected population is calculated according to the formula

by Krejcie R V & Morgan D W. 1970..

slide39

Our population size for this study is 142. population proportion is assumed 0.50 and the study is conducted with significance level of 5% and degree of accuracy is 5%.

n = 3.84(142) 0.5(1-0.5) / 0.05² (142-1) + 3.84 (0.5)(1-0.5)  = 103.67≈ 104

slide40

Our expected unrespond rate is 10% of samples: n* = 104 / (1-0.1)  = 115.55≈ 116

Therefore our desire sample size is 116 subjects.

slide42

Questionnaire

    • Socio-demographic and antropometry data questionnaire\questionnaire sosiodemographic n antrophometry.docx
    • 24 hours diet recall questionnaire\24 hrsrecall (1).docx
    • Lifestyle information questionnaire\Lifestyle Questionnaire (1).docx
slide44

One sample t test

    • To compare nutritional status of subjects with standard that is Recommendation Nutrient Intake (RNI)
  • Independent t test
    • To compare nutritional status between male and female
inclusion exclusion
INCLUSION/EXCLUSION
  • Inclusion
    • Second year and third year students of nutrition and dietetics in UKMKL session 2011/2012.
  • Exclusion
    • First year and fourth year students of nutrition and dietetics in UKMKL session 2011/2012
slide47

CHAPTER 7 :

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

slide49

CHAPTER 8 :

GANTT CHART