Changes through the Aging Process. Grade 12 family studies. Observable Physical Changes with Age:. BEFORE AGE 50 Wrinkles Crows feet Lines that link nose with mouth. After Age 50. Skin is less elastic (deeper lines) Skin becomes thinner and more spread out (baggier)
Grade 12 family studies
Skin is less elastic (deeper lines)
Skin becomes thinner and more spread out (baggier)
Skin more vulnerable to bruising
Skin changes color
Accumulation of cartilage will make the nose ½” longer and wider
Ears will grow ¼” longer
Women suffer from dry skin
Depletion of back up reserves (inability to fight off diseases and germs)
Reduction of pain (elderly may not feel bruise, cut or slight heart attack)
Arteriosclerosis (hardening of arteries)
Bronchitis and lung disease (can lead to emphysema)
Heart disease / heart failure
What is arthritis?
What are the warning signs?
What is type 2 diabetes?
Insulin is produced by the body to transform sugar into energy. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body no longer produces enough insulin, or has difficulty using the insulin it produces, causing sugar to build up in the blood. Over time, this damages your blood vessels and nerves and can result in severe complications including:
reduced blood supply to the limbs,
possibly leading to amputation
What are the warning signs?
As you grow older, your chances of developing heart disease increase. Coronary heart disease accounts for the greatest percentage of cardio-vascular deaths in seniors, half of which are attributable to heart attacks.
A heart attack occurs when the blood supply to a part of the heart muscle itself is severely reduced or stopped due to blockage, resulting in damage to that part of the heart. if this happens in the brain it results in a stroke.
The main symptoms and warning signs of heart attack are:
Who is at risk?
Some risk factors for heart disease cannot be altered, while others can be modified by lifestyle changes.
Major risk factors you can’t change include age and family history.
Risk factors you can change or control include: smoking, high blood pressure, high “bad” cholesterol (LDL) levels, lack of physical activity, diabetes and obesity.
What is osteoporosis?
Bone is a living tissue, constantly renewed through a natural process in which new bone replaces old bone. As we age, the process becomes less efficient and we begin to gradually lose bone. In someone with osteoporosis, bone loss occurs more rapidly, causing the bones to become very thin and weak over time.
When bones become severely weakened by osteoporosis, simple movements – such as bending over to pick up a heavy bag of groceries or sneezing forcefully – can lead to fracture. Wrist, spine and hip fractures are the most common fractures associated with osteoporosis.
Alzheimer’s Disease - Dementia
Physical disability that prevents independence and autonomy of “normal” life (e.g., Parkinson’s Disease)
Heart Disease/Chronic Pulmonary Disorder
Alzheimer's disease is a progressive, degenerative disease of the brain, which causes thinking and memory to become seriously impaired. It is the most common form of dementia. (Dementia is a syndrome consisting of a number of symptoms that include loss of memory, judgment and reasoning, and changes in mood, behavior and communication abilities).
Senior women are more likely than men to have arthritis/rheumatism, cataracts/glaucoma and back problems. Rates of heart disease, diabetes, cancer, the effects of stroke, and Alzheimer's disease/dementia are higher among senior men (Gilmour and Park, 2006).
Between 10 and 15 percent of seniors in the community suffer from depressive symptoms and/or clinical depression (Conn, 2002).
Late-life dementias, which include Alzheimer's disease, affect 8 percent of seniors over the age of 65 and more than 25 percent of those over the age of 80. Dementia is considered to be one of the greatest public health challenges of the coming generation (Canadian Study of Health and Aging Working Group, 1994).
Needs met through company
Needs met at retirement
May experience loneliness or depression
Need to balance activity and involvement
Difficulty with memory and/or problem solving
Speed may decrease but skill in logic and understanding are often improved
May need to work longer and harder but will learn more thoroughly
Mental simulation is necessary to keep older adults thinking effectively.
Finances: Where will my money come from?
Many adults older adults need more medical care due to aging or chronic illness.
Over medication is another problem.
Dangers of mixing drugs
Most older adults want to remain independent as long as possible
Self worth is often measured in how well they can care for themselves
Although there are many factors are associated with happiness it was found that compared to seniors living with a spouse or with other persons, those living alone are less likely to describe themselves as very happy.
In 2003, more than half of seniors aged between 65 and 74 and living with their spouse described themselves as very happy (53%), compared to 39% of those living alone, and 37% of seniors in other types of living arrangements.
Pick one of the following
Review a film where the main characters are elderly
Then compose a 1-2 page essay discussing how topics research discussed in class coincide with characterizations or themes expressed in the film. You CANNOT pick “The Notebook”
Conduct a semi-structured interview of an older adult and provide a case study discussing how your understanding of the person coincides with topics discussed in class.
Our learning goal is to find practical application of theory and research to “real” lives and experiences, and further our understanding of various aspects of adult development and aging.