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Welcome Back! . Stay warm!. Remember the Rules:. Be Respectful Be on Time Be Prepared Be Honest. Remember the Grading Policy:. Remember Your Senior Project!. Your next blog is due on Friday!!! At this stage, you need to start documenting actual work hours on your blog.

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welcome back

Welcome Back!

Stay warm!

remember the rules
Remember the Rules:
  • Be Respectful
  • Be on Time
  • Be Prepared
  • Be Honest
remember your senior project
Remember Your Senior Project!
  • Your next blog is due on Friday!!!
  • At this stage, you need to start documenting actual work hours on your blog.
  • You need to have a personal due date set for your project. Your homework for this nine weeks will be to work on your products for your Senior Project
senior project take off work now
Senior Project: Take off Work NOW!!!
  • April 29th and 30th: Stand and Delivers
  • These are in the evening after school.
  • We will practice these the week before.
now more literature
Now, More Literature
  • Over the next few weeks, we are going to read some King Arthur stories, Macbeth by Shakespeare, and other Renaissance works. We will have a test on those.
  • Then, we will have a segway work, then Romanticism, then Victorianism. We’ll have a test on those.
  • After those, we’ll move into Modern British Literature and we’ll read The Hobbit by Tolkein.
with the literature
With the Literature
  • We will have a few in class writing assignments.
  • Don’t worry, they’re not as demanding as the SP Research Essay. 
now king arthur knightly legends
Now, King Arthur & Knightly Legends
  • The King in Shining Armor.
  • Legendary King of Britain.
  • Most of the legends were written during the Middle Ages. Some of the legends were even written/rewritten into the Victorian era (1800s).
  • Practiced the ideals of Chivalry
  • Remember Chivalry?
Medieval society made up of 3 “estates”:1. nobility—rulers (hereditary)2. church—spiritual welfare of society3. everyone else—mass of commoners who did work to provide for physical needs
This code was central to medieval social values.

Women were always subservient to men; her value depended on the value of the land she brought to a marriage.

3 languages spoken at this time:

French (nobility)

Latin (church, businesses, scholars/schools)

English (common people)

the crusades
The Crusades

• 1095-1270• The Catholic church sponsored a series of military expeditions to the Middle East to win Jerusalem and the Holy Land from Muslims. • Ultimately failed, but contributed to weakening feudalism.

thomas becket
Thomas á Becket

Under feudalism, the king appointed bishops and gave them land; some held high positions in the government. People began to complain about government control of the church and church control in nonreligious matters.

  • King Henry II appointed Thomas à Becket (priest) as Archbishop of Canterbury (head of RC Church in England).
  • Becket opposed to king’s attempts to establish royal rights over the church (especially the right of the king’s courts to punish church officials who committed crimes).
  • Henry once angrily exclaimed, “Will no one rid me of this turbulent priest?”
  • Four knights took him literally and murdered Becket in Canterbury Cathedral, where he was praying.
  • Murder shocked Christians of Europe, Becket was made a saint.
  • Shrine dedicated to Becket is the destination in The Canterbury Tales.
magna carta
Magna Carta

• Barons were taxed excessively to pay for military campaigns/wars (like the Crusades).

• Barons finally fed up, in 1215 revolted against taxes and forced the king to sign the Magna Carta (placed king under the law to protect citizens).

the hundred years war
The Hundred Years’ War

• 1337-1453• Series of wars between England and France; England lost all of its remaining territory in continental Europe• After this, less French influence on English culture. English became the language of the nobility, courts, parliament, etc

the black death
The Black Death

• During Hundred Years’ War; first hit England in 1348

• Epidemic of bubonic plague; spread by the bite of infected fleas carried by rats**

• Painful swellings, high fever, body aches; death within five days of contraction.

• Called Black Death because of the way victims looked in final stages: as respiratory systems failed, bodies turned dark purple and developed soft black swellings.

• Killed about 1/3 of England’s people

• The plague still exists! Small outbreaks have occurred as recently as 1994; scientists have developed vaccines and antibiotics to stop future outbreaks

• Caused a labor shortage, so workers could demand more money and peasants could demand lower rent on their land. Landlords lost money; this meant more and larger cities, more people moved there; feudalism broke down even more

**Recently, scientists have found inconsistencies that they say prove the Black Death was NOT the bubonic plague; instead, it may have been an early ancestor of ebola.

old english middle english
Old English/Middle English

By 1300s, Middle English spoken

  • Old English literature spoke for the nobility; spoke with one dignified voice
  • Middle English literature spoke for everybody; spoke with many voices, wide variety of topics

By late 14th century, large and prosperous middle class was emerging (Chaucer born into this middle class).


And it was don aftirward, and Jhesus made iourney bi citees and castels, prechynge and euangelisynge þe rewme of 2God, and twelue wiþ hym; and sum wymmen þat weren heelid of wickid spiritis and sijknessis, Marie, þat is clepid Maudeleyn, of whom seuene deuelis 3wenten out, þat mynystriden to hym of her ritchesse. —Luke ch.8, v.1–3


Romance became the most popular type/genre of literature:

  • Describes the adventures of a legendary knight; celebrates chivalry and emphasizes courtly love
  • Courtly love: a man’s love for one idealized (nearly perfect) woman makes him a better person; ideally nonsexual; wore her colors in battle, inspired by her, but she’s always out of reach
  • Heroes are admirable men who share weaknesses and feelings of ordinary humans (OE heroes seemed like superheroes; impossibly perfect)
  • Many romances were about King Arthur and the knights of the Round Table
we are going to read
We are going to read…
  • Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
  • Le Morted’Arthur