it s one of yours psychiatry in the emergency department n.
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It’s one of yours: Psychiatry in the emergency department. Dr. Simon Hatcher University of Auckland. “Medical clearance”. What does it mean? Focuses on disposal of patient and timing of assessments rather than need

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Presentation Transcript
medical clearance
“Medical clearance”
  • What does it mean?
  • Focuses on disposal of patient and timing of assessments rather than need
  • “Focused medical assessment” - medical cause excluded and acute care complete (but doesn’t address cognitive status)
medical clearance1
“Medical clearance”
  • Evidence that a careful history may be more effective in identifying medical problems
  • One study found history alone had a 94% sensitivity
  • Low yield for most laboratory tests
clues to distinguish between medical and psychiatric disorder
“Clues to distinguish between medical and psychiatric disorder”
  • New symptoms, especially in older adult
  • Abrupt presentation
  • Presence of positive history in review of systems
  • Extensive PMH
  • Polypharmacy
  • History of medication change
clues to distinguish between medical and psychiatric disorder1
“Clues to distinguish between medical and psychiatric disorder”
  • History of poor medication adherence
  • No personal or family history of psychiatric disorder
  • Visual, tactile, olfactory hallucinations
  • Altered/variable level of consciousness
  • Presence of abnormal vital signs, lab data or physical examination
  • Lack of expected response to treatment
  • Hillard and Zitek 2004
trec studies
TREC studies
  • BMJ Sep 23 2003; Oct 27, 2007
  • Midazolam (7.5-15mg) vs Haloperidol (5-10mg) and Promethazine (50mg)
  • Olanzapine (10mg) vs Haloperidol and Promethazine (NNS 5-8)
  • Haloperidol vs Haloperidol and Promethazine
suicide deaths and rates

2002

2003

2004

Suicide deaths and rates

Numbers

Total

465

516

486

Male

352

375

377

Female

113

141

109

Rates

Total

12.8

13.6

12.8

Male

19.8

20.2

20.3

Female

6.2

7.3

5.8

suicide
Suicide
  • Two thirds of people who commit suicide will have been in contact with an emergency department in the months before their death
  • 12% of people attending for non psychiatric reasons have suicidal thoughts
  • 2% have plans
  • 25 of the 31 patients planning suicide were undetected during their index visit; 4 attempted suicide within 45 days of the visit. All survived.