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NETW 1010. Internet of Things: Introduction. Dr. Eng. Amr T. Abdel-Hamid. Fall 2013. Table of Contents. Answering the W’s What  is IOT? When ? (History and Future of IOT) Where ? (Applications) Why ? (Advantages of using it) How?  (Enabling Technologies)

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internet of things introduction

NETW 1010

Internet of Things:


Dr. Eng. Amr T. Abdel-Hamid

Fall 2013

table of contents
Table of Contents
  • Answering the W’s
    • What is IOT?
    • When? (History and Future of IOT)
    • Where? (Applications)
    • Why? (Advantages of using it)
    • How? (Enabling Technologies)
  • Course Administrative work + Project
starting from the internet
Starting from the Internet
  • Internet appears everywhere in the world
  • but it is still a connection between people and people
what is the internet of things
What is the Internet of Things?
  • Internet connects all people, so it is called “the Internet of People”
  • IoT connects all things, so it is called “the Internet of Things”
what s the internet of things
What’s the Internet of Things
  • Definition

(1) The Internet of Things, also called The Internet of Objects, refers to a wireless network between objects, usually the network will be wireless and self-configuring, such as household appliances.


(2) By embedding short-range mobile transceivers into a wide array of additional gadgets and everyday items, enabling new forms of communication between people and things, and between things themselves.

------WSIS 2005

table of contents1
Table of Contents
  • Answering the W’s
    • What is IOT?
    • When? (History and Future of IOT)
    • Where? (Applications)
    • Why? (Advantages of using it)
    • How? (Enabling Technologies)
  • Course Administrative work + Project
table of contents2
Table of Contents
  • Answering the W’s
    • What is IOT?
    • When? (History and Future of IOT)
    • Where? (Applications)
    • Why? (Advantages of using it)
    • How? (Enabling Technologies)
  • Course Administrative work + Project
history of the internet of things
History of the Internet of Things
  • History
    • 1997, “The Internet of Things” is the seventh in the series of ITU Internet Reports originally launched in 1997 under the title “Challenges to the Network”.
    • 1999, Auto-ID Center founded in MIT
    • 2003, EPC Global founded in MIT
    • 2005, Four important technologies of the internet of things was proposed in WSIS conference. (RFID, Nano, Wireless sensors, smart tech)
    • 2008, First international conference of internet of things: The IOT 2008 was held at Zurich.
the applications of iot
The Applications of Iot

Regional Office

Biosensor taken by people



Equipment in public place

Transportation Vehicle

Virtual Environment

2 examples
2 Examples
  • For the public and the society
  • For business and enterprises
example 1 pachube
Example 1: Pachube
  • "The Internet of Things Real-Time Web Service and Applications"
    • Platform to connect sensors and other hardware
    • Platform to build IoT services and applications
    • RESTful APIs
cool but
Cool, but …
  • Data quality of various sources
    • Accuracy of each data point
    • Sensor reliability and availability
    • Time of measurement
    • Important for trust!
  • Unit jungle:
    • nGy/s, mSv/h, Sv/h, Bq/kg, cpm …
    • Sometimes misleading, sometimes just hard to compare…
  • Mix of data sources
    • Real sensors
    • Virtual sensors (data scraping from web pages, e.g.,

business web a platform and marketplace for business services
Business WebA Platform and Marketplace for Business Services

The Business Web is a cloud-based business environment that provides access to the necessary infrastructure, applications, content, and connectivity to deliver end-to-end business services optimized for mobility and ease of participation

m2m scenario ice cream cabinets
M2M Scenario – Ice Cream Cabinets
  • The application provides consumer products companies with detailed information about the location and status of its ice cream cabinets.
  • This information can be used to find these cabinets, supply them with new ice cream in time, and monitor their temperature in order to avoid ice cream becoming bad due to a defective ice cream cabinet.
  • The ice cream cabinets become smart items that monitor their energy consumption, send alarms, and become an active part in the companies operation processes as well as sustainability efforts.
iot configuration
IoT Configuration
  • 2.5 millon ice cream cabinets
    • Worldwide distributed
    • Biggest growth markets: China and India
  • Sensoring
    • Need to refill
      • Avoid stock-outs
    • Location
      • Reliably find and refill
    • Temperature / power outage
      • Detect failures and avoid product loss
    • Behavioral statistics
      • Conclude conversion rate
iot integration into business processes
IoT Integration into Business Processes

3rd Party Supplier

Roles and processes

  • CPG Backend
    • Operational BI on supply chain efficiency
    • User behavior monitoring and campaign efficiency
  • 3rd Party Supplier
    • Dispatcher: Improved planning of daily logistics processes
      • Get refill priorities and alarms on power outage and temperatures
    • Truck Driver: Guidance and real-time integration into process
  • Store Owner
    • Push alarms to store owners for immediate actions
      • Resolve power outage / close lid to save energy
  • Consumer
    • Guidance to next ice cream cabinet (source of happiness)
  • Scenario estimated benefit is 45 million additional profit per year



Reality App:

Guide me to the next ice cream


table of contents3
Table of Contents
  • Answering the W’s
    • What is IOT?
    • When? (History and Future of IOT)
    • Where? (Applications)
    • Why? (Advantages of using it)
    • How? (Enabling Technologies)
  • Course Administrative work + Project
state of the art of iot
State of the Art of IoT

Research Groups




MIT Auto-ID Lab & EPC Global.

Stanford University

Georgia Institute of Technology

Cambridge Univ

EPFL & ETH Zurich

Information and Communication Systems Research Group

Chemnitz University of Technology

VSR Group






Metro Group





the challenge of iot
The Challenge of IoT

Technological Standardization in most areas are still remain fragmented.

Huge amount of Data

Managing and fostering rapid innovation is a challenge for governments

Privacy and security

Testing of Multi-Discipline Systems

Absence of governance

privacy example
Privacy Example

How to convincing users that the IoT technology will

protect their data and privacy when tracking

Potential Solutions

Legal & Regulatory

Technical Control



Social Ethic

course content
Course Content
  • Introduction of the Internet of Things (IoT)
  • Technology and Platforms: Introductions to electronics and micro-controllers, Introduction to Sensors and Actuators, Operating Systems.
  • Overview of Wireless Technologies: Wireless channel, Channel models.
  • IOT Networking: MAC protocols for wireless networks, performance metrics for MAC protocols for low power wireless networks Review the different routing classes, basics of IPv6, Neighbor Discovery, and Stateless Address Auto configuration, 6LowPAN, IEEE 802.15.4, Bluetooth 4.
  • Application Layer: Objectives of the application layer, Goals of CoAP, Review the "development" of applications with "queries“
  • IOT Security considerations.
  • Testing and Verification of IOT: Review the different environments for studying wireless networks, Review the characteristics of testbeds for wireless multi-hop networks. Which steps are mandatory?
course grading
Course Grading
  • Exams
  • Quizzes 3 Quizzes: best 2 (15 %)
  • Final exam (45 %)
  • NO Midterm
  • Theoretical Assignments (0 %)
    • Lecture/Tutorial Quizzes (will set best % later)
    • Programming Assignments over the emulator.
  • Project (40 %)
  • Course Project:

The proposition and prototyping of a CREATIVE

IOT system in the following fields:




  • Project groups are due in two week
    • 5 persons Max.
    • Not from the same Department
  • starts in 2 weeks
  • Best Project Competition
  • Final Project Evaluation/Presentation will be announced.
  • External Evaluation Committee


in time it is too late policy
In time & It is too LATE Policy
  • Late presentation of project and assignments is NOT possible.
  • Honor code
    • 100% penalty for both copier and copy-giver of Any Report/CODE.