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What is the main purpose of the Executive Branch? How long is the term of the President of the U.S.? T/F: A President can serve as many terms as they are elected. What are the qualifications to be President? What cabinet member is responsible for the funds of the U.S.?
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What is the main purpose of the Executive Branch? • How long is the term of the President of the U.S.? • T/F: A President can serve as many terms as they are elected. • What are the qualifications to be President? • What cabinet member is responsible for the funds of the U.S.? • If something happens to the President and the Vice President, who becomes president? • What is the Electoral College? • What is the formula for calculating the number of electoral votes that a state has? How many electoral votes does Illinois have? Review Questions: Answer questions on a piece of paper
3 Branches of Government The Judicial Branch The Judicial Branch The different levels of courts Checks and Balances Review of the three branches
Main Purpose: To Interpret the Laws • Qualifications: None • Appointed by President • Confirmed by the Senate • Can be Impeached by the House of Reps and convicted by Senate • Term: Life—serve until they die, retire, or are convicted The Judicial Branch
Highest court in the land • Only part of the federal judiciary required by the Constitution • Generally 9 justices including 1 Chief Justice • Decides if laws are Constitutional • Does not hear appeals as a matter of right; instead parties must petition the Court for a writ of certiorari. • 4 of 9 Justices must decide that they should hear the case • Less than 150 of the 7,500 Writs of certiorari are granted each year • These are typically the cases that the Court considers sufficiently important to require their review (Ex. An occasion when 2 or more of the federal courts of appeals have ruled differently on the same question of federal law) The Supreme Court
What is it? The process by which the courts interpret the Constitution and can declare a law to be constitutional or unconstitutional. • Established February 24, 1803 in the case Marbury v. Madison. • Led by Chief Justice: John Marshall Judicial Review
Fact of Congress/3Ring Circus • Helps prevent any one branch of government from becoming too powerful • Examples: • Executive-Legislative • President can veto bill • Executive-Judicial • President nominates justices Checks and Balances
I will break you into groups. After I break you up into groups, I will provide you with a sheet that describes your role and your task. • You must not communicate with the other groups, and it is vital that they do not know what your task is. This means that you must make sure that they cannot overhear what you are saying. • http://www.cyberlearning-world.com/lessons/oct6usg.htm Activity!
After completing this activity, do you understand how the system of checks and balances works? • In what ways did this activity portray the system of checks and balances? What checks were done to keep any of the branches from becoming too powerful?
Monday: There will be a quiz concerning the 3 branches of government. You should know the qualifications, duties, and terms of each. Know who belongs to what branch. You can do this! It will be matching, multiple choice, t/f, and maybe some fill-in or listing. I just want to see what you learned about the branches. • The PowerPoints should be on Mr. Brewer’s website under U.S. History you just have to scroll down. Homework
Game Show Time! Trivia Bowl!