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House v. Home. The Universal Need for Housing. House: any structure built for people to live in Includes natural shelters, portable shelters and permanent shelters People historically have always tried to create comfortable shelters for themselves and families. Shelters .

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the universal need for housing
The Universal Need for Housing
  • House: any structure built for people to live in
    • Includes natural shelters, portable shelters and permanent shelters
  • People historically have always tried to create comfortable shelters for themselves and families
  • Natural shelters: primitive people relied on the landscape for protection
  • Portable shelter: nomads (people who wander from place to place) put up a framework, then cover with grass or skins
  • Permanent shelters: built depending on the usable material of the area (earliest village built in Israel/Syria 8000 B.C.)
community distinction
Community Distinction
  • When communities began to form in history, distinction in housing developed
  • As populations grew, people built cities
  • Center of the city: 2 story homes of the upper class.
  • Homes were a symbol of wealth


  • Wealthy Chinese lived in stately wooden houses, the poor lived in mud huts or caves
  • As rich people gained possessions, they built homes on cliffs or mountains for protection
housing to fit human needs
Housing to fit human needs
  • Physical needs: all the things the body needs to survive (air, sunlight, shelter, sleep, food)
  • Psychological needs: anything related to thoughts and emotions (love, belonging, fun, relaxation, comfort)
  • Housing that provides opportunities to meet psychological needs is more than a structure/house, it becomes a home.
draw a house diagram
Draw a “House” Diagram
  • Draw a simple picture of a house
  • On one side list all the physical needs a house provides for a person
  • On the opposite side list all the psychological things a home provides
  • Imagine a neighborhood where every house looks exactly the same. Would you want to live there?
  • The sameness can be uninteresting
  • People like to personalize their homes
  • People’s tastes, values, attitudes, and personalities help form lifestyles
  • Housing meets the need to express personality
  • People choose housing and furnishings based on their likes and dislikes
  • People choose housing that reflects their values
  • One person might choose ultramodern and one person would choose traditional
  • Housing is a symbol of achievement (first apartment=independence)
identity activity
Identity Activity
  • Write down several ways you would design a house to show your personal identity
  • Share with the class
housing and individual needs
Housing and Individual Needs
  • People move many times in their life for many different reasons
  • Changes in housing correspond to changes in a person’s life (ie: new job, new city, new house)
  • Corresponds to the human life cycle (the stages of life from infancy to adult)
  • When people marry, they enter the “family life cycle”
  • Families go through many stages in their lives; often these stages correspond to housing choices and needs.
life cycle examples guess the housing situation
Life Cycle ExamplesGuess the Housing Situation
  • Mike and Rosie are a young couple and just got married.
  • Marie and Antonio have been married for 5 years and have a 3 year old son.
  • Estella is a grandmother with her 2 grandchildren in her care.
  • Andre and Dianna have grown childrenwho have recently moved out of their house.
  • Sam is retiredand lives with his wife.
your first apartment
Your first Apartment
  • Think about your first apartment
  • What kinds of things would you like?
  • Write down at least 5 things you dream about having in your first apartment
  • Where do you imagine the apartment will be?
  • Would you live there by yourself?
special housing needs
Special Housing Needs

What types of situations require special housing?

  • Older people have difficulty living alone (need help cleaning, with meals, accidents)
    • By 2030, people over the age of 65 will account for 20% of the population
    • More people live past the age of 85
  • Retirement housing, assisted living, nursing homes will become more common and necessary
  • People with disabilities also have special housing needs as they require comfortable, efficient housing that considers their disability
  • Some people with mental disabilities live in

group living centers where they have

assistance with daily care needs

universal design
Universal Design
  • Designing interiors and products to accommodate people of all needs and abilities
  • Acknowledges people are different sizes, ages, and have different abilities
  • Barrier-free design: living spaces designed with out structures to prevent access by people with special needs (without narrow hallways)
  • Adaptable design: design that can be easily changed (wheelchair ramp added)
think about
Think about…
  • What is the definition of housing?
  • How does housing meet people’s physical needs?
  • How does housing satisfy psychological needs?
  • Tell how housing reflects identity
  • Why and how do housing needs change during the course of the life cycle?
  • Anderson, D., Livingston, A., Perrin, L.Venzon, C. (2007). Homes and Interiors. McGraw Hill/Glencoe. Peoria, Illinois.