THIS IS ENGLISH 1 开放英语 1. 英语辅导教师 戴夏蓉 电话： 82665051 萧山学院.
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一：教材：中央电大出版社 刘黛琳主编 《开放英语1》。
2）加 -es ， 如buses
3）辅音字母加y 结尾去y变i 加es
如 sky ---- skies
4) 元音字母加y 直接加s boys
5）去 f/fe 变 v 加 es 如wolves
woman ----- women
child ---- children
eg: I am an accountant.
I am the Chief Accountant for ABHK Bank.
She is a receptionist.
She is the receptionist.
一. 动词to be
1. to be 一般现在时形式 am, is, are
主语为第一人称单数用am I am
主语为第三人称单数用is he / she/ it is
第二人称及第三人称复数用 you / they are
2. to be 的否定式和疑问式
例如: Mary is not (isn’t) in the classroom.
Are the Greens on holiday? Yes, they are.
Where is Peter from? He’s from Britain.
I am a student.
He is a teacher.
They are friends.
I am not a student.
He is not (isn’t) a student.
They are not (aren’t) friends.
Am I a student? (Are you a student?)
Yes, I am. No, I’m not.
Is he a student?
Yes, he is. No, he isn’t.
Are they friends?
Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.
when / what time 时间
How old are you?
What is your name?
eg: He works in a big company.
Susan finishes her work at six every day.
eg: sing----sings; live----lives; play----plays
1.2 在以-ch, -sh, -s, -x, -z 等结尾的词尾加-es.
eg: wash----washes; lose----loses; teach--teaches
1.3以辅音字母加y结尾的词, 把y变成i, 再加-es
eg: fly----flies; study----studies
eg: go—goes; do—does
2. 主语为其它情况的, 动词用原形.
eg: I study at a Radio and TV University.
I stand up.
He stands up.
They stand up.
I do not (don’t) stand up.
He does not (doesn’t) stand up.
They do not (don’t) stand up.
Do I (you) stand up? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.
Does he stand up? Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t.
Do they stand up? Yes, they do. No, they don’t.
What do you do?
Where does he sit?
如果句子中没有be 动词只有实义动词，就要在句首添加do 或does了；
如果句子中没有be 动词只有实义动词，就要在动词前添加don’t . / doesn’t,
what / how / when / what time / which / why / where / how old / how many /
how much 特殊疑问句的构成是特殊疑问词+一般疑问句，但是划线部分的
1. She likes swimming. (改为一般疑问句〉
Does she like swimming?
2. I have to work every evening. (改为否定句)
I don't have to work every evening.
3. We often eat fish at lunchtime. (改为否定句〉
We don't often eat fish at lunchtime.
4. They are going to do the shopping on Saturday morning.
When are they going to do the shopping?
5. We need to buy two cartons of cream for four people.
(用how much 对划线部分提问)
How much cream do we (you) need to buy for four people?
not very well,and you ?
1.1 行为动词的否定式由do not (don’t)/ does not
(doesn’t) +动词原形构成. 当主语为第三人称单数时, 用does not.
eg: I do not (don’t) like swimming.
Mary does not (doesn’t) study French.
eg:Do you have a canteen? Yes, we do.
Does she finish early on Friday?
No, she doesn’t.
eg: Where do you have lunch?
What time does Tim start his work?
Activity4, P16, Textbook; Activity12, P21, Textbook.
1 常见的頻度副词有always(总是), usually(通常), often(经常), sometimes(有时), rarely(很少), never(从不)
be动词之后 / 助动词之后,行为动词之前.
I’m usually ill on planes.
He sometimes goes to London.
to have 的三个主要含义:
1. to possess (characteristics) 具有(特点)
eg: Mary has blue eyes and blonde hair.
Mary doesn’t have blue eyes and blonde hair.
2. to possess (things) 拥有(东西)
eg:I’ve (got ) a CD player. She hasn’t (got) a car.
I don’t have (got) a CD player. / I haven’t (got) a CD player.
3. to eat or to drink 吃, 喝
eg: He haslunch in the canteen. / He doesn’t have lunch in the canteen.
Would you like to have a coffee?
3）一刻钟及其倍数：a quarter /three quarters
4) 半小时整，eg.half past ten
5) In the morning ---am
6) In the afternoon---pm
from 8 in the morning to 6 in the afternoon
1. Could you + do sth. 常用于表达请求
Could you spell it, please? Yes, of course.
Could you tell me your car number, please? No, sorry.
Could you call me at 7 o’clock, please? Certainly.
Could you sign the register, please? Of course.
2. Would you like sth? / Would you like to do sth? 常用来表达提议
Would you like to Have a coffee? Yes, please.
Would you like a newspaper? No, thank you.
I have one at the office.
3.What would you like to drink?
I’d like a glass of wine.
What would you like, Polly?
I’d like some crisps.
------Yes ,please ./ No, thank you.
------I’d like …
------I’ll do sth
一楼 the ground the 1st floor
二楼 the 1st floor the 2nd floor
电影 film movie
电梯 elevator lift
e.g There is a book on the table
We have a big room
There is a man in the office.
There is not (isn’t) a man in the office.
Is there a man in the office?
Yes, there is. No, there isn’t.
There are two plants in the house.
There are not (aren’t) two plants in the house.
Are there two plants in the house?
Yes, there are. No, there aren’t.
How many students are there in the classroom?
How much water is there in the cup?
eg: six ~ sixth, eighteen~eighteenth
fifty-seven ~ fifty-seventh, hundred ~ hundredth
first, second, third, fifth, eighth, ninth, twelfth
twentieth, thirtieth, fortieth
Activity 12, P36, Textbook
2） 此代词表达对比：This is my coffee
3）用于强调：That is really stupid!
e.g I’m writing .
Jane is crying .
My mother is sewing .
they are reading.
be + v-ing (助动词加动词的ing形式)
2. Usage (用法)
2.1 表示此刻正在发生的事情或正在进行的动作. 常与now, right now等词搭配.
I am reading now.
I am not reading now.
Am I reading now?
Yes, I am. No, I’m not.
What are you doing now?
He is watching TV now.
He is not (isn’t) watching TV now.
Is he watching TV now?
Yes, he is. No, he isn’t.
We are having a party now.
We are not (aren’t) having a party now.
Are we having a party now?
Yes, we are. No, we aren’t.
Bathroom / toilet / kitchen/ living room /study /garden /garage /dining room /hall /bedroom/
1.What about + -ving
2. How about + -ving
3. Why don’t you + verb
eg:What about seeing this flat?
Well, I don’t know.(说不准该建议好不好)
How about going to an estate agent?
That’s a good idea.(赞同建议)
Why don’t you go to an estate agent?
Why not go to an …?
1) to take : It takes sb some time to do stn
2) sb spend some time in doing sth
3) How long: How long does it take to get
to your house by tube?
1.建议日期: Are free on Wednesday?
What about Friday
2.建议具体时间: How about 6 o’clock?
Is 6 O’clock okay?
Yes. Wednesday is fine. / Yes. That’s okay.
No, I’m afraid I’m not free./No, I’m sorry, I’m busy.
Okay, see you at 5 o’clock on Tuesday.
“too” and “enough”
too +形容词 （太……）
not +形容词+ enough （不够……）
The classroom is too small.
The classroom is not big enough.
can 是情态动词，后接动词原形，表示允许。其否定形式为 cannot 或 can’t, 表示不允许。
(1) You can use the phone in the living room.
(2) You can’t smoke in the bedrooms.
(3)Can I use the cooker in the kitchen?
Yes, I can. No, I can’t.
Employee: I park in the staff car park?
Boss: No, I’m afraid you . Only
managers park there. You park
behind the building.
E: Okay. When I have lunch?
B: You go before 12:30 because we are very busy, but after 1:00 O’clock you go when you like. Youeat and drink in the office, but you
smoke here. Everyone goes to the coffee lounge, because they
smoke in there.
E: I use the phone?
B: Yes, but you phone abroad.
3. 例句：Stand the lamp on the desk.
Don’t put them on the desk.
4. 练习：Activity21, P104
The supermarket is over there, opposite the café.
Yes, it is on the corner, near the station. /
I’m sorry, I don’t know.
You get on at the greengrocer’s.
You get off at the bus station.
I go to school by bus/ on foot.
the butcher’s （肉店）
the newsagent’s （报刊经营点）
next to near between
opposite in the corner outside
描述：He’s tall and he’s got short, brown
wavy hair with blue eyes and a short
描述：He’s very nice and kind. He’s quite
outgoing and talkative - very friendly.
+ to + 动词
句型：1. Would you like …
Would you like some water?
Would you like + to + 动词
Would you like to have dinner with me tonight?
Would you like me to phone Tim?
I’ll tell Franco.
3. Shall I +动词原形
Shall I get some apples?
3. 可数名词与不可数名词都可以用some来修饰。 如：some oranges some rice
4. 可数名词与不可数名词都可以用表示量的词加of 结构修饰。如：
a carton of cream a bag of apples
1.How many 和 How much 问多少
2. some和 any（一些）
I’d like some water.
Do you need any apples?
I don’t want ant tea, thanks.
Could you prepare the vegetables, please?
Can you get some mineral water, please?
I’d like you to get some prawns.
I need some oil. ---- I need not (needn’t) some oil.
She need a bottle of wine. ---- She need not (needn’t) a bottle of wine.
They need buy oranges. ---- They need not buy (needn’t) buy oranges.
I need to buy some oil. ----- I don’t need to buy some oil.
She needs to water flowers. ---- She doesn’t need to water flowers.
Do they need to buy some oranges?
------I think (the parks are lovely)
-----so do I/so have I/ so am I / Me too
-----Neither do I/Neither am I?Neither have I
例子: What do you think of the weather here?
Do you think that China is changing a lot?
例子: I think it’s very different from the west?
练习：Activity 3, P128
1. so am I. / so do I. / me too.
例子：1. --I am（be 动词）enjoying the long summer evenings.
-- So am I.
2. He has (表示拥有) got two brothers,
so have I.
3. I have (实意动词) a bath in the evenings,
so does he.
练习：Activity 5, P130
例子：1. --I don’t have tea in the morning.
-- Neither do I.
2. --I haven’t got a car.
--Neither have I.
3. I’m not going to the shops, neither is she.
练习：Activity 8, P132
Activity 9, P133 / Activity 11, P134
Activity 12, P135
What’s on? Australian Nature.
When is it on? At 5:00 pm on Wednesday.
Is there a film on? Yes, but it’s a comedy.
（1）love, like, hate, prefer 的用法
I like the cafes and the concerts in the parks.
I hate shopping and spending money!
I love to sit in cafes and read newspapers.
prefer + (较为喜欢的) + to + (不太喜欢的)
I prefer watching TV to reading the paper.
I prefer Italian food to Spanish food.
I enjoy the long summer evenings.
I enjoy surfing the Internet for information.
3. to be interested in, to be good at 和
to be keen on后面都用名词，代词或
I’m interested in visiting other countries.
She’s good at French.
He’s keen on learning languages.
注意：in the daytime﹑at night﹑at the weekend ﹑ at weekends
练习：Activity 4, P153
1. What ﹑which ﹑why ﹑who ﹑when等
Activity 11, P157
How are you feeling?
I feel much better. Thank you.
How do you feel today?
I feel terrible. I’ve got a headache.
The lesson was interesting.（表示主动）
The students were interested in studying English.
练习：Activity 15, P162; Activity 16, P163
I was (not) at the doctor’s yesterday. (wasn’t)
She was (not) a teacher in Italy last year.
They were (not) in France last month. (weren’t)
What was the meal like?/How was the meal?
faster, larger, hotter, wetter, happier
more relaxed, more attractive
good / well –better– best bad/ badly– worse-- worst
much/many–more– most little --less --least
far –farther-- farthest old –older--oldest
--further --furthest --elder--eldest
练习：Activity 11, P174; Activity 12, P174
That will be £50.
Molly will be here.
too many, enough)
too much +不可数名词
too many +可数名词复数
they will=they’ll, she will=she’ll,
he will=he’ll, will not = won’t
She will go to the park tomorrow.
She will not (won’t) go to the park tomorrow.
Will she go to the park tomorrow?
Yes, she will. No, she won’t.
What will she do tomorrow?
例：I’ll write the confirmation for you now.
Can you send it to Joe?
I’ll give the man the book.
I’ll give the book to the man.
例：I’ll get it for him.
I can get you some.
I can get some for you.
pay for sth forsb;paysbforsth
1. 次数+a day/week/month/year 每······次
2. every + day/morning/afternoon/week/
I have a shower every morning.
I go swimming every week.
I clean the floor every day.
例：1. Ihave toplan the menus. Idon’t have to
prepare the food.
2. Shehas towork every evening.
3. Doesyour husbandhave towork
-----I feel /I’m feeling really ill.
-----I feel awful.
-----I don’t feel well.
I’ve got bad toothache.
I have a sore throat and a runny nose.
I’ve got a pain in my stomach.
Activity 4, P199;
(3)动词to hurt, to ache, to be painful
His throat is painful.=He has a sore throat.
My tooth hurts. = I’ve got toothache.
(4)to cough/a cough, to sneeze/a sneeze
I’ve got a cough.
The children are coughing and sneezing a lot.
You don’t need to ···
You need to reduce your temperature.
Don’t go to work.
You should finish your homework.
You shouldn’t eat very much.
在说话的时候作出的决定，用一般将来时表示。其结构是： will + 动词原形
Mary: What about the shopping? There’s a lot.
Tim: I’ll borrow my parents’ car. It’s bigger.
Mary: There’s too much for the fridge.
Tim: I’ll put it in the garage. It’s cold there.
Xiaoyan: I think I’ll do the salads before the
supermarket as well, then Mary can clean the kitchen.
表达已经决定要做的事情， 以及描述将来的意图的时候，用be going to + 动词原形的结构。
(1).Tim is going to borrow his parents’ car.
(2).Tim and Xiaoyan are going to do the shopping on Saturday morning.
(3).I’m going to clean the house.
(4).Mary isn’t going to do the shopping.
to make a list to do the barbecue
to make a phone call to do the shopping
to make a cake to do the cooking
1.each other(互相)和somebody/someone else(别人)
They are talking to each other.
She is giving the book to someone else.
They give each other presents.
myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
She’s reading the book to herself.
He talks to himself all the time.
They are buying themselves a new car.
Rose was faster than him.
She was more relaxedthan Frank.
She is less experienced in computers than Frank.
to be (not) + as +形容词+ as
Shanghai is as modern as London.
Shanghai isn’t as exciting as London.
to be the same …/to be different from
Business life in Shanghai is the same as in London.
My housewarming party is different from Mary’s.