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THIS IS ENGLISH 1 开放英语 1. 英语辅导教师 戴夏蓉 电话: 82665051 萧山学院.

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this is english 1 1

THIS IS ENGLISH 1开放英语1

英语辅导教师 戴夏蓉

电话:82665051

萧山学院

slide2

开放英语系列教材由中央电大和英国开放大学合作,为我国英语学习者编写的一套适合自学的多种媒体英语教材。开放英语系列教材共6册。每册教材由主、副文字教材,录音、录象和计算机多种媒体构成。开放英语1`为该教材的第一册,主要供已经具有初级英语水平的成人自学者使用。教材的起点是600个单词。本着以学生为中心的原则,充分考虑成人学习的特点,对内容进行全面设计,尽心的选取,合理的编排,力求从低起点开始,通过大量的口、笔头练习和反复实践,引导学习这一步一个脚印地迈向学习目标。开放英语系列教材由中央电大和英国开放大学合作,为我国英语学习者编写的一套适合自学的多种媒体英语教材。开放英语系列教材共6册。每册教材由主、副文字教材,录音、录象和计算机多种媒体构成。开放英语1`为该教材的第一册,主要供已经具有初级英语水平的成人自学者使用。教材的起点是600个单词。本着以学生为中心的原则,充分考虑成人学习的特点,对内容进行全面设计,尽心的选取,合理的编排,力求从低起点开始,通过大量的口、笔头练习和反复实践,引导学习这一步一个脚印地迈向学习目标。

slide3

主要学习网站:

中央电大:www.openedu.com.cn

浙江电大:www.zjtvu.edu.cn

萧山学院:www.xsrtvu.com

电子信箱:

联系电话:82665051

slide4

教学媒体介绍:

一:教材:中央电大出版社 刘黛琳主编 《开放英语1》。

二:学习指导:《开放英语练习册1》。

三:录象及光盘,网上资源

教学设计:1,用1-2小时介绍教科书框架,学习媒体,面授计划做以指导。

2,英语辅导采用导学系统辅导型。

3,将本书内容串讲,对相似语法对照学习。

4,最后用6小时对练习册和作业进行指导。

5,将本人的电话、邮箱等联系方式告知学员,进行电话答疑和网上辅导。

6,引导学员上网学习,提供权威网站,帮助学员搜集网上资源,并对多数学员疑惑问题给予解答。

unit one
Unit One
  • Learn how to give information about yourself
  • Learn how to ask someone about themselves
  • Learn how to talk about leisure activities
  • Learn how to give information about travel arrangement
self introduction
Self-introduction
  • I’m …
  • My name is /My name ‘s…
  • I work for …
  • I live in …
asking someone some information
Asking someone some information
  • The name
  • The job
  • The birth place
  • The family
  • The nationality
language points
Language points
  • Work +prep. :work with /work for /work at /work in P3
  • Different jobs: a worker/a clerk /a doctor /a solider P3
  • Different sports: bungee jumping /dancing P3
expressing likeness
Expressing likeness
  • I like swimming /dancing
  • I don’t like doing sth
  • I like to do sth
grammar focus 1
Grammar focus (1)
  • 名词的单复数:规则和不规则变化
  • 规则变化:1)加 - s ,如jobs

2)加 -es , 如buses

3)辅音字母加y 结尾去y变i 加es

如 sky ---- skies

4) 元音字母加y 直接加s boys

5)去 f/fe 变 v 加 es 如wolves

不规则变化要记忆.

man---- men

woman ----- women

child ---- children

grammar focus 2
Grammar focus (2)
  • a / an 不定冠词
  • the 定冠词

1)定冠词的用法:特指,说话双方都明白的事情,世界上独一无二的的事物,乐器前,

2)不定冠词的用法:泛指,一个,可以指一类事物

slide12

定冠词指独一无二的事物或已被提到的人或物.定冠词指独一无二的事物或已被提到的人或物.

定冠词可以与可数名词单数,可数名词复数,及不可数名

词搭配.

eg: I am an accountant.

I am the Chief Accountant for ABHK Bank.

She is a receptionist.

She is the receptionist.

grammar focus 3
Grammar focus (3)

一. 动词to be

1. to be 一般现在时形式 am, is, are

主语为第一人称单数用am I am

主语为第三人称单数用is he / she/ it is

主语为第一人称复数,

第二人称及第三人称复数用 you / they are

2. to be 的否定式和疑问式

否定式为在be后面+not

疑问式为把be提到句首

例如: Mary is not (isn’t) in the classroom.

Are the Greens on holiday? Yes, they are.

Where is Peter from? He’s from Britain.

slide14

肯定句:

I am a student.

He is a teacher.

They are friends.

否定句:

I am not a student.

He is not (isn’t) a student.

They are not (aren’t) friends.

一般疑问句:

Am I a student? (Are you a student?)

Yes, I am. No, I’m not.

Is he a student?

Yes, he is. No, he isn’t.

Are they friends?

Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.

slide15

特殊疑问词:

特殊疑问句:

what 什么

which 哪个

where 哪里

who 谁

when / what time 时间

why 为什么

how 怎么样

how many多少(可数)

how much多少(不可数)、问价格

how old年龄

how long多长时间

how soon多久

how often多少频率

How old are you?

What is your name?

…..

slide16
二. 行为动词

行为动词的一般现在时形式

1 主语为第三人称单数,要在动词原形后加-s或-es.

eg: He works in a big company.

Susan finishes her work at six every day.

1.1 一般动词,在词尾加-s.

eg: sing----sings; live----lives; play----plays

1.2 在以-ch, -sh, -s, -x, -z 等结尾的词尾加-es.

eg: wash----washes; lose----loses; teach--teaches

1.3以辅音字母加y结尾的词, 把y变成i, 再加-es

eg: fly----flies; study----studies

1.4以辅音字母加o结尾的词, 一般是在词尾加-es,

eg: go—goes; do—does

2. 主语为其它情况的, 动词用原形.

eg: I study at a Radio and TV University.

slide17

肯定句:

I stand up.

He stands up.

They stand up.

否定句:

I do not (don’t) stand up.

He does not (doesn’t) stand up.

They do not (don’t) stand up.

一般疑问句:

Do I (you) stand up? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.

Does he stand up? Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t.

Do they stand up? Yes, they do. No, they don’t.

特殊疑问句:

What do you do?

Where does he sit?

slide19

I(1)考试句型转变题目(必看)

1. 改为一般疑问句

如果句子中有be 动词,只要直接将be动词放在句首;

如果句子中没有be 动词只有实义动词,就要在句首添加do 或does了;

如果句子中有情态动词,只要将情态动词放句首,但是need比较特殊,

need可以参考一下书本。

2. 改为否定句

如果句子中有be 动词,只要直接将not放在be动词后面;

如果句子中没有be 动词只有实义动词,就要在动词前添加don’t . / doesn’t,

但是单三式要还原;

如果句子中有情态动词,只要直接将not放在情态动词后面,

但是need比较特殊,need可以参考一下书本。

3. 对划线部分提问

想一下划线部分应该使用什么特殊疑问词,特殊疑问词有

what / how / when / what time / which / why / where / how old / how many /

how much 特殊疑问句的构成是特殊疑问词+一般疑问句,但是划线部分的

单词千万不要写进去了

slide20

例句:(2011年1月试卷)

1. She likes swimming. (改为一般疑问句〉

Does she like swimming?

2. I have to work every evening. (改为否定句)

I don't have to work every evening.

3. We often eat fish at lunchtime. (改为否定句〉

We don't often eat fish at lunchtime.

4. They are going to do the shopping on Saturday morning.

(用when对划线部分提问)

When are they going to do the shopping?

5. We need to buy two cartons of cream for four people.

(用how much 对划线部分提问)

How much cream do we (you) need to buy for four people?

uint two
Uint two
  • Learn to say more about yourself
  • Learn to make offers and requests
  • Learn to check into a hotel
  • The expression of time
the expressions of the greeting
The expressions of the greeting
  • Hi / Hello --------Hi /Hello
  • How do you do?-----How do you do ?
  • How are you ?-------Fine,thank you

not very well,and you ?

slide23
行为动词的否定式和疑问式

1.1 行为动词的否定式由do not (don’t)/ does not

(doesn’t) +动词原形构成. 当主语为第三人称单数时, 用does not.

eg: I do not (don’t) like swimming.

Mary does not (doesn’t) study French.

1.2 行为动词作谓语的一般疑问句需在句首加do/does,行为动词用原形.

eg:Do you have a canteen? Yes, we do.

Does she finish early on Friday?

No, she doesn’t.

1.3 行为动词作谓语的特殊疑问句要将疑问词置于句首.

eg: Where do you have lunch?

What time does Tim start his work?

Activity4, P16, Textbook; Activity12, P21, Textbook.

slide24
頻度副词(Adverbs of frequency)

谓语动作发生的频率

1 常见的頻度副词有always(总是), usually(通常), often(经常), sometimes(有时), rarely(很少), never(从不)

2 .頻度副词在句子中的位置.

be动词之后 / 助动词之后,行为动词之前.

I’m usually ill on planes.

He sometimes goes to London.

slide25

动词 have

to have 的三个主要含义:

1. to possess (characteristics) 具有(特点)

eg: Mary has blue eyes and blonde hair.

Mary doesn’t have blue eyes and blonde hair.

2. to possess (things) 拥有(东西)

eg:I’ve (got ) a CD player. She hasn’t (got) a car.

I don’t have (got) a CD player. / I haven’t (got) a CD player.

3. to eat or to drink 吃, 喝

eg: He haslunch in the canteen. / He doesn’t have lunch in the canteen.

Would you like to have a coffee?

the usage of the prep
The usage of the prep.

above

On

below

In

near

beside

Under

the expressions of time
The expressions of time

12 小时表达法:

1)半小时以前:9:25 –直接说出数字或者用past

2)半小时以后:9:55- 可以直接说出或者用to

3)一刻钟及其倍数:a quarter /three quarters

4) 半小时整,eg.half past ten

5) In the morning ---am

6) In the afternoon---pm

the expression of prep of time
The expression of prep. of time
  • In 用于月份及其年份前:in June ,in 1996
  • On 用于具体的一天on May 1st
  • At 用于时刻前:at 5 o’clock
  • For 用于一段时间:for 2 hours
  • From…to 表示从某点到另一点的持续时间:

from 8 in the morning to 6 in the afternoon

slide29

重要句型:

1. Could you + do sth. 常用于表达请求

Could you spell it, please? Yes, of course.

Could you tell me your car number, please? No, sorry.

Could you call me at 7 o’clock, please? Certainly.

Could you sign the register, please? Of course.

2. Would you like sth? / Would you like to do sth? 常用来表达提议

Would you like to Have a coffee? Yes, please.

Would you like a newspaper? No, thank you.

I have one at the office.

3.What would you like to drink?

I’d like a glass of wine.

What would you like, Polly?

I’d like some crisps.

unit three
Unit three
  • Making introduction
  • Making offer
  • Describe building and offers
introduction
Introduction
  • This is …
  • 介绍别人时候需要注意的事项:

把男士介绍给女士

地位低的介绍给地位高的

年轻的介绍给年长的

making offers
Making offers
  • Would you like sth ?
  • Would you like to do sth?

------Yes ,please ./ No, thank you.

------I’d like …

------I’ll do sth

language points1
Language points
  • The difference between B.E and A.E

B.E A.E

一楼 the ground the 1st floor

二楼 the 1st floor the 2nd floor

电影 film movie

电梯 elevator lift

grammar focus
Grammar focus
  • “There be” and “have /has”

e.g There is a book on the table

We have a big room

前者是表示存在有,后者表示所属有

slide35

There be句型:(句型改写参考BE动词句型)

肯定句:

There is a man in the office.

否定句:

There is not (isn’t) a man in the office.

一般疑问句:

Is there a man in the office?

Yes, there is. No, there isn’t.

肯定句:

There are two plants in the house.

否定句:

There are not (aren’t) two plants in the house.

一般疑问句:

Are there two plants in the house?

Yes, there are. No, there aren’t.

特殊疑问句:

How many students are there in the classroom?

How much water is there in the cup?

slide36
基数词和序数词
  • One ---first / 1st
  • Two ---second/2nd
  • Three—third/3rd

P.34

slide37
序数词

多数序数词由基数词加-th构成

eg: six ~ sixth, eighteen~eighteenth

fifty-seven ~ fifty-seventh, hundred ~ hundredth

以下词例外:

first, second, third, fifth, eighth, ninth, twelfth

twentieth, thirtieth, fortieth

Activity 12, P36, Textbook

slide38
指示代词
  • this /these/that /those等
  • 1)可以单独使用也可以与名词相连

2) 此代词表达对比:This is my coffee

3)用于强调:That is really stupid!

unit four
Unit four
  • Learn how to describe families
  • Learn to describe work roles
talking about the work
Talking about the work
  • 介绍工作领域用介词She is in medicine.
  • 询问别人的工作:What do you do ?/What does Tom do ?
  • 工作地点:work in / work at
  • 注意不要问及别人的薪水,在西方属于隐私
language points2
Language points
  • To have / to have got ( P48)
  • 他们的疑问用法和否定用法不同
  • 表示“拥有”时他们的意思是相同的
grammar
grammar
  • 汉语中的“正在”英语中用“现在进行时态”
  • be +verb 的现在分词

e.g I’m writing .

Jane is crying .

My mother is sewing .

they are reading.

slide43
The Present Continuous Tense (现在进行时)
  • Structure (结构)

be + v-ing (助动词加动词的ing形式)

2. Usage (用法)

2.1 表示此刻正在发生的事情或正在进行的动作. 常与now, right now等词搭配.

Activity15,P50. Activity17,P52

slide44
2.2 表示这一段时期正在进行的活动, 可能此刻该动作没在进行.常与 currently, at the moment等词搭配.

Activity19, P52

  • David is an IT manager. He is responsible for the
  • central computer systems. He is training a Chinese
  • colleague currently. He is drinking coffee with
  • Xiaoyan right now.
slide45

现在进行时态各种句型:(参考BE动词改写)

I am reading now.

I am not reading now.

Am I reading now?

Yes, I am. No, I’m not.

What are you doing now?

He is watching TV now.

He is not (isn’t) watching TV now.

Is he watching TV now?

Yes, he is. No, he isn’t.

We are having a party now.

We are not (aren’t) having a party now.

Are we having a party now?

Yes, we are. No, we aren’t.

unit five
Unit five
  • Learn how to describe accommodation:

Bathroom / toilet / kitchen/ living room /study /garden /garage /dining room /hall /bedroom/

Making suggestions

slide47
How to make suggestions (提出建议)

1.What about + -ving

2. How about + -ving

3. Why don’t you + verb

eg:What about seeing this flat?

Well, I don’t know.(说不准该建议好不好)

How about going to an estate agent?

That’s a good idea.(赞同建议)

Why don’t you go to an estate agent?

Why not go to an …?

asking the prices
Asking the prices
  • How much does it cost?
  • How much is the flat?
  • How much are they?

各国的钱币的符号不同:英国£ ,p

美国$

中国¥

the meaning of the sentences
The meaning of the sentences
  • What does …mean?
  • …-what does it mean?
  • It means …
  • Does …mean…?
unit seven
Unit seven
  • Study the language for criticizing
  • How do we make a call
  • How to make an appointment
language points3
Language points
  • 时间的花费表达:

1) to take : It takes sb some time to do stn

2) sb spend some time in doing sth

3) How long: How long does it take to get

to your house by tube?

making a call
Making a call
  • Hello,this is ___ speaking .can I speak to ___?
  • Is that you ,Mary ?
  • One moment ,please
  • Sorry , she/he is not in
  • Sorry ,wrong number
  • Can I take a massage to sb?
making an appointment
Making an appointment
  • Are you free on Sunday?
  • Is … okay?
  • ____(time ) is fine .
  • O.k, see you at ____(time )on …
slide54
Making appointments (按排约会)

1.建议日期: Are free on Wednesday?

What about Friday

2.建议具体时间: How about 6 o’clock?

Is 6 O’clock okay?

3.表示同意所约时间地点:

Yes. Wednesday is fine. / Yes. That’s okay.

4.表示不同意所约时间地点:

No, I’m afraid I’m not free./No, I’m sorry, I’m busy.

5.确认时间:

Okay, see you at 5 o’clock on Tuesday.

slide55
句型:

“too” and “enough”

too +形容词 (太……)

not +形容词+ enough (不够……)

The classroom is too small.

The classroom is not big enough.

unit 8
Unit 8
  • Asking for and give permission.
  • Describing a city
  • Talking about the weather
  • Expressing a command
sth about the weather
Sth about the weather
  • Sunny /cloudy /foggy /rainy / snowy /windy
  • What’s the weather like today /in Beijing ?
  • in spring /summer /fall /winter
describing the city
Describing the city
  • beautiful /busy /big /clean /crowed /modern /safe /expensive /quiet /well-organized
  • P101
  • ----What’s (What is) London like?

----It’s beautiful.

asking permission
Asking permission
  • You can do sth
  • You can’t do sth
  • Can I do sth here?
  • 附情态动词:may /can /may /must /及其过去时态
ask for and give permission using can and can t can can t
Ask for and give permission, using can and can’t ( 用can 或can’t 表示允许或不允许)

1. 用法

can 是情态动词,后接动词原形,表示允许。其否定形式为 cannot 或 can’t, 表示不允许。

2. 例句:

(1) You can use the phone in the living room.

你可以用客厅里的电话。

(2) You can’t smoke in the bedrooms.

你不可以在卧室里抽烟。

(3)Can I use the cooker in the kitchen?

Yes, I can. No, I can’t.

我可以用厨房里的炊具吗?

slide61

Can

can’t

can

can

3.练习(Activity3,P94)

Employee: I park in the staff car park?

Boss: No, I’m afraid you . Only

managers park there. You park

behind the building.

E: Okay. When I have lunch?

B: You go before 12:30 because we are very busy, but after 1:00 O’clock you go when you like. Youeat and drink in the office, but you

smoke here. Everyone goes to the coffee lounge, because they

smoke in there.

E: I use the phone?

B: Yes, but you phone abroad.

can

can’t

can

can

can’t

can

Can

can’t

slide62
六祈使句

1. 功能:表示请求和指令

2. 结构:肯定句动词用原形,

否定句在动词原形前加Don’t.

祈使句中主语you一般省略

3. 例句:Stand the lamp on the desk.

Don’t put them on the desk.

4. 练习:Activity21, P104

the prep of place
The prep.of place
  • On /in /under /above /next to /in front of /behind
  • Furniture:CD player /lamp /laptop /sofa /table/
unit 9
Unit 9
  • How to ask for and give basic directions
  • The multi-word verbs
  • How to describe people’s physical appearance and character
slide65
问路与指路

1. 问路常用句式(1)

  • Where is + 场所?
  • Where is the nearest + 场所?
  • Is there a/an + 场所

2. 例句:

  • Where is the nearest supermarket, please?

The supermarket is over there, opposite the café.

  • Is there a bank near here?

Yes, it is on the corner, near the station. /

I’m sorry, I don’t know.

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2. 问路常用句式(2)
  • How do I get there ? You take the No. 38 bus.
  • How do I get to the bus station?
  • Where do I get on ?

You get on at the greengrocer’s.

  • Where do I get off ?

You get off at the bus station.

I go to school by bus/ on foot.

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短语动词
  • get up /get on /get off /get about /get down
  • work out /work off
  • come across/ come in /come off/
  • ring up /wait for

P115

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店铺的位置

1 店铺的名称

  • 有些店铺名称由经营者加 ’s购成,如:

the butcher’s (肉店)

the chemist’s(药店)

the greengrocer’s(蔬菜水果店)

the newsagent’s (报刊经营点)

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2. 店铺的位置
  • 先学几个表示方位的介词

next to near between

opposite in the corner outside

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谈论人的外貌和性格特征
  • 询问:What does he look like?(外貌)

描述:He’s tall and he’s got short, brown

wavy hair with blue eyes and a short

beard.

  • 询问:What’s he like?(性格 / 外貌)

描述:He’s very nice and kind. He’s quite

outgoing and talkative - very friendly.

unit 10
Unit 10
  • Making offers
  • Study food vocabulary
  • Talk about different quantities
making offers1
Making offers

+ 名词

+ to + 动词

  • Would you like + 代词+动词
  • I will +动词原形
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表达提议

句型:1. Would you like …

  • Would you like + 名词

Would you like some water?

Would you like + to + 动词

Would you like to have dinner with me tonight?

  • Would you like + 代词 + to + 动词

Would you like me to phone Tim?

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2. I’ll (I will) + 动词原形

I’ll tell Franco.

3. Shall I +动词原形

Shall I get some apples?

  • I’ll come with you to buy the food.
  • Would you like some water ?
  • I’ll make the fruit salad.
  • Shall I buy some prawns ?
  • Would you like a cup of tea ?
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可数名词与不可数名词

1. 可数名词(C):

  • apple, prawn, pea, orange, lychee, cup, liter, kilo

2. 不可数名词(U):

  • water, food, toast, tea, oil, milk, coffee, juice, rice

3. 可数名词与不可数名词都可以用some来修饰。 如:some oranges some rice

4. 可数名词与不可数名词都可以用表示量的词加of 结构修饰。如:

a carton of cream a bag of apples

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表达食物的数量

1.How many 和 How much 问多少

How many用于可数名词,

How much用于不可数名词

2. some和 any(一些)

some用于肯定句中,any用于否定句和

疑问句中。

I’d like some water.

Do you need any apples?

I don’t want ant tea, thanks.

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提出请求

1. 结构

  • Could +主语 +动词?

Could you prepare the vegetables, please?

  • Can +主语 +动词?

Can you get some mineral water, please?

  • I +would + like + 宾语 + 不定式.

I’d like you to get some prawns.

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need的用法:

(1) 情态动词:

I need some oil. ---- I need not (needn’t) some oil.

She need a bottle of wine. ---- She need not (needn’t) a bottle of wine.

They need buy oranges. ---- They need not buy (needn’t) buy oranges.

(2)实义动词:

I need to buy some oil. ----- I don’t need to buy some oil.

She needs to water flowers. ---- She doesn’t need to water flowers.

Do they need to buy some oranges?

unit 11
Unit 11
  • How to talk about interests and hobbies
  • How to give opinions
  • How to give instructions
asking others opinion
Asking others’ opinion
  • What do you think of …?
  • Do you think of …?

------I think (the parks are lovely)

-----so do I/so have I/ so am I / Me too

-----Neither do I/Neither am I?Neither have I

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表达意见

1.询问他人的意见

  • to think of …
  • to think that …

例子: What do you think of the weather here?

Do you think that China is changing a lot?

2. 提出自己的意见

  • I think (that) …

例子: I think it’s very different from the west?

练习:Activity 3, P128

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对他人的意见表示有同感 so 和 neither

1. so am I. / so do I. / me too.

表示对他人的肯定意见表示有同感, 或自己的情况和他人一样。

例子:1. --I am(be 动词)enjoying the long summer evenings.

-- So am I.

2. He has (表示拥有) got two brothers,

so have I.

3. I have (实意动词) a bath in the evenings,

so does he.

练习:Activity 5, P130

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2. neither am I. / neither do I. / Me neither.
  • 表示对他人的否定意见有同感,表示自己也一样。

例子:1. --I don’t have tea in the morning.

-- Neither do I.

2. --I haven’t got a car.

--Neither have I.

3. I’m not going to the shops, neither is she.

练习:Activity 8, P132

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谈论电视节目和喜好

1. 谈论电视节目(副词on)

一些电视节目名称

Activity 9, P133 / Activity 11, P134

  • 电视时间表

在时间表和行程安排中,也用一般现在时。

Activity 12, P135

  • be on 表示上演

What’s on? Australian Nature.

When is it on? At 5:00 pm on Wednesday.

Is there a film on? Yes, but it’s a comedy.

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谈论兴趣,爱好和擅长

(1)love, like, hate, prefer 的用法

  • 后面跟名词,代词和动词的ing形式

I like the cafes and the concerts in the parks.

I hate shopping and spending money!

  • 后面跟动词不定式

I love to sit in cafes and read newspapers.

  • 如果在两者之间相比更喜欢一个,要用prefer

prefer + (较为喜欢的) + to + (不太喜欢的)

I prefer watching TV to reading the paper.

I prefer Italian food to Spanish food.

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enjoy的用法
  • enjoy 后面只能跟名词,代词和动词的ing形式

I enjoy the long summer evenings.

I enjoy surfing the Internet for information.

3. to be interested in, to be good at 和

to be keen on后面都用名词,代词或

是动词ing形式

I’m interested in visiting other countries.

She’s good at French.

He’s keen on learning languages.

  • 练习:Activity 13, P137
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表示顺序的副词
  • First(首先),next (其次),after that (之后),then (然后),finally (最后)
  • 练习:Activity 16, P139
expressing hobbies
Expressing hobbies
  • love to do /doing …
  • like to do/doing …
  • hate to do/doing …
  • prefer A to B
  • enjoying doing …
  • to be interested in …
  • to be keen on …/to be good at…
unit 13
Unit 13
  • How to write letter
  • Describe the emotions
  • The usage of “to be”
the expression of emotions
The expression of emotions
  • Boring / interesting /exciting /worrying /frightening / depressing / tiring
  • -ing 与-ed 形式情感形容词的区别:

前者通常带有主动的意味

后者通常带有被动的意味

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表示时间的介词
  • at表示“在······时刻”,用于具体的钟点前
  • on 表示“在······时候”,用于具体的某一天前,与日期﹑星期搭配
  • in表示“在······期间”,与年﹑月﹑季节或一天中的某个时段搭配
  • from…to /from…till /between…and分别表示“从······到”“从······直到······为止”“在······之间”。

注意:in the daytime﹑at night﹑at the weekend ﹑ at weekends

练习:Activity 4, P153

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问句和时间表达法

1. What ﹑which ﹑why ﹑who ﹑when等

wh-词

Activity 11, P157

2. 时间表达方式

This/next/the…after…表达时间

  • this month/next month/the month after next
  • today/tomorrow/the day after tomorrow
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描述情感

1.动词to feel

How are you feeling?

I feel much better. Thank you.

How do you feel today?

I feel terrible. I’ve got a headache.

2.由动词的-ing形式和-ed形式转化而来的形容词

The lesson was interesting.(表示主动)

The students were interested in studying English.

(表示被动)

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3. 例词

boring bored(by)

interesting interested(in)

exciting excited(about)

worrying worried(about)

frightening frightened(about)

depressing depressed(by)

tiring tired(from)

练习:Activity 15, P162; Activity 16, P163

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be动词的过去式was,were

I was (not) at the doctor’s yesterday. (wasn’t)

She was (not) a teacher in Italy last year.

They were (not) in France last month. (weren’t)

描述经历

  • What was … like?
  • How was …?

What was the meal like?/How was the meal?

unit 14
Unit 14
  • How to make comparisons
  • The present continuous tense to talk about future arrangement
slide97
形容词的比较级
  • 1.规则变化
  • 形容词+ - er(单音节词,少量以 y 结尾的双音节词)

faster, larger, hotter, wetter, happier

  • more + 形容词(大多数双音节词和所有多音节词)

more relaxed, more attractive

slide98
2. 不规则变化

数量较少,须个别记忆。

good / well –better– best bad/ badly– worse-- worst

much/many–more– most little --less --least

far –farther-- farthest old –older--oldest

--further --furthest --elder--eldest

3. 比较级前常用的修饰语

  • a bit / a little(一点)
  • much / a lot (非常,••••••的多)
  • She was a bit /a little faster than him.
  • Rose is much / a lotmore easy-going than Frank.

练习:Activity 11, P174; Activity 12, P174

slide99
描述技能和兴趣
  • to be good(better) at
  • to be bad(worse) at
  • to be(more / less) interested in
  • to be (more / less) experienced at
slide100
现在进行时态与一般将来时态表示将来
  • She isn’t staying in Taiwan.
  • When is she flying for Paris?
  • Is she coming back to London on Thursday.

这种用法含有“意图”或者“打算”,“安排”,“计划”

的含义

That will be £50.

Molly will be here.

unit 15
Unit 15
  • 复合宾语和双宾语
  • Talking about duties and obligations
slide102
表示数量“过多”和“足够”(too much,

too many, enough)

  • 表示某事物的量过多,高于正常标准或所需:

too much +不可数名词

too many +可数名词复数

  • 表示数量足够:enough
  • 表示数量不够:not enough
slide103
一般将来时
  • 构成: will(助动词)+ 动词原形
  • 缩略形式: I will=I’ll, you will=you’ll,

they will=they’ll, she will=she’ll,

he will=he’ll, will not = won’t

She will go to the park tomorrow.

She will not (won’t) go to the park tomorrow.

Will she go to the park tomorrow?

Yes, she will. No, she won’t.

What will she do tomorrow?

  • 用法:

1. 一般将来时表示预测

2.一般将来时表示将来的事实

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一般将来时的用法

1. 用来预测可能发生的事情,常于think搭配

  • How much will we need?
  • We won’t need to order more.

2.表示将来的事实,(单纯的将要存在的状态或事实,不带个人主观感情色彩)

  • That will be £50.
  • How much will that cost?
  • Molly will be here?
slide105
带双宾语的动词 P187

1.有些动词可以带两个宾语,即直接宾语和间接宾语。直接宾语表示动作的直接结果(常指物),间接宾语表示动作的目标(常指人)

例:I’ll write the confirmation for you now.

Can you send it to Joe?

2.结构: (1)动词+间接宾语+直接宾

(2)动词+直接宾语+介词+间接宾语

I’ll give the man the book.

I’ll give the book to the man.

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如果直接宾语和间接宾语都为代词,需使用第(2)种结构;但当直接宾语为不定代词时,两种结构都可以用。如果直接宾语和间接宾语都为代词,需使用第(2)种结构;但当直接宾语为不定代词时,两种结构都可以用。

例:I’ll get it for him.

I can get you some.

I can get some for you.

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学过的带双宾语动词如下:

介词用to:bring,give,lend,read,end,take,

tell,write

介词用for:buy, make,

其它:ask forsthfromsb;asksbforsth

pay for sth forsb;paysbforsth

slide108
动作,事件发生的频率

1. 次数+a day/week/month/year 每······次

2. every + day/morning/afternoon/week/

month/year 每······

I have a shower every morning.

I go swimming every week.

I clean the floor every day.

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表示义务用have to do

例:1. Ihave toplan the menus. Idon’t have to

prepare the food.

2. Shehas towork every evening.

3. Doesyour husbandhave towork

every evening?

unit 16
Unit 16
  • Learn language related to the body (p216)
  • The word related to the illness and remedies(p217)
  • Giving advices.
asking sth about the illness
Asking sth about the illness
  • What’s the matter?
  • How do you feel ?
  • How are you feeling?

-----I feel /I’m feeling really ill.

-----I feel awful.

-----I don’t feel well.

slide112
词汇学习

1. 有关身体部位的词汇

  • Activity1, P197

2. 有关疾病的词汇

  • Activity3, Part A, P198
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描述病情
  • 1. 询问
  • What’s the matter?
  • How do you feel?
  • How are you feeling?
  • 2. 回答
  • I feel really ill/awful/terrible.
  • I’m feeling better.
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3. 描述病情

(1)疾病名称

  • a headache, earache, toothache, backache, stomachache
  • a cold, a sore throat, a runny nose, a bad chest, a cough, an infection, a temperature
  • a pain in my throat/stomach/ear, etc.
slide115
(2)I’ve got / have + 疾病名称

I’ve got bad toothache.

I have a sore throat and a runny nose.

I’ve got a pain in my stomach.

Activity 4, P199;

(3)动词to hurt, to ache, to be painful

  • 疼痛部位 + hurt(s) / ache(s) / be painful

His throat is painful.=He has a sore throat.

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My back aches. = I’ve got backache.

My tooth hurts. = I’ve got toothache.

(4)to cough/a cough, to sneeze/a sneeze

I’ve got a cough.

The children are coughing and sneezing a lot.

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表达指令及提出劝告
  • 1. You need to ···

You don’t need to ···

You need to reduce your temperature.

  • 2.祈使句

Don’t go to work.

  • 3. Should + 动词原形

You should finish your homework.

You shouldn’t eat very much.

unit 17
Unit 17
  • More ways to make suggestions
  • Be going to
slide119
提出建议
  • What about going to an estate agent’s?
  • Why don’t you stay at our house?
  • How about taking a taxi?
  • Shall we have a party?
  • Let’s have a housewarming party.
  • Why don’t we have a barbecue?
  • Who shall we invite?(征求意见)
  • That’s a good idea./OK./Great./Yes, let’s.
slide120
will + 动词原形和be going to + 动词原形

1. 作出即时的决定

在说话的时候作出的决定,用一般将来时表示。其结构是: will + 动词原形

例如:

Mary: What about the shopping? There’s a lot.

Tim: I’ll borrow my parents’ car. It’s bigger.

Mary: There’s too much for the fridge.

Tim: I’ll put it in the garage. It’s cold there.

Xiaoyan: I think I’ll do the salads before the

supermarket as well, then Mary can clean the kitchen.

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2. 表示将来的计划和意图

表达已经决定要做的事情, 以及描述将来的意图的时候,用be going to + 动词原形的结构。

例如:

(1).Tim is going to borrow his parents’ car.

(2).Tim and Xiaoyan are going to do the shopping on Saturday morning.

(3).I’m going to clean the house.

(4).Mary isn’t going to do the shopping.

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do和make

do和make分别和一些名词构成固定的搭配,

其搭配的名词通常是不能互换的。

例如:

to make a list to do the barbecue

to make a phone call to do the shopping

to make a cake to do the cooking

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代词

1.each other(互相)和somebody/someone else(别人)

They are talking to each other.

She is giving the book to someone else.

They give each other presents.

2.反身代词(表示自身是其动作的宾语),包括:

myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves

She’s reading the book to herself.

He talks to himself all the time.

They are buying themselves a new car.

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表示比较

1.形容词的比较级

Rose was faster than him.

She was more relaxedthan Frank.

She is less experienced in computers than Frank.

2.表示两者相同或不同

to be (not) + as +形容词+ as

Shanghai is as modern as London.

Shanghai isn’t as exciting as London.

to be the same …/to be different from

Business life in Shanghai is the same as in London.

My housewarming party is different from Mary’s.

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所有的复习资料

  • 6套历年试卷 (2010-2012);
  • 形成性考核册3次作业;
  • 蓝色复习指导手册;
  • 总复习PPT;
  • 4次作业的讲义(交际/语法/阅读/翻译);
  • 18个视频 (有时间的可以用做英语学习);
  • 网上论坛的询问。