Abkhazia the land of soul
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Abkhazia the land of soul. It is closer than you think. Abkhazia.

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Abkhazia the land of soul

Abkhaziathe land of soul


  • covers three thousand square miles between the eastern shores of the Black Sea and the Caucasus mountains. It is bordered on the north by Russia, and on the south by Georgia. About three-fourths of Abkhazia is mountainous. The region also has excellent seacoast resorts. The short distance between the coast and the mountains creates a landscape of striking contrasts.


  • Abkhazia is divided into seven administrative districts: Gagra, Gudauta, Sukhum, Ochamchira, Gulripsh, Tquarchal and Gal. Due to its mountainous nature, Abkhazia has many rivers and lakes, and rich fertile soil. The climate is very mild, averaging around 15 degrees Celsius. Higher elevations experience a more varied climate, with significant snow and even glaciers in some parts. The capital city is Sukhum (Aqw'a in Abkhaz) which lies on the Black Sea coast.

The flag of the Republic of Abkhazia was created in 1991 by V. Gamgia.Itwas officially adopted on 23 July 1992.The design of the red canton is based on the banner of the medieval Abkhazian Kingdom. The open right hand means the strong Abkhazian Statehood, and “We are opened to the whole world!” but at the same time “Stop to Enemies!".The seven stars in the canton have since been reinterpreted to correspond to the seven historical regions of the country - Sadzen, Bzyp, Gumaa, Abzhywa, Samurzaqan, Dal-Tsabal and Pskhuy-Aibga. The seven green and white stripes represent the tolerance that allows Christianity and Islam to cohabit.

  • Climate and Weather Abkhazian natural heritage is magnificent and diverse, unique in its fascinating, harmonious combination of the scenery of the Caucasus Mountains and the Black Sea coast. A stretch only fifty kilometers wide between the shoreline and the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range encompasses all existing climactic zones, from rainforest to perennial snow and glaciers.The average annual temperature is +15°С. Abkhazian winters are the warmest in all of Caucasus. Snowfall is rare, and the average temperature in January rarely falls below +7°С. In the summer, the average temperature is +27 to 28°С. At Gagra resort, the highest average temperature during the hottest month of the year is +24.5°С.Average annual rainfall is approximately 1400 mm. Average relative atmospheric humidity in Sukhum is 72%. The number of hours of sunshine in the republic's capital is 2238 hours a year, with maximum hours in the summer (812) and minimum in the winter (317).

  • Abkhazia's Mountains and CavesNearly all of Abkhazia's territory is occupied by tall mountain ranges. Greater Caucasus mountain range on Abkhazia's northwestern border, near the source of Auadhara River, rises 2500 meters above sea level, while on Abkhazia's eastern border, the altitude of the mountain ranges reaches 3500-4000 meters. The highest point in Abkhazia is Mount Dombai-Ulgen, reaching 4048 meters above sea level. In order of receding height, other impressive mountains in Abkhazia are Gvandra (3984 m), Ertsog (3909 m), Psysh (3790 m), Ptysh (3465 m), Agepsta (3256 m), and Khimsa (3032 m).There are 14 mountain passes in the Greater Caucasus range that lie within Abkhazia's borders, at altitudes ranging from 2300 to 3000 m above sea level. Most of these passes are difficult to access, and are closed for travel most of the year. In centuries past, travel routes through Klukhori Pass, situated on the Sukhumi Military Road, and Marukh Pass were actively used as a link to countries on the other side of Greater Caucasus.Two vast limestone massifs on Abkhazian territory are especially significant: Gagra mountain range (highest elevation: Arabika, 2656 m) and Bzyb mountain range (highest elevation: Napra, 2684 m). The limestone bulk of these ranges is home to Earth's deepest known caves: Krubera (Voronya, or Crow's) Cave, with explored depth of 2080 m, Sarma Cave (1543 m), V. Pantyukhin's Cave in the Gagra mountain range (1480 m), Snezhnaya (Snowy) Cave in the Bzyb mountain range (1370 m), and New Athos (Novoafonskaya) Cave, with a colossal volume of 1.5 million cubic meters.

  • Abkhazia is recognized as a country that has the world largest water resource and no one can equal with the high quality of potable water of Abkhazia. The content of oxygen in the air is very rich and free from industrial emissions, sea water amazes by its unique purity and transparency, and you can easily swim in the sea the whole year round.

  • Abkhazia's RiversThe perennial snows crowning Abkhazia's mountaintops year-round are spread out over an area of 77 km. sq. Over the summer, the snows melt partially, filling the river beds of Abkhazia's many streams with the purest water. There are approximately 120 rivers, 186 mountain lakes, and 170 mineral springs in Abkhazia. It's an interesting fact that, despite Abkhazia's small size, all of its rivers in their entirety, from source to mouth, together with their basins, and with the exception of the two border rivers, are completely contained within the country.Abkhazia's most famous mineral water is Auadhara, flowing from a spring in Auadhara river valley. Hot springs in Primorskoye village (Gudaut District) and Kyndug village (Ochamchyr District) are also widely popular.Abkhazia's portion of the Black Sea coast is renowned for its wide pebble and sand beaches and pure sea water. The coastline is 210 km long. The composition of the sea water is rich and diverse, containing approximately 60 various mineral salts, although Black Sea water salinity is half that of the Mediterranean. The Black Sea is home to approximately 250 species of seaweed, 180 species of fish, more than 200 species of crustaceans, several species of jellyfish, shrimp, crabs, and three dolphin species, a list that doesn't begin to sum up all of its animal and plant life.

  • Mineral waters of Abkhazia

  • Drinking mineral waters are groundwaters, waters from melted snow or artificial waters, comprise saline and compositions of matter. In contrast to pure drinking water mineral water has the high level of salinity. Approximately 170 sources of mineral waters are known in Abkhazia. Better than others studied Auadkhara mineral water, Primorskaia mineral water, Markhiaul mineral water, Sukhum mineral water, Atsgara and Sakian mineral waters, located in the different districts of republic. Mineral waters of Abkhazia are known as health-giving steal waters, and also popular at sanatorium-and-spa treatment.

  • During the Soviet times, Abkhazia was famous for its centenarians (aged 100 years or more). If the whole Soviet Union had 100 centenarians per million population, the Abkhaz population of 500,000 there were about 250 people

  • In modern Abkhazia is home of nearly 4000 people whose age has exceeded 80 years.379 people older than 90 years, 114 people older than 95 years, 39 people age over 100 years. Of the inhabitants of such venerable age dominated by women (88%). 

The secrets of long life
The secrets of long life

Inhabitants of the mountains live longer.And though today Abkhaz villages are located mostly at an altitude of 300-600 meters above sea level.In the past, most Abkhazians lived in the highlands.

  •  Long life can be explained by the favorable climatic and environmental conditions

  • Inhabitants of the mountains live longer.And though today Abkhaz villages are located mostly at an altitude of 300-600 meters above sea level.In the past, most Abkhazians lived in the highlands.

  •  Long life can be explained by the favorable climatic and environmental conditions

One of the most popular theories is that the secret to long life is in one s diet
One of the most popular theories is that the secret to long life is in one's diet.

  • Abkhazians eat homegrown and home-processed foods. Their everyday diet includes  plentiful raw fruits and vegetables yogurt and cheese,  some meat, and little fish. Instead of bread we eat a bland cornmeal mush.We dip it and other foods into spicy sauces made with Abkhazian salt (ajika).This is a tasty mixture of ground red peppers, up to a dozen herbs, and salt.

What effects the longevity
What effects the longevity life is in one's diet.

And… life is in one's diet.

1) climatic conditions(Mild, relatively stable throughout the year climate)

2) Diet

3) Good sleep

4) Behavior in stress situations

5) Spend a lot of time in the mountains

6) Sedentary way life          

7) get up early8)  work in the fresh air9) hunting, walking, naps10) National Instruments11) singing folk music12) Dancing13) natural wine