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Three Types of Progressive Reform

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  1. Three Types of Progressive Reform

  2. Who is Your Favorite Progressive? • TR • Jane Addams • Jacob Riis

  3. Jacob Riis and Social Control • How the Other Half Lives (1890): Influences Humanitarians and Conservatives • TR: “The Most Useful Citizen of New York” • Did book perpetuated ethnic and racial stereotypes?

  4. Photographic Technique of Riis Cast Immigrant Poor as Passive Victims

  5. Photographic Technique of Riis Cast Immigrant Poor as Passive Victims

  6. Photographic Technique of Riis Cast Immigrant Poor as Passive Victims “In the Home of an Italian Rag Picker, Jersey Street” (1888)

  7. Jane Addams and “Social Justice” Progressives • Addams: college-educated, upper-middle-class background • Frustrated ambitions and strong sense of social obligation • Ellen Gates Starr & Social Gospel • Settlement Home Movement: Hull House (1889) Jane Addams

  8. Activities of Settlement Homes • Community Center: Housing, Nursery, Adult Classes

  9. Activities of Settlement Homes • Community Center: Housing, Nursery, Adult Classes • Collection of Social Statistics

  10. Activities of Settlement Homes • Community Center: Housing, Nursery, Adult Classes • Collection of Social Statistics • Legislative reforms: child labor, public playgrounds, protection for women factory workers

  11. Blending Reform and Conservative Impulses:T.R. • Active, Energetic: “The Strenuous Life”

  12. Blending of Reform and Conservative Impulses:T.R. • Active, Energetic • Rough Rider in Cuba (Nationalism)

  13. Blending of Reform and Conservative Impulses:T.R. • Active, Energetic • Rough Rider in Cuba • McKinley’s VP

  14. Blending of Reform and Conservative Impulses:T.R. • Active, Energetic • Rough Rider in Cuba • McKinley’s VP • President, 1901-1908 (Republican)

  15. T. R. and the “Golden Mean” TR, “Right of the People to Rule, 1912”

  16. Why did TR criticize the French Revolution • It was too French. • Moderates were ignored in favor of conservatives and radicals. • He thought Napoleon was way too short.

  17. T. R. as “Conservative Progressive” • T. R. and Coal Strike of 1902

  18. Was T. R. “Conservative Progressive?” • T. R. and Coal Strike of 1902 • Trustbusting: J. P. Morgan and Northern Securities Case (1902).

  19. Was T. R. “Conservative Progressive?” • T. R. and Coal Strike of 1902 • Trustbusting: J. P. Morgan and Northern Securities Case (1902). • Railroads: Elkins Act (1903) and Hepburn Act (1906)