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ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS : - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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1. 2. 3. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS :. IT IS A TECHNICAL DRAWING IN WHICH DIFFERENT VIEWS OF AN OBJECT ARE PROJECTED ON DIFFERENT REFERENCE PLANES OBSERVING PERPENDICULAR TO RESPECTIVE REFERENCE PLANE. Different Reference planes are. Horizontal Plane (HP),

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ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS :


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    1. 1 2 3 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS: IT IS A TECHNICAL DRAWING IN WHICH DIFFERENT VIEWS OF AN OBJECT ARE PROJECTED ON DIFFERENT REFERENCE PLANES OBSERVING PERPENDICULAR TO RESPECTIVE REFERENCE PLANE Different Reference planes are Horizontal Plane (HP), Vertical Frontal Plane ( VP ) Side Or Profile Plane ( PP) And Different Views are Front View (FV), Top View (TV) and Side View (SV) FV is a view projected on VP.TV is a view projected on HP.SV is a view projected on PP. IMPORTANT TERMS OF ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS: Planes. Pattern of planes & Pattern of views Methods of drawing Orthographic Projections

    2. PLANES 1 PRINCIPAL PLANES HP AND VP AUXILIARY PLANES Auxiliary Inclined Plane (A.I.P.) Auxiliary Vertical Plane (A.V.P.) Profile Plane ( P.P.)  A.I.P. A.V.P.  to Vp &  to Hp  to Hp &  to Vp 

    3. THIS IS A PICTORIAL SET-UP OF ALL THREE PLANES. ARROW DIRECTION IS A NORMAL WAY OF OBSERVING THE OBJECT. BUT IN THIS DIRECTION ONLY VP AND A VIEW ON IT (FV) CAN BE SEEN. THE OTHER PLANES AND VIEWS ON THOSE CAN NOT BE SEEN. TO MAKE THOSE PLANES ALSO VISIBLE FROM THE ARROW DIRECTION, A) HP IS ROTATED 900 DOUNWARD B) PP, 900 IN RIGHT SIDE DIRECTION. THIS WAY BOTH PLANES ARE BROUGHT IN THE SAME PLANE CONTAINING VP. Click to view Animation On clicking the button if a warning comes please click YES to continue, this program is safe for your pc. PP VP Y X HP ACTUAL PATTERN OF PLANES & VIEWS OF ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS DRAWN IN FIRST ANGLE METHOD OF PROJECTIONS PATTERN OF PLANES & VIEWS (First Angle Method) 2 PROCEDURE TO SOLVE ABOVE PROBLEM:- Y X FV LSV Y X TV PP IS ROTATED IN RIGHT SIDE 900 AND BROUGHT IN THE PLANE OF VP. HP IS ROTATED DOWNWARD 900 AND BROUGHT IN THE PLANE OF VP.

    4. TV FV Y X Y X FV TV L G 3 Methods of Drawing Orthographic Projections Third Angle Projections Method Here views are drawn by placing object in 3rd Quadrant. ( Tv above X-y, Fv below X-y) First Angle Projections Method Here views are drawn by placing object in 1st Quadrant ( Fv above X-y, Tv below X-y ) SYMBOLIC PRESENTATION OF BOTH METHODS WITH AN OBJECT STANDING ON HP ( GROUND) ON IT’S BASE. NOTE:- HP term is used in 1st Angle method & For the same Ground term is used in 3rd Angle method of projections

    5. FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION FOR T.V. PP VP FOR S.V. FOR F.V. FV LSV Y X TV HP IN THIS METHOD, THE OBJECT IS ASSUMED TO BE SITUATED IN FIRST QUADRANT MEANS ABOVE HP & INFRONT OF VP. P.P. V.P. S.V. F.V. OBJECT IS INBETWEEN OBSERVER & PLANE. OBJECT ACTUAL PATTERN OF PLANES & VIEWS IN FIRST ANGLE METHOD OF PROJECTIONS

    6. FOR T.V. FOR S.V. FOR F.V. THIRD ANGLE PROJECTION IN THIS METHOD, THE OBJECT IS ASSUMED TO BE SITUATED IN THIRD QUADRANT ( BELOW HP & BEHIND OF VP. ) PLANES BEING TRANSPERENT AND INBETWEEN OBSERVER & OBJECT. P.P. V.P. OBJECT TV X Y S.V. F.V. FV LSV ACTUAL PATTERN OF PLANES & VIEWS OF THIRD ANGLE PROJECTIONS

    7. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS { MACHINE ELEMENTS } OBJECT IS OBSERVED IN THREE DIRECTIONS. THE DIRECTIONS SHOULD BE NORMAL TO THE RESPECTIVE PLANES. AND NOW PROJECT THREE DIFFERENT VIEWS ON THOSE PLANES. THESE VEWS ARE FRONT VIEW , TOP VIEW AND SIDE VIEW. FRONT VIEW IS A VIEW PROJECTED ON VERTICAL PLANE ( VP ) TOP VIEW IS A VIEW PROJECTED ON HORIZONTAL PLANE ( HP ) SIDE VIEW IS A VIEW PROJECTED ON PROFILE PLANE ( PP ) FIRST STUDY THE CONCEPT OF 1ST AND 3RD ANGLE PROJECTION METHODS AND THEN STUDY NEXT 26 ILLUSTRATED CASES CAREFULLY. TRY TO RECOGNIZE SURFACES PERPENDICULAR TO THE ARROW DIRECTIONS

    8. FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION FOR T.V. PP VP FOR S.V. FOR F.V. FV LSV Y X TV HP IN THIS METHOD, THE OBJECT IS ASSUMED TO BE SITUATED IN FIRST QUADRANT MEANS ABOVE HP & INFRONT OF VP. P.P. V.P. S.V. F.V. OBJECT IS INBETWEEN OBSERVER & PLANE. OBJECT ACTUAL PATTERN OF PLANES & VIEWS IN FIRST ANGLE METHOD OF PROJECTIONS

    9. FOR T.V. FOR S.V. FOR F.V. THIRD ANGLE PROJECTION IN THIS METHOD, THE OBJECT IS ASSUMED TO BE SITUATED IN THIRD QUADRANT ( BELOW HP & BEHIND OF VP. ) PLANES BEING TRANSPERENT AND INBETWEEN OBSERVER & OBJECT. P.P. V.P. OBJECT TV X Y S.V. F.V. FV LSV ACTUAL PATTERN OF PLANES & VIEWS OF THIRD ANGLE PROJECTIONS

    10. x y 1 FOR T.V. S.V. F.V. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW L.H.SIDE VIEW FOR F.V. FOR S.V. PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD TOP VIEW

    11. FOR T.V. FOR F.V. X Y FOR S.V. 2 S.V. F.V. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW L.H.SIDE VIEW TOP VIEW PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD

    12. X Y 3 FOR T.V. S.V. F.V. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS L.H.SIDE VIEW FRONT VIEW FOR F.V. FOR S.V. TOP VIEW PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD

    13. FOR T.V. X Y FOR S.V. FOR F.V. 4 S.V. F.V. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS L.H.SIDE VIEW FRONT VIEW TOP VIEW PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD

    14. FOR T.V. X Y FOR S.V. FOR F.V. 5 F.V. S.V. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW L.H.SIDE VIEW TOP VIEW PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD

    15. FOR T.V. X Y FOR S.V. FOR F.V. 6 S.V. F.V. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW L.H.SIDE VIEW TOP VIEW PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD

    16. FOR T.V. FOR S.V. FOR F.V. X Y 7 S.V. F.V. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS L.H.SIDE VIEW FRONT VIEW TOP VIEW PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD

    17. FOR T.V. Z STUDY ILLUSTRATIONS 50 X Y 20 FOR F.V. 25 25 20 8 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW TOP VIEW PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD

    18. FOR T.V. X Y FOR S.V. FOR F.V. 9 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW L.H.SIDE VIEW TOP VIEW PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD

    19. FOR T.V. X Y FOR S.V. FOR F.V. 10 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW L.H.SIDE VIEW PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD TOP VIEW

    20. FOR T.V. X Y FOR S.V. FOR F.V. 11 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW L.H.SIDE VIEW TOP VIEW PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD

    21. FOR T.V. X Y FOR S.V. FOR F.V. 12 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS L.H.SIDE VIEW FRONT VIEW PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD TOP VIEW

    22. FOR T.V. Z STUDY ILLUSTRATIONS 35 FV 35 10 y x FOR F.V. 20 30 10 40 70 TV O 13 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW FV AND TV OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD

    23. FOR T.V. Z STUDY ILLUSTRATIONS FV 10 SV 30 30 30 10 30 x y FOR S.V. FOR F.V. TV 14 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS ALL VIEWS IDENTICAL PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD

    24. FOR T.V. Z STUDY ILLUSTRATIONS FV SV y x FOR S.V. FOR F.V. 10 40 60 40 TV 60 15 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS ALL VIEWS IDENTICAL PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD

    25. FOR T.V. ALL VIEWS IDENTICAL FV SV 10 y x FOR S.V. FOR F.V. 40 60 TOP VIEW 40 60 16 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW THREE VIEWS OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD

    26. 30 SQUARE 40 20 50 X Y FOR S.V. FOR F.V. 20 10 30 60 F.V. S.V. O 17 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW L.H.SIDE VIEW PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW FV AND SV OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD

    27. FOR T.V. FV 40 10 O 45 30 D X Y FOR F.V. 10 50 O 80 TV 18 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW FV AND TV OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD

    28. FOR T.V. 40 FV O 10 X Y 100 10 25 FOR F.V. TV 10 10 30 25 O 30 R 20 D 19 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW FV AND TV OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD

    29. FOR T.V. 30 FV RECT. SLOT 10 50 35 10 Y X 20 D FOR F.V. TV 60 D 30 D O 20 PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW FV AND TV OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS TOP VIEW

    30. 10 25 15 25 40 10 25 FOR S.V. FOR F.V. 25 O O 80 25 S.V. F.V. 21 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW FV AND SV OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD

    31. FOR T.V. 450 30 FV 40 X Y FOR F.V. 30 D TV 40 15 40 O 22 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW FV AND TV OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD

    32. HEX PART 30 20 FOR S.V. 20 FOR F.V. 40 20 O 50 20 15 O 30 60 100 23 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW FV ABD SV OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD FRONT VIEW L.H.SIDE VIEW

    33. FOR T.V. 40 20 F.V. 30 10 X Y O 10 FOR F.V. 30 10 30 O 80 24 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FRONT VIEW PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW FV AND TV OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD T.V. TOP VIEW

    34. 10 10 15 25 25 X Y FOR S.V. O 10 50 FOR F.V. FV LSV 25 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW FV AND LSV OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD

    35. PICTORIAL PRESENTATION IS GIVEN DRAW FV AND SV OF THIS OBJECT BY FIRST ANGLE PROJECTION METHOD 10 20 20 30 FOR S.V. 15 FOR F.V. 10 15 O 15 Y X 30 15 50 LEFT S.V. 26 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS F.V.