What is going on with Brain Researchin Reading?
Word Recognition PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS • http://www.readingrockets.org/podcasts/brainlearning (0-3:18) • Speech sound discrimination skills screening • with the right opportunity, will be a proficient reader • screening has 80% accuracy of prediction proficient readers • Word games- phonological awareness
Word Recognition DECODING • Reading Rockets Rewiring the Brain video http://www.readingrockets.org/podcasts/brainlearning (0-2:10, 4:13-5:30)
Word Recognition SIGHT RECOGNITION • Orthographic memory • Orthography – spelling patterns of English • orthographic memory is different from visual memory • Poor spellers - significantly slower and more error prone than better spellers at • classifying both regularly and strangely spelled words • detecting letter transpositions in long words
Language Comprehension BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE • Facts • Concepts • Prior experiences • E.D. Hirsch - Core Knowledge
Language Comprehension VOCABULARY • 60 Minutes video with Marcel Just, Carnegie Mellon University • http://news.cnet.com/8301-11386_3-10131643-76.html (0-3:05) • if your oral vocabulary is large, you look like a better decoder
Language Comprehension LANGUAGE STRUCTURES • Syntax • Semantics
Language Comprehension VERBAL REASONING • Reading Rockets Comprehension video • http://www.readingrockets.org/podcasts/experts • (10:40-11:22) Thinking Skills
Language Comprehension LITERACY KNOWLEDGE • Print concepts • genres
Let’s Put it ALL together Reading Rockets video: Comprehension http://www.readingrockets.org/podcasts/experts (13:30-14:40) • Comprehension is the end goal, get meaning off printed page Reading Rockets video – G. Reid Lyon :The Reading Process http://www.readingrockets.org/podcasts/experts (2:33-3:30) Why do teachers need research to teach Reading? • Reading Rockets video – Phyllis Hunter • http://www.readingrockets.org/podcasts/experts (0:53-2:25)
The Reading BrainThe Left Hemisphere Phonological processing: correspondence between letter and sound Relay station; Cross-modality integration Phonological processing: articulatory mapping Graphemic analysis
Changing the brain After multisensory instruction, brain activity changes from the RIGHT, visual side of the brain to the LEFT, logical processing side.
The Reading Brain Teachers can rewire the brain!