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Absolutism and Revolution

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Absolutism and Revolution. The People Rise up!. Absolutism and Revolution. What is Revolution ?. Try and define…. What is Revolution ?. A sudden and often violent change in the government. Usually happens when the people rise up and throw out their rulers.

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what is revolution
What is Revolution?
  • Try and define…
what is revolution1
What is Revolution?
  • A sudden and often violent change in the government.
  • Usually happens when the people rise up and throw out their rulers.
  • Usually when the government has abused its power…
examples
Examples…
  • In small groups take 2 minutes and brainstorm as many examples as you can of nations that have undergone revolution at some point in their histories…
four main steps
Four Main Steps
  • 1) Injustice: people treated unfairly
  • 2) Revolution: uprising against the government. Sometimes spontaneous, often organized.
  • 3) Consolidation: people organize and create new institutions of government
  • 4) Aftermath: often, the new institutions/rulers are as bad or worse than the old ones!
why revolutions
Why Revolutions?
  • Following the Age of Exploration, European nations became powerful and highly centralized.
  • This led, generally to harsh and repressive political systems in which individual and property rights were abused.
  • Hence, there was a wave of uprisings across Europe and its colonial territories from the 1650’s through the 1800’s…
strong centralized states
Strong Centralized States
  • Britain, France and Russia all had very powerful, absolutist rulers.
  • “Absolutism”: unlimited, centralized authority and absolute sovereignty, as vested especially in a monarch or dictator.
revolution case study france1
Revolution Case Study: FRANCE
  • Why France?
  • France is an excellent example of what happens to a country when rulers take for themselves too much power.
  • The rulers of France drove the people to revolution which then ushered in an era of chaos that engulfed millions…
louis xiv absolute monarch
Louis XIV: Absolute Monarch
  • King of France 1643- 1715
  • Built highly centralized government
  • Had influential and powerful advisors
  • Louis as a boy!
louis xiv absolute monarch1
Louis XIV: Absolute Monarch
  • As a child Louis ruled with an adviser called Cardinal Marazin who took effective control of France. He pursued a policy of “breaking” the aristocracy.
  • Louis went along and was a pawn in Marazin’s ambitions.
  • When Marazin died in 1661, Louis gained full control but essentially continued his mentor’s policies…
  • Marazin
the fronde
“The Fronde”
  • As a response to Marazin’s/Louis policies, France underwent two civil wars known as the Fronde.
  • It was an armed uprising by disaffected nobles who were fed up with tax increases (sound familiar?)
louis takes control
Louis Takes Control
  • Marazin died in 1661…
  • Louis tried to bankrupt the remaining nobles by throwing expensive parties and starting outrageous and expensive fashions…
  • QUESTION: Why would bankrupting the nobles ensure they would be easy to control?
louis takes control1
Louis Takes Control
  • Marazin died in 1661…
  • Louis tried to bankrupt the remaining nobles by throwing expensive parties and starting outrageous and expensive fashions…
  • QUESTION: Why would bankrupting the nobles ensure they would be easy to control?
  • ANSWER: Louis loaned them money, thus making them indebted to him…Now he could control them because they were in his “pocket”
slide20
Discuss these clothes!
  • Why wear them?
  • And the wig…?
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