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Nutrition - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Nutrition
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  1. Nutrition By Kelly Huang

  2. Carbohydrates • the fastest energy source • two types of carbohydrates • Simple(sugar) include candies and nutritious foods like fruits and milk • Complex(starches) include grain products, such as bread, crackers, pasta, and rice • better to eat complex carbs, help fill full • rich in fibre

  3. Fats • the major storage form of energy in the body • two types of fats: • Saturated: found in meat and other animal products • Unsaturated: found in plant food and fish • Help to build cell membrane • Store for future energy use • oil and butter contain fat

  4. Protein • make lots of specialized protein molecules • two types of proteins: • Complete: meat, etc. • Incomplete: vegetable, etc. • builds up, maintains, and replaces tissues in your body • sources are beef, poultry, fish, eggs, etc. • make up muscles, organs, and immune system • moving legs, lungs, and protect from disease

  5. Fibre • found in plants • two types: • soluble fibre-dissolves in water • insoluble fibre-doesn’t dissolves in water • can't be digested • clean out your intestines • sources: brown rice, fruit, and oatmeal

  6. Vitamins • take little amount to help our growth • Vitamin D helps your bones • Vitamin A helps you see at night • Vitamin C helps healing • B vitamins help make protein and energy • two types of vitamins: • fat soluble • water soluble • fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the fat tissues • vitamins A, D, E, and K are fat-soluble vitamins • water-soluble vitamins don't get stored /replace often • vitamin C and B vitamins are water-soluble vitamins • sources: milk, carrots, orange, vegetables

  7. Minerals • help body grow, develop, and stay healthy • for building strong bones to transmitting nerve impulses • two kinds of minerals: • macrominerals • trace minerals • trace minerals includes iron, manganese, copper, etc. • calcium is the top macromineral when it comes to your bones • milk, cheese, and yogurt • canned salmon and sardines • leafy green vegetables • calcium-fortified foods like orange juice

  8. Water • is a liquid at ambient conditions • makes up more than half of your body • carries food and helps get rid of waste • needed for digestive juices, urine (pee), and poop • cell depends on water • help cool down your bodies • water, milk, fruit, and vegetables

  9. Bibliography • http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/carb.html • http://kidshealth.org/kid/word/f/word_fats.html • http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/body/protein.html • http://kidshealth.org/kid/word/f/word_fiber.html • http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/vitamin.html • http://kidshealth.org/kid/nutrition/food/minerals.html