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DNA & RNA. Elements that make up each structure of DNA. These elements are Carbon, Nitrogen, Phosphate, Hydrogen , Oxygen Each sugar molecule is covalently linked to one of 4 possible bases ( A denine, G uanine, C ytosine and T hymine.). MONOMERS OF DNA & RNA.

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DNA & RNA


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elements that make up each structure of dna
Elements that make up each structure of DNA
  • These elements are Carbon, Nitrogen, Phosphate, Hydrogen , Oxygen
  • Each sugar molecule is covalently linked to one of 4 possible bases (Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine and Thymine.)
monomers of dna rna
MONOMERS OF DNA & RNA
  • The monomers of DNA and RNA are nucleotides which are made up of a phosphate group . In DNA, the nitrogenous bases are Adenine , Cytosine, Guanine and Thyme in RNA
base pair rules
Base pair rules
  • The rules pairing or nucleotide pairing are A with T the Purine Adenine(A)always pairs with Pyrimidine Thymine (T) with G The Pyrimidine Cytosine ( C) always pairs with the prime Guanine (G)
dna vs rna
DNA vs RNA

DNA is a double helix RNA is a single strand

Nitrogen Bases: Nitrogen Bases:

Adenine , Thymine Adenine, Uracil

Guanine, Cytosine Guanine, Cytosine

genes
Genes
  • A Gene is a length of DNA that codes for a specific protein. For example one gene will code for the protein insulin, which is important role in helping your body to control the amount of sugar in your blood.
chromosomes
CHROMOSOMES
  • DNA molecules are tightly packed around proteins called hailstones to make structures called Chromosomes.
  • Human beings have 23 pairs of Chromosomes in every cell, which makes 46 Chromosomes in total.
  • The sex Chromosomes determine whether you are a boy (XY) or a girl (XX).
dna vs rna compare and contrast
DNA vs RNA(compare and contrast)

DNA

DNA is a double helix

DNA makes proteins

SAME

They both work in the nucleus

They both are Nucleic acid

RNA

RNA helps read the gene

RNA is a single trend

RNA primers most be removed